In early 2017, our fourth floor will be transformed into a new destination for historical education and innovation. During the current renovation, objects from our permanent collection are on view throughout the Museum.
Ki On Twog Ky (also known as Cornplanter ) (1732/40-1836)
Oil on canvas
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Overall: 158 x 72 x 100 in. ( 401.3 x 182.9 x 254 cm )
The Pioneer was built in 1898 during the coaching revival for the Coaching Club of New York by Brewster & Company of New York City. This coach is considered to be one of the finest ever built from the standpoint of proportion, engineering, and craftsmanship. It is a magnificent example of the coachbuilder's art.
The Pioneer ran from 1898 to 1906 from the Holland House in New York to the Ardsley Club in Tarrytown, a fifty-five mile round trip, with eight changes of horses. It holds the world's speed record for regular operation over an extended period: eleven and two-fifths miles per hour, which included stops and changes of horses. The round-trip fare was five dollars and one dollar extra for the box seat. In addition to its regular run, the Pioneer made special trips of a hundred or more miles to points both north and south of New York. Reginald W. Rives, the famous American whip, was the amateur coachman on the majority of the runs, although other members of the Coaching Club handled "the ribbons" as well. The guard, whose duty it was to collect the fares, handle the way bills for any freight carried, and sound the horn, occupied the raised cushion on the near side of the rear seat.
Gift of the Coaching Club of America
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
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