Tureen

Tureen
Title
Tureen
Date 
ca. 1800
Medium 
Silver
Dimensions 
Overall: 9 5/8 x 16 1/2 x 8 5/8 in. ( 24.4 x 41.9 x 21.9 cm )
Description 
Wrought silver tureen with a cover; rectangular body, with an inverted pear-shaped rectangular lower half, which is highlighted by an applied, beaded band; applied, beaded band around the rim; body seated on a high, rectangular, stepped foot with a beaded band applied around the footring; two, cast squared handles covered with acanthus leaves, applied to the sides; rectangular, stepped and domed cover with a band of beading mid-way and surmounted by a domed rectangular finial with beading around its center; cover and the front center of the body engraved with the Lenox family crest, a crowned lion passant guardant; maker's mark on the base; pseudo English hallmarks stamped below the rim on the right side.
Credit Line 
Bequest of Waldron Phoenix Belknap, Jr.
Object Number 
1950.253ab
Marks 
engraved: on cover and center front: Lenox family crest, a crowned lion passant guardant stamped: on the base: "H * WISHART" in roman letters in a rectangle between eagles in circles stamped: on right side below rim: pseudo English hallmarks, a bust in an oval, a crowned leopard's head in a shield, a lion passant in a rectngle and a roman "C" in an oval
Gallery Label 
This tureen is part of a set of three rare in American silver. Most surviving examples in the "true" or "correct" style, as it was known during the period, mimic ancient vase forms, or are elliptical or boat-shaped. In its restrained design, with spare beaded ornament, this set is similar to the oblong, English Neoclassical examples made during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. According to the donor, these unusual tureens were manufactured in New York "to complement the Dinner Service . . . made for Mr. Lenox in London." Indeed, the tureens are clearly compatible with Lenox's imported platters, plates, and covered dishes (1950.254-5). Following English tradition, each tureen was engraved with the Lenox family crest.
Provenance 
Robert Lenox (1759-1839), who married Rachel Carmer (1763-1843); probable descent (soup and one sauce tureen), to their daughter Rachel Carmer Lenox (b. 1792), who married David Sproat Kennedy (1791-1853); to their son James Lenox Kennedy (1823-1864), who married Cornelia Van Rensselaer (1836-1864); to their son Henry Van Rensselaer Kennedy (1863-1912), who married Marian Robbins (1862-1946); to their daughter Rachel Lenox Kennedy Porter (1887-1962), who married (2nd) Graeme Donald (1884-1928); consigned by Mrs. Graeme Donald to Robert Ensko Inc., New York City; purchased in 1937 by Waldron Phoenix Belknap, Jr., the donor. Second sauce tureen acquired by Francis P. Garvan, probably prior to 1931; sold in 1939 by John Marshall Phillips, Yale University Art Gallery, to Waldron Phoenix Belknap, Jr. (1899-1949), the donor.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group