Pigs in the Clover

Object Number: 
2000.382
Date: 
ca. 1875
Medium: 
Cardboard, paper, clay
Dimensions: 
Overall: 1 1/4 x 6 1/4 in. ( 3.2 x 15.9 cm )
Marks: 
lithographed: on the box cover: "PIGS/ IN/ CLOVER"
Description: 
"Pigs in the Clover" round puzzle on a wooden base with a cardboard maze of three rings with three clay marbles or "pigs" that are to be driven through it;box cover lithographed with a boy trying to drive a group of pigs in a field an the inscription, "PIGS/ IN/ CLOVER"; directions printed at the bottom of the cover.
Gallery Label: 
Pigs in Clover, the first popular dexterity game in America, challenged players to manipulate marbles (pigs) into the central circle (the pigpen) by carefully rotating and tilting the game. In the last half of the 19th century, educators such as Friedrich Froebel, Maria Montessori and John Dewey began to explore theories of child learning that emphasized practical experience and manual skills.
Bibliography: 
Hofer, Margaret K. "The Games We Played: The Golden Age of Board & Table Games." New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2003.
Credit Line: 
The Liman Collection
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group