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Patricia D. Klingenstein Library
Records for the majority of the Patricia D. Klingenstein Library's collections are available through the Klingenstein Library's online catalog. Please contact the reference staff if you have any questions or are not finding what you are looking for.
A small portion of the Library’s printed collections are now stored offsite. Any item with the designation of “Offsite” on a catalog record may be requested for onsite use in the Library’s reading room. Please keep in mind that it will it will take between two (2) and five (5) business days for collections to arrive, and you should plan your research accordingly. A list of call number ranges being stored offsite can be found here.
Collections Request System
In addition to our online resources, there are many research tools available in the library's reading room. On-site users can access digitized primary source documents from the New-York Historical Society in Gateway to North America: The People Places, & Organizations of 19th Century New York and digitized Revolutionary War Orderly Books. The library's menu collection and collection of September 11, 2001 ephemera can be searched using on-site databases. Other subscription databases include American National Biography, American Periodical Series, Ancestry.com, Grove Art Online, Harper's Weekly, Journal of American History, JSTOR Early Journal Content, New York Online Virtual Library, Oxford English Dictionary, and ProQuest Historical Newspapers New York Times. Click here for more descriptive information.
The holdings of the Patricia D. Klingenstein Library are especially strong for the Colonial and Revolutionary War periods. This guide covers the years 1775 to 1783, with the inevitable steps forward and backward. The geographic scope reflects the library collections for this time period: all 13 colonies and the contiguous territories. The points of view of all participants, including foreign governments and other allies, are represented.
The purpose of this guide is to introduce the researcher to the kinds of resources—reference books, manuscripts, newspapers, broadsides, pamphlets, maps, prints, and current historical journals—available at the Library, and to outline the ways in which these materials can be identified and used.
Please keep in mind that the collections are divided into three main areas—general printed collections; manuscripts; and prints, photographs and architectural drawings—and that the librarians and curators in each of those areas are the best guides to the collections. This guide is meant as a complement to the assistance provided by those librarians and curators, so please be sure to approach them with any specific questions you may have.
Because so many of the collections from this time period are rare, and often fragile, researchers will be brought surrogate formats—microfilm, microfiche, photostatic copies and Readex cards—when available. Original materials are reserved for exhibitions, photography and digitization. Photographic reproductions of most materials may be ordered through the Department of Rights and Reproductions. For more information about this service, please ask at the Library's main reference desk or call (212) 485-9282.
In order to help preserve the Library's collections for future generations, please handle all collections with care, and abide by the Library's general guidelines as well as the guidelines for using individual collections.
Getting Started: The American Revolution in Context
** Note on Reference Books: While most of the holdings of the Library are housed in closed stacks, many reference books are available on shelves in the reading room. These are indicated in this guide with the words "Reading Room Reference." For all other books, please fill out call slips and submit them at the main reference desk.
The following sources, about United States and New York City history, contain a significant amount of information about the Colonial and Revolutionary War periods and are recommended for those just beginning their research.
- Carruth, Gorton, ed. The Encyclopedia of American Facts and Dates. 7th ed. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1979. [Ask at Reference Desk]. Day-by-day chronological charts are divided into four categories of description: politics and government, literature and the arts, science and social sciences, and popular culture and pastimes.
- Foner, Eric and John A. Garraty, eds. The Reader's Companion to American History. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1991. [Reading Room Reference]. The entries in this volume, of varied lengths, include numerous cross-references and the citation of at least one source for further reading.
- Ketz, Louise Bilebof, ed. Dictionary of American History. 8 vols. New York: Scribner's, 1976. [Reading Room Reference]. Short and medium-length entries are listed alphabetically in this eight volume set; the index is in the last volume.
- Zinn, Howard. A People's History of the United States. New York: Harper and Row, 1980. [Call No. E169.1 Z53]. See especially the chapters "Tyranny is Tyranny" and "A Kind of Revolution," which offer a class-based interpretation of the fight for independence.
New York City History
- Burrows, Edwin G. and Mike Wallace. Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. [Reading Room Reference]. Tracing New York City history from its known beginnings until 1898, this volume incorporates much modern scholarship and social history into a thorough, readable narrative. Its well-organized chapters are excellent starting points for delving into specific topics; the work is marred only by poor endnotes.
- Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. Encyclopedia of New York City. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995. [Reading Room Reference]. Chronologically comprehensive, this source offers short, medium and long entries about all aspects of the city's history. An index supplements the alphabetical access; bibliographies are included for most entries.
- Stokes, I.N. Phelps. The Iconography of Manhattan Island, 1498-1919. 6 vols. New York: Arno Press, 1915. [Reading Room Reference]. This unique source, which chronicles Manhattan history from 1498 to 1919, includes numerous illustrations and maps. It's best to begin by looking at the index (volume 6) or the day-by-day chronology (volume 4), which is useful as an end in itself and also in its listing of contemporary sources. A librarian can assist you with the use of its complex arrangement.
The American Revolution
- Bailyn, Bernard. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Enl. Ed. Cambridge, MA: Belknap & Harvard, 1992. [JA84.U5 B3 1992]. The politics of the Revolution as revealed through the writing of the time, especially pamphlets. Contains outstanding footnotes.
- Raphael, Ray. A People's History of the American Revolution. New York: The New Press, 2001. [E275.A2 R37 2001]. The American Revolution as experienced by different groups of people-"rank and file rebels," "fighting men and boys," women, loyalists and pacifists-is conveyed through excerpts from letters, diaries and newspapers of the time. Excellent footnotes.
- Rhodehamel, John, ed. The American Revolution: Writings from the War of Independence. New York: Library of America, 2001. [E203.A579 2001]. Over a hundred writings by famous and lesser known figures in the Revolution, with substantial notes, biographical profiles, chronology of events and index.
- Ward, Harry. The American Revolution: Nationhood Achieved, 1763-1788. New York: St. Martin's, 1995. [E208.W275 1995]. Issues and controversies contributing to the Revolutionary movements are explored, as are key campaigns and battles, how Americans were affected by the creation of state and national governments. Includes a substantial bibliography.
- Wood, Gordon S. The Radicalism of the American Revolution. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1992. [E209.W65 1992]. Tenets of monarchy, republicanism and democracy are explored as the author argues that the American Revolution radically transformed society rather than preserved the existing social structures.
Encyclopedias, Atlases & Almanacs
- Barnes, Ian. The Historical Atlas of the American Revolution. New York: Routledge, 2000. [E208.B36 2000]. Includes two indexes-general and map name; a chronology, biographical notes and bibliography.
- Boatner III, Mark Mayo. Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. New York: David McKay Company, Inc., 1976. [Ask at Reference Desk]. Narrative entries vary in length; those about battles include maps, statistics, and descriptions of troop movements and engagements.
- Cappon, Lester J., editor. Atlas of Early American History: The Revolutionary Era, 1760-1790. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1976. [Reading Room Reference]. Map technology of the twentieth century is used to present details of the Revolutionary Era: boundaries; Indian settlements; population according to race, ethnicity and religion; types and locations of commerce and industry; battles and campaigns.
- Faracher, John Mack, ed. Encyclopedia of Colonial and Revolutionary America. New York: Facts on File, 1990. [Reading Room Reference]. Alphabetically listed medium-length entries describe people, places and terms; an index supplements the alphabetical access.
- Nebenzahl, Kenneth and Don Higginbotham. Atlas of the American Revolution. Chicago: Rand McNally & Company, 1974. [Reading Room Reference]. This chronological narrative features reproductions of numerous maps and other illustrations. In addition to a general index, there is a list of participants which identifies key people by allegiance and profession, e.g. soldier, diplomat, lawyer.
- Purvis, Thomas L. Revolutionary America, 1763-1800. New York: Facts on File, 1995. [Reading Room Reference]. This source presents basic data about the period-chronologies, demographic and economic statistics, election data, state profiles, biographical notes-in a single volume, complete with index and black & white illustrations.
