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Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs), Female

Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs), Female
Title
Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs), Female
Date 
c. 1554-1564
Medium 
Watercolor, gouache, and black ink, with traces of white lead pigment over black chalk on ivory paper, laid on paper, formerly laid on an album page
Dimensions 
Overall: 8 1/4 x 12 5/8 in. (21 x 32.1 cm), irregular
Description 
Avian Study
Credit Line 
Gift of Nathaniel H. Bishop
Object Number 
1889.10.4.10
Marks 
Inside cover of Album 1 contains a printed catalogue description reading: "Drawings of European Birds, a Collection of upwards of 200 Drawings, most beautifully executed colours, of European Birds, taken from Nature, and most faithfully copied with a view to be published; but from the death of the artists M. la Grese, and M. Petit, they never were engraved. Most of them are accompanied with their names, in 4 large vols. oblong folios, formerly in the Duke of Devonshire's Collection"
Inscriptions 
Inscribed at upper center: 11 / /15/ At right: Fringilla foemina. Pinson femelle. / vel Fringilla foemina campestris. / Pinson champestre, femelle. / Livida, subviridis, campestris Spiza, colore / Foemella aspicior, candida, fusca, nigra. / De Fringilla / mare & foemina / Livida coeruleum, subrubrum Spiza colorem / Non habet & fulvum, foemina, mas sed habet / De iisdem / Livida coerulei, subrubri Spiza coloris, / Et fulvi est expers foemina, mas alius / De iisdem, idem. / Foemina coerulei, subrubri Spiza coloris / Et fulvi est expers, livens; quæ cuncta tenet mas / L'autheur. / B. Textor. At lower center: Le peintre. / Isaac la Grese. / L'escrivain. / Thomas Huilier.
Provenance 
The Duke of Devonshire, Chatsworth, England; John Cassin, Philadelphia, 1869; M.Thomas & Sons, Philadelphia, 1872; Nathaniel H. Bishop, Toms River, New Jersey
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group