Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea), Havell plate no. 74

Object Number: 
1863.17.74
Date: 
1821; 1829
Medium: 
Watercolor, graphite, pastel, black ink, and gouache with scratching out and selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Dimensions: 
Paper: 18 7/8 x 11 3/4 in. (47.9 x 29.8 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Inscriptions: 
Inscribed at lower left in brown ink: "No 15. Plate 74. / Published / 1829. / Louisianna / July. / J.J.A"; at lower center: "Indigo-bird. / Fringilla cyanea / Plant. Schisandra coccinea. / Vulgo Salsparilla."; at lower right: "Male adult 1. / Male first Year 2. / " -- 2d -- " -- 3. / F. 4."; birds numbered from left center clockwise: "1"; "2"; "3"; "4"
Description: 
Immature males, above; adult male, center; female, below
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as Wild sarsaparilla (Schisandra glabra); female may have been painted later than males; spider unfinished
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group