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Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii), Havell plate no. 45; sketch of a bird beak

Object Number: 
1863.17.45
Date: 
1822
Medium: 
Watercolor and graphite with touches of pastel, black ink, and gouache and selective glazing on paper, laid on card
Dimensions: 
Paper: 18 9/16 x 11 3/4 in. (47.1 x 29.8 cm) Mat: 29 x 23 in. (73.7 x 58.4 cm)
Inscriptions: 
Inscribed at lower left in brown ink: "No 9. Plate 45. -- / Fort of Arkansa / April 17th 1822. John. J. Audubon"; at lower right in graphite: "Traill's Flycatcher -- / Muscicapa Traillii / [line erased and scraped out]"; below in brown ink: "Muscicapa palustris / Plant Vulgo. Sweet Gum. / Liquidamber Styraciflua"; to right of tail feathers: "12"; erased inscriptions in lower register
Description: 
Audubon originally named this bird Traill's Fylcatcher for Thomas S. Traill (1781-1862; Orcadian professor of medical jurisprudence at the University of Edinburgh), who introduced Audubon in Edinburgh and whose name persists in the Latin species name.
Gallery Label: 
The background flora has been identified as Sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua).
Credit Line: 
Purchased for the Society by public subscription from Mrs. John J. Audubon
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group