Graphite and black ink on prepared card
Overall: 18 3/8 x 24 1/8 in. ( 46.7 x 61.3 cm )
Signed at lower right inside image in black ink: "Geo. Catlin"; at upper center outside image in black ink over graphite: "Pl. 219. / Mandan Religious Ceremony"
Ethnography. Studies of Native Americans: Catlin was honored by several tribes and allowed to view rare and sacred ceremonies; Mandan ritual translated as "The Bull Dance", the second ritual; four human or spirit effigies hang from tall poles on one side of the village while men dance in buffalo skins and heads with hand drums and rattles; one man painted all over with spots holds a long pole with a rounded end while men with bowls race or relay and others sing in a circle around a central tall cylindrical vessel of wood planks bound by ropes into a sort of vat or tank while the entire village watches from the tops of the round-topped skin huts; see also 1872.23.218, 220, 221 for other images of this ceremony
The artist's collection; Francis Putnam Catlin, the artist's brother, serving as agent to George Henry Moore, acting on behalf of N-YHS
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.