Chestnut-backed Chickadee (Poecile rufescens), Common Bushtit (Psaltriparus minimus), Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus), Havell plate no. 353

Object Number: 
1863.17.353
Date: 
Winter 1836
Medium: 
Watercolor, graphite, gouache, and black ink with touches of pastel, scratching out, and selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Dimensions: 
Paper: 19 1/16 x 13 5/8 in. (48.4 x 34.6 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Marks: 
Watermark: JWHATMAN / 1836 [reversed]
Inscriptions: 
Inscribed at lower left in black ink: "J.J.A"; at lower left[below lower margin line ruled in graphite]: "Chesnut-backed Titmouse. 1. Male. 2. Female / Parus rufescens. Townsend. / No 71."; at lower center: "Black-capt Titmouse 3. Male 4 F. / Parus atricapillus, Wils. / Willow Oak. Quercus phelloes, L."; at lower right: "Chesnut crowned Titmouse, 5 M. 6. F. / Parus minimus, Townsend. -- / and Nest. / Plate 353 --"; at lower right in graphite[above lower margin line]: "Total length 5 1/4 -- / Alar extent 8 1/4 -- / Tail beyond Wings 1. 5/8 -- / Claws 5/8 shorter than and of[cut] / Phila.-- Carr's[?] Garden (Bar[cut, Bartram?] / Oct 30th 1836 -- / J.J.A"; at middle right[partially erased and cut]: "Male May 8th / 1835. -- / Male... / Ch... / Pl... / 3[cut] / 12... / F... / ...May 9th 18..."; above vertically: "Chesnut crowned Titmouse / Parus minimus. Townsend -- / 3d quill longest -- / 12 Tailfeathers slightly rounded -- / Total length 4 1/8 Inches --- / Flexure of wing 1 3/4 -- " -- / legs & feet black, eye, brown --"; birds numbered clockwise from middle left: "1"; "2"; "5"; "6"; "3"; "4"
Description: 
Clockwise from upper right: Bushtit, male and female; Black-capped Chickadee, male and female; Chestnut-backed Chickadee, male and female
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as Willow oak (Quercus phellos) painted by Maria Martin; In the plate version the nest, belonging to the Bushtits, and the branches of the willow oak were done by Maria Martin
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group