Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella), Female

Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella), Female
Title
Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella), Female
Date 
c. 1554-1564
Medium 
Watercolor, gouache, and touches of black ink over black chalk on ivory paper, laid on paper, formerly laid on an album page
Dimensions 
Overall: 7 3/4 x 9 1/4 in. (19.7 x 23.5 cm), irregular
Description 
Avian Study
Credit Line 
Gift of Nathaniel H. Bishop
Object Number 
1889.10.4.18
Marks 
Inside cover of Album 1 contains a printed catalogue description reading: "Drawings of European Birds, a Collection of upwards of 200 Drawings, most beautifully executed colours, of European Birds, taken from Nature, and most faithfully copied with a view to be published; but from the death of the artists M. la Grese, and M. Petit, they never were engraved. Most of them are accompanied with their names, in 4 large vols. oblong folios, formerly in the Duke of Devonshire's Collection"
Inscriptions 
Inscribed at upper center: 20 [in a box] / /25/ At left: Chloris campestris foemina. / Verdoine champestre femelle. / Anticam Chloris pallida partem / Foemina formosum cœtera reddo marem. / De eadem. / Antica Chloris campestris pallida parte / Foemina te reliquis pennis mas reddo venuste. / L'autheur / B. Textor At lower center: Le peintre. / Michel Petit. / L'escrivain. / Thomas Huilier.
Provenance 
The Duke of Devonshire, Chatsworth, England; John Cassin, Philadelphia, 1869; M.Thomas & Sons, Philadelphia, 1872; Nathaniel H. Bishop, Toms River, New Jersey
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group