Graphite and black ink on prepared card
Overall: 18 3/8 x 24 1/8 in. ( 46.7 x 61.3 cm )
Signed at lower right inside image in black ink: "Geo. Catlin"; at upper center outside image in black ink over graphite: "Pl. 221. / Mandan Religious Ceremony"
Ethnography. Studies of Native Americans: Catlin was honored by several tribes and allowed to view rare and sacred ceremonies; Mandan ritual translated as "The Last Race", the final ritual; four human or spirit effigies hang from tall poles on one side of the village while the four tortured men, still impaled with hooks and dangling skulls from their limbs, are dragged in a circle around a central tall cylindrical vessel of wood planks bound by ropes into a sort of vat or tank; other men run a race around the wood vessel and the entire village watches from the tops of the round-topped skin huts; see also 1872.23.218, 219, 220 for other images of this ceremony
The artist's collection; Francis Putnam Catlin, the artist's brother, serving as agent to George Henry Moore, acting on behalf of N-YHS
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.