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Advertising matchbox

Advertising matchbox
Title
Advertising matchbox
Date 
1897-1899
Medium 
Celluloid
Dimensions 
Overall: 2 7/16 x 1 9/16 x 13/16 in. (6.2 x 4 x 2 cm)
Description 
Celluloid advertising matchbox for cigar makers Doyle & Smith. Text on front of matchbox reads: LA VICTO / A Cigar of / Merit / 5c / DOYLE & SMITH / MAKERS / ONEONTA, - N.Y. Text on back: SMOKE / DOYLE'S TEN / The / Good Cigar / DOYLE & SMITH / MAKERS / ONEONTA, - N.Y. Text on spine: The American Art Works Collection, Co.
Credit Line 
Gift of Dadie and Norman Perlov and Daughters
Object Number 
2012.16.17
Inscriptions 
Front: LA VICTO / A Cigar of Merit / 5 c / DOYLE & SMITH / MAKERS / ONEONTA, - N.Y. Back: SMOKE / DOYLE'S TEN / The / Good Cigar / DOYLE & SMITH / MAKERS / ONEONTA, - N.Y. Spine: The American Art Works Collection, Co.
Gallery Label 
Celluloid, the first entirely synthetic plastic, was invented by John Wesley Hyatt (1837-1920) of Albany in 1869. It is created from nitrocellulose and camphor along with dyes and other agents. Hyatt first developed the material as a less expensive alternative to ivory in the production of billiard balls. Hyatt's invention was patented in 1869 and subsequently used for a wide range of objects, both in imitation of expensive animal products like ivory, horn, and tortoiseshell, and also as an inexpensive medium for objects such as dresser sets, jewelry, picture frames, and advertising giveaways. Celluloid, which is both flammable and fragile, was gradually supplanted by the stronger Bakelite in the 1920s. Celluloid continues to be used today for making Ping Pong balls and guitar picks.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group