Confederate Navy Jack, or "Southern Cross"

Object Number: 
INV.12314
Date: 
1914-1940
Medium: 
Cotton bunting, metal grommets
Dimensions: 
Overall: 29 x 49 1/4 in. ( 73.7 x 125.1 cm )
Marks: 
embroidered: tag on hoist: "DEFIANCE/ REG. U.S. PAT. OFF./ 2 PLY. MOTH PROOF/ BUNTING"
Description: 
Red cotton bunting Confederate Navy Jack, also called the "Southern Cross," with a blue St. Andrew's cross with thirteen white stars; white cotton hoist with metal grommets at each end.
Gallery Label: 
The Confederate Navy Jack, better known as the Southern Cross or the Rebel flag, is a version created after confusion at the battle of Bull Run, VA, where both the troops of the Union and the Confederacy carried versions of the Stars and Stripes. The square battle flag became very popular with the troops of the Confederacy, but it was never officially adopted. The rectangular Navy Jack was flown on Confederate ships from 1863 to 1865. Today, the design is the most universally recognized symbol of the South, where it is commonly called the "rebel" or "Dixie" flag. Annin & Co. flagmakers patented their "Defiance" cotton bunting in 1914.
Credit Line: 
Gift of Mrs. Elihu Spicer, 1960
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group