Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus), Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus), Small-headed Flycatcher (Sylvania microcephala)?, Black Phoebe (Sayornis nigricans), Blue Mountain Warbler (Syl. mont)?, Western Wood-Pewee (Contopus sordidulus), Havell plate no. 434

Object Number: 
1863.17.434
Date: 
1836
Medium: 
Watercolor, graphite, pastel, and gouache with touches of black ink on paper, laid on card
Dimensions: 
Paper: 21 1/4 x 11 5/8 in. (54 x 29.5 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Inscriptions: 
Inscribed at middle left in graphite: "Muscicapa Phoebe, Lath. / Tyrannula Richardsoni, Sur.[?] --"; at lower left: "Blue Mountain Warbr, / Sylvia montana / Will."; at lower center: "Muscicapa Phoebe, Lath."; below, in another hand: "muscicapa Phoebe [Short-legged Pewit Flycatcher] [61]"; below[erased]: "Columbia River May 29 1836."; at lower right: "Figuars[?] to be here --"; above, in another hand: "[rocky mountain Flycatcher] [60] / (Muscicapa nigricans)"; at middle right diagionally: "Little tyrannt Flycatcher -- / Muscicapa (Tyrannulla) pusilla? Swains."; above: "Brown eyed Vireo. / Vireo Bartrami. Swains."; at right vertically along border[seven lines of erased, illegible inscription]: "The... / parts... / C... / Co... / portion... / contain..."; birds numbered with two systems clockwise from lower right: "1"; "5"; "2"; "6"; "4"; "3"; "46"; "49"; "47"; "2"; "3"; "65"; at lower right corner: "434"
Description: 
From upper to lower: Yellow-green Vireo, a race of the Red-eyed Vireo; Small-headed Flycatcher[?]; Least Flycatcher; Black Phoebe; Blue Mountain Warbler[?]; Western Wood-Pewee; two of the birds are mystery birds, never again being identified or collected
Gallery Label: 
"Small-headed flycatcher" painted in Kentucky and the "Blue mountain warbler," based on a specimen in the Zooligical Society of London, have yet to be properly identified; The yellow-green vireo was painted from a specimen procured by William Swainson in Mexico
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group