Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis), Havell plate no. 159

Object Number: 
1863.17.159
Date: 
1822
Medium: 
Watercolor, pastel, gouache, graphite, and black ink with selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Dimensions: 
Paper: 18 3/16 x 11 7/16 in. (46.2 x 29.1 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Marks: 
Watermark: TURKEY MILLS / JWHATMAN / 1817
Inscriptions: 
Birds numbered in graphite upper and lower respectively: "1"; "2"
Description: 
Male, above; female, below
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as Carolina laurelcherry (Prunus caroliniana); female added to composition later.
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group