- Garraty, John A. & Mark C. Carnes, eds. American National Biography. 24 vols., New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. [Reading Room Reference]. The medium-length entries in this source are especially thorough and include bibliographies and indications of archival repositories. Because this is not a comprehensive source, it's important to look in other dictionaries of American biography, located adjacent to ANB, including its predecessor:
- Johnson, Allen, ed. Dictionary of American Biography. 29 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1928-1937. [Reading Room Reference]
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume 1607-1896. Chicago, IL: A.N. Marquis Co., 1963. [Reading Room Reference]
- Palmer, Gregory. Biographical Sketches of Loyalists of the American Revolution. London: Meckler Publishing, 1984. [Reading Room Reference]. Entries include varying degrees of biographical information-geographical background, actions taken during the Revolution, and legal claims. The introduction offers background concerning Loyalist research and its historiography, as well as statistics and charts. Loyalist regiments, with organization and disbandment dates, are also listed.
- Purcell, L. Edward. Who Was Who in the American Revolution. New York: Facts on File, 1993. [E206.P87 1993]. Those profiled include political figures, soldiers, British leaders, French allies, diplomats and spies.
- White, J. Todd, and Lesser, Charles H., ed. Fighters for Independence: A Guide to Sources of Biographical Information on Soldiers and Sailors of the American Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977. [Call No.: Z1238.W45]. Refers researchers to reference and manuscript sources, including documents in The New-York Historical Society library collections.
Military Personnel: Muster Rolls, Registers & Indexes
These lists identify personnel and also provide insight into the structure and economics of the military for this time period. In addition to the sources listed here, the library also holds lists of military personnel for each of the colonies. Search the card and online catalogs under United States-History-Revolution-Registers, lists, etc. to identify and call for these. Please see also A Guide to Military History Guides.
- Muster and Pay Rolls of the War of the Revolution, 1775-1783. 2 vols. New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1914-1915. [Reading Room Reference]. These volumes present Revolutionary War muster and pay rolls from the library's collections, listed according to state with a name index at the end of the second volume. There are also indications of illness, desertion and discharges for some military personnel.
- D.A.R. Patriot Index. Washington, DC: National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Centennial Administration, 1990. [Reading Room Reference]. Lists place and date of birth and death, marriage information, and rank of this group's Patriot ancestors. Not all entries are complete.
- Heitman, Francis B. Historical Register of the Officers of the Continental Army During the War of the Revolution, April, 1775 to December, 1783. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1973. [Reading Room Reference]. The heart of the text is an alphabetical list of Continental Army officers that includes state or country of origin, rank, years of service, and casualties (if applicable). The book also includes entries for regiments and their officers and charts pertaining to other services performed by Continental officers (for example, a list of aides-de-camp and secretaries to General Washington).
- White, Virgil D., transcriber. Index to Revolutionary War Service Records. Waynesboro, TN: The National Historical Publishing Company, 1995. [Reading Room Reference]. Index to nearly 400,000 military service records of Revolutionary War Army and Navy personnel, located at the National Archives, as well as some civilians who performed service during the war. Content of each entry may vary, but generally includes branch, unit, rank and state for which service was performed.
- Bunnell, Paul J. The New Loyalist Index. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, Inc., 1989. [Reading Room Reference]. Lists birth, marriage and death dates, original residence, place of relocation during or after Revolution, occupation, claim and regiment. Not all entries are complete. According to the introduction, it is the author's attempt to list the known facts of Loyalists who migrated during the Revolution, including records from New Brunswick, Canada, the Bahamas and the American seaboard.
- Ford, Washington Chauncey, comp. British Officers Serving in the American Revolution, 1774-1783. Brooklyn, NY: Historical Printing Club, 1897. [Reading Room Reference]. Lists rank, regiment and date of commission of British Officers.
- A List of the General and Field-Officers, As They Rank in the Army; of the Officers in the Several Regiments of Horse, Dragoons, and Foot on the British and Irish Establishments. London: Admiralty Office, Whitehall, published annually. [Ask at Reference Desk]. This source is commonly referred to as the "Army List." Volumes from the Revolutionary period contain an alphabetical index.
- Peterson, Clarence Stewart, comp. Known Military Dead During the Revolutionary War, 1775-1783. Baltimore, MD: Peterson, 1952. [Ask at Reference Desk]. This alphabetical list of military dead includes name, rank, regiment, and date of death. It also distinguishes between combat and disease related deaths.
New York City
- New York in the Revolution as Colony and State: A Compilation of Documents and Records. Albany: J.B. Lyon and Co., 1904. [Reading Room Reference]. This source includes lists of soldiers in New York regiments of the Continental Army and militias.
