Soldier's escutcheon of John T. Lockman (1834-1912)

Object Number: 
2012.6
Date: 
ca. 1880
Medium: 
Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 
Overall: 38 x 31 in. (96.5 x 78.7 cm)
Description: 
Painting depicts quartered shield designating the ranks, positions, units, and battles of Brigadier General John T. Lockman; shield enclosed by foliate surround and topped with eagle; soldier's name and rank in ribbon below. Painting in original gilt plaster frame with beaded lining.
Gallery Label: 
Soldier’s escutcheons or memorials, which graphically illustrate a soldier’s military career, were popular during and after the Civil War. This example was made after the war to summarize the prodigious career of Brigadier General John T. Lockman (1834-1912), a New Yorker who served for the full duration of the war in several regiments, including the 119th New York Volunteers. A young law student at the outbreak of the war, he enlisted as a private in Company C of the 9th Regiment, New York State Militia. Climbing the ranks, Lockman was a commissioned officer participating at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and other major battles. He also participated in the siege of Atlanta, and was brevetted brigadier-general “for meritorious services in the capture of Atlanta.” At the close of the war he continued his law studies and went on to work for the New York firm of DeWitt, Lockman & DeWitt. The Lockman escutcheon was painted by the firm of J.P. Reynolds & Company of Salem, Massacusetts. In 1868, John P. Reynolds patented a system of displaying a veteran’s service record as a work of art, using a quartered shield to designate the veteran’s ranks, positions, units, and the battles in which he participated. Reynolds displayed examples at the 1876 Centennial Exposition, including escutcheons of well-known leaders such as General Ulysses Grant and William T. Sherman.
Credit Line: 
Gift of the family of John Lockman Helmuth, Sr., Grandson of John T. Lockman
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group