Primeval Forest

Primeval Forest
Title
Primeval Forest
Date 
ca. 1854
Medium 
Oil on pre-primed canvas, with butt end stretcher
Dimensions 
Canvas: 58 x 48 in. ( 147.3 x 121.9 cm ) Framed: 3 x 64 1/2 x 54 3/4 in. (7.6 x 163.8 x 139.1 cm)
Credit Line 
Gift of Mrs. Lucy Maria Durand Woodman
Object Number 
1907.18
Marks 
Canvas stencil: PREPARED / BY/ EDWD DECHAUX / NEW-YORK; stretcher stencil: 366
Gallery Label 
Other Primeval Forest compositions of 1854 and 1869 by Durand, which differ from the NYHS version, are owned by the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., and Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Massachusetts. Durand painted a Primeval Forest in 1854 for Edward D. Nelson which was displayed at the National Academy that year and is now unlocated.
Provenance 
The artist and his family.
Bibliography 
The Home Journal: For the Cultivation of the Memorable, the Progressive, and the Beautiful, No. 425 for the Week Ending April 1, 1854, p. 2, col. 3-4. The Albion, April 15, 1854, Vol. 13, No. 15, p. 17. "The Fine Arts," New-York Daily Tribune, Vol. XIV, No. 4,060, April 22, 1854, p. 2. Lewis, E. Anna, "Art and Artists of America: Asher Brown Durand," Graham's Magazine, Philadelphia, Vol. XLV, No. 4, October 1854, p. 321. Tuckerman, Henry T., Book of the Artists, American Artist Life, Comprising Biographical and Critical Sketches of American Artists: Preceded by an Historical Account of the Rise and Progress of Art in America, New York: P. Putnam & Son, 1867, p. 189. Sheldon, G. W., American Painters: With Eighty-Three Examples of their Work Engraved on Wood, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1879, p. 129-30. Clement, Clara Erskine, and Hutton, Laurence, Artists of the Nineteenth Century and their Works: A Handbook Containing Two Thousand and Fifty Biographical Sketches, Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1880, Vol. I, p. 227. Executor's Sale, Studies in Oil by Asher B. Durand, N.A., Deceased, Ortgies' Art Gallery, New York, April 13 and 14, 1887. Huntington, Daniel, Asher B. Durand: A Memorial Address, New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1887, p. 33-4. Durand, John, The Life and Times of Asher B. Durand, (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1894; Reprint, Hensonville, NY: Black Dome Press, 2007), p. 175. Johnson, Rossiter, ed., The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans: Brief Biographies of Authors, Administrators, Clergymen, Commanders, Editors, Engineers, Jurists, Merchants, Officials, Philanthropists, Scientists, Statesmen, and Others Who Are Making American History, Boston: The Biographical Society, 1904, Vol. III n.p. Catalogue of the Gallery of Art of The New York Historical Society, New York: Printed for the Society, 1915, p. 42. "Asher B. Durand and European Art," The Art Journal, Vol. XXI, Summer 1962, pp. 250, 254. Lawall, David B., Asher Brown Durand: His Art and Art Theory in Relation to his Times, Submitted to Princeton University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, March 1966, pp. 161-3, 367-70, 478-81, 664, 681-4. Lawall, David B., Asher B. Durand: A Documentary Catalogue of the Narrative and Landscape Paintings, New York & London, Garland Publishing, Inc., 1978, p. 101. Koke, Richard J., American Landscape and Genre Paintings in the New York Historical Society, Vol. I, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1982, p. 336. Foshay, Ella M., and Novak, Barbara, Intimate Friends: Thomas Cole, Asher B. Durand, William Cullen Bryant, New York: The New-York Historical Society, 2000, p. 55. Smith, Alvy Ray, compiled by, Dr. John Durand (1664-1727) of Derby Connecticut: His Family Through Four Generations Featuring the Branch of His Youngest Son Ebenezer Durand Through Ten Generations to 2003, Boston: Newbury Street Press, 2003, p. 217. Leggio, Gail, "Nature's Presence: Asher B. Durand and American Landscape," American Arts Quarterly, Spring 2007, pp. 10-1, 14-5, 18. Ferber, Linda S., ed., Kindred Spirits Asher B. Durand and the American Landscape, Brooklyn Museum, 2007, pp. 181-4, 203, 218, Chronology.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group