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Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos)

Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos)
Title
Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos)
Date 
c. 1554-1564
Medium 
Watercolor, gouache, white lead pigment, and brown and black ink over black chalk on ivory paper, laid on paper, formerly laid on an album page
Dimensions 
Overall: 8 1/8 x 12 5/8 in. (20.6 x 32.1 cm), irregular
Description 
Avian Study
Credit Line 
Gift of Nathaniel H. Bishop
Object Number 
1889.10.4.5
Marks 
Inside cover of Album 1 contains a printed catalogue description reading: "Drawings of European Birds, a Collection of upwards of 200 Drawings, most beautifully executed colours, of European Birds, taken from Nature, and most faithfully copied with a view to be published; but from the death of the artists M. la Grese, and M. Petit, they never were engraved. Most of them are accompanied with their names, in 4 large vols. oblong folios, formerly in the Duke of Devonshire's Collection"
Inscriptions 
Inscribed at upper center: 7 /11/ Along right edge vertically: > At left: Turdus viscivorus minor / Grive commune. Petite Grive / Viscivorus Turdus minor alter nonnihil abdit / In pennis flavum; maiorem cætera spirant. / De eodem. / Viscivorus Turdus quiddam minor abdo sub ala / Flavum; maiori cætera sat similis. / De eodem. / Ut maior Turdus nostris est notus in oris / Viscivorus minor, & suavis, ut ille, minus / Vel sic, / Ut maior nostris est Turdus notus in oris / Viscivorus minor & minus hic incundus ut ille / L'autheur / B. Textor. With text in French, Greek, and Latin [see unicode field] including the following credits: At lower center: Le peintre / Isaac la Grese. / L'escrivain / Thomas Huilier.
Provenance 
The Duke of Devonshire, Chatsworth, England; John Cassin, Philadelphia, 1869; M.Thomas & Sons, Philadelphia, 1872; Nathaniel H. Bishop, Toms River, New Jersey
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group