- Ranlet, Philip. The New York Loyalists. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1986. [E277.R25 1986]. A valuable modern history of the activities and sentiments of the white population that remained loyal to the British crown before, during, and after the Revolutionary War. The study suggests that loyalists were less numerous and united in the colony and state of New York than commonly asserted.
- Tiedemann, Joseph S. Reluctant Revolutionaries: New York City and the Road to Independence. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997. [F128.4.T54 1997]. This history carefully documents the events in New York City leading up to the Declaration of Independence and continually addresses the question of why New Yorkers were reluctant to rebel. The author emphasizes the heterogeneity of the city's population and interests and demonstrates the political skill acquired by activists who brought about a final consensus for independence.
- Calver, William Louis, and Reginald Pelham Bolton. History Written with Pick and Shovel: Military Buttons, Belt-Plates, Badges, and other Relics Excavated from Colonial, Revolutionary, and War of 1812 Camp Sites by the Field Exploration Committee of the New-York Historical Society. New York: The New-Historical Society, 1950. [Reading Room Reference]. Organized on both a site-by-site basis and an analysis of various period objects. Please Note: Calver and Bolton's field exploration records are available in the Manuscript Department; Photographs from this field exploration are available in the Department of Print, Photograph and Architectural Collections.
- Coggins, Jack. Ships and Seamen of the American Revolution: Vessels, Crews, Weapons, Gear, Naval Tactics, and Actions of the War for Independence. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1969. [Call No.: XN E271.C63]. A guide to naval warfare in the Revolution including charts, illustrations, statistics and a chronology of naval engagements.
- Lefferts, Lt. Charles M. Uniforms of the British, French, and German Armies in the War of the American Revolution, 1775-1783. New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1926. [Reading Room Reference]. This text includes descriptions of military uniforms, with illustrations and accounts from contemporary newspapers. Entries are on a regimental basis, and include lists of references. The author describes appearances, fabrics, origins of styles, and utilitarian variations frequently adopted by soldiers in the field. Images from the text are also available online at http://www.walika.com/sr/uniforms/uniforms.htm.
Manuscripts, Newspapers, Broadsides, Maps & Periodicals
The Manuscript Department's holdings generated by, and relating to, the American Revolution are extensive, both in breadth and depth. They document the waging of this war from numerous perspectives at many levels of the struggle, from the elite (e.g., letters and general orders of George Washington and of his various aides-de-camp and generals) to the ordinary (muster rolls, ordnance reports, descriptions of guard duty, soldiers' letters and diaries), including one of the largest Collections of Revolutionary War orderly books.
The manuscript collections are being systematically cataloged online. A large and growing percentage of catalog records for manuscripts may be accessed through NYU's BobCat system. Researchers in the reading room should be sure to check both the online and card catalogs for the manuscript department. See the Using the Catalogs section of this guide for more information on BobCat. The manuscript department's online catalog records employ the same call phrases as the card catalog.
The New-York Historical Society's collection of Revolutionary War-era newspapers is one of the largest in the nation. Virtually every newspaper published in the colonies is represented, and many are in near-complete runs. They tell the story from the press's vociferous and imaginative protests against the Stamp Act in 1765 to the unusual banner headlines that announced the victory at Yorktown in 1781.
While American newspapers published during the Revolution are valuable historical tools, they do present unique problems as primary sources. The very number of 18th-century newspapers is limited as they were generally published weekly and in only one or two cities in each colony. Wartime pressures, scarcity of paper and the British occupation of Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Charleston at various times during the conflict severely disrupted their publication. Some patriot newspapers summarily ceased publishing as the British army approached their city, while others resumed, at best, an irregular printing schedule in exile in outlying areas. Once the fighting began, newspapers that were even mildly Loyalist in orientation rarely survived mob pressure in American cities without the protection of the British army. Hence it is unlikely that researchers will find a Tory and patriot viewpoint simultaneously expressed in newspapers in any given city after 1775, and there were even short periods when major American cities had no newspaper at all.
