Teapot

Object Number: 
1915.20
Date: 
ca. 1695
Medium: 
Silver, wood
Dimensions: 
Overall: 7 1/2 x 8 3/4 x 5 in. (19.1 x 22.2 x 12.7 cm) Silver Weight: 16 oz (troy) 4.7 dwt (505 g)
Marks: 
Mark: stamped on base, four times around the center punch: demi-horse or unicorn in a square Inscription: engraved at right of handle: "J E S" in a reverse cipher
Description: 
Wrought silver teapot; squat pear-shaped body on an applied reeded footring; slightly flared reeded rim with an engraved waved line below; high domed lid with a cast finial with a central knop; lid hinged onto the upper handle socket with a plain flange; straight seamed and tapered spout; handle sockets cylindrical in section and fitted with a wooden c-scroll handle; engraved on both sides, left of the handle are the Schuyler arms, a hand and a clothed arm cut off at the elbow holding a falcon with a ribbon about its neck, in a shield surrounded by foliate scrolls and surmounted by a falcon with a ribbon around its neck on an armored head; left of handle, leaf garland around a reverse cipher with the initials, "JES" and a chaplet of leaves and roses above; maker's marks on the base.
Gallery Label: 
This vessel is possibly the oldest extant teapot made in New York. The attribution of this vessel to Kiliaen Van Rensselaer was first made in 1960, when the same demihorse mark was noted on a porringer made around 1696 for Samuel Bayard (1669-1746) and his wife, Margaret Van Cortlandt (1674-1719). The teapot bears the coat of arms of the Schuyler family on one side and a cipher with the initials of Johannes Schuyler (1668-1747) and his wife, Elizabeth (Elsie) Staats Wendell (ca. 1658-1737), on the other. The marriage chaplet above the cipher and the surrounding feathery wreath tied with a bow indicate that the teapot commemorates the couple's marriage and suggest a date of manufacture around the time of their wedding in 1695.
Bibliography: 
Hofer, Margaret K. "Seventeenth-and eighteenth-century family silver." The Magazine Antiques 167 (2005): 156-160.
Credit Line: 
Bequest of Major Philip Schuyler
Provenance: 
Johannes Schuyler (1668-1747) and Elizabeth (Elsie) Staats Wendell (ca. 1658-1737); to their son Johannes Schuyler (1697-1741), who married Cornelia Van Cortlandt (1698-1762); to their son Philip Schuyler (1733-1804), who married Catherine Van Rensselaer (1734-1803); probably to their son Philip Jeremiah (1768-1835), who married (2nd) Mary Anna Sawyer (1781-1852); to their son George Lee Schuyler (1811-1890), who married Eliza Hamilton (1811-1863); to their son Philip Schuyler (1836-1906), the donor.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group