Because of these unusual publication conditions, it is recommended that researchers consult secondary sources before beginning their newspaper research. The following titles are especially useful:
- Lathem, Edward Connery, comp. Chronological Tables of American Newspapers 1690-1820. Barre, MA: American Antiquarian Society & Barre Publishers, 1972. [Ask at Reference Desk]. This work gives a precise delineation of the very complicated publication history of newspapers by indicating-in chart form-which newspapers were published when in each city.
- Mott, Frank Luther. American Journalism. rev. ed. New York: Macmillan, 1950. [Ask at Reference Desk]. The chapters "Patriots and Loyalists" and "Covering the Revolution" of this history of American newspapers are helpful in putting newspapers in historical context. From Mott, the reader can get a sense of which newspapers were patriot or Loyalist and to what degree, and how much influence and respect each carried.
- Brigham, Clarence S. History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690–1820. 2 vols. Worcester, MA: American Antiquarian Society, 1947. [Reading Room Reference]. This is the standard bibliography of American newspapers published before 1820. It provides a detailed publication history of each paper with emphasis on the identity of the editor (editors and publishers were generally one and the same), along with a meticulous documentation of title changes. Brigham also provides a precise list of the repositories that hold original copies of the issues. While this information is still remarkably accurate for original issues, it is superseded in the respect that reproductions through microformats have since been made available in many additional locations.
- Jodziewicz, Thomas W. Birth of America: The Year in Review 1763–1783. Glen Rock, NJ: Microfilming Corporation of America, 1976. [Call No.: E187.J63]. This work serves as an index to representative American newspapers for the major events of the Revolution, which are described and listed chronologically. A second index includes noteworthy ancillary topics. The book accompanies a microfilm set of the newspapers that the library does not own, but many of the newspapers themselves are available in the library collections.
Access to the newspaper collection is through the newspaper card catalog available on-site only. For a description of how to use the newspaper catalog, please refer to the research guide entitled A Guide to Newspaper Research at The New-York Historical Society Library.
Researchers must view newspapers in surrogate formats, when available. For more information about the preservation of library collections, please see the Introduction to this guide.
The New-York Historical Society has an extensive collection of broadsides that document the American Revolution and the tumultuous events leading up to it. Broadsides, the technical term for any document, large or small, printed on one side of a single sheet of paper, served as posters, handbills, official proclamations, advertisements, and conveyors of ballads and poetry. They were plastered on walls, distributed by hand or read out loud and are especially important for the study of the Revolutionary period. At a time when newspapers were published one or two times a week, broadsides served as the immediate vehicle for late-breaking news: One can find in The New-York Historical Society's collection the first news of the repeal of the Stamp Act and the arrival of a tea ship at Sandy Hook. They report the latest news brought by Paul Revere from Boston and record how news of the events at Lexington and Concord reached New York. Other examples in the collection include a Boston account of the Battle of Bunker Hill told from the British perspective and an appeal, in their own language, to the Pennsylvania Germans to resist the British army as it approaches Philadelphia in December 1776.
Because broadsides bring a sense of immediacy to very specific long-ago events, they can be a challenge to interpret. Well-documented published histories of the Revolution can thus be very helpful; historians have indeed mined this material, and a surprising number of these broadsides are "explained" within the text or in the footnotes of modern histories. For New York City broadsides, The Iconography of Manhattan Island by I. N. Phelps Stokes is very useful. See the Getting Started section of this guide for more information. Records for all broadsides are available through the Library's online catalog
Researchers should use photostatic copies and other surrogate formats to view broadsides, if available. For more information about the preservation of the library collections, please see the Introduction to this guide.
Pamphlets, like newspapers and broadsides, were a fundamental means of communication during the Revolutionary era. They were cheap, sewn or stapled together, and usually not more than a few pages in length, factors that contributed to an ease of circulation and accessibility. Sermons, legal tracts, poetry, rules and orders, and almanacs were all published in pamphlet form. As disputes increased in the years leading up to the Revolutionary War, pamphlets became a way to document significant events as they happened and also set forth personal polemics.
Thomas Paine's Common Sense, many editions of which are held by the Library, is one of the best-known examples of a personal polemic. This pamphlet was printed in various cities including Philadelphia, New York, Newburyport, Massachusetts and London. Often additions or slight changes were made at the time of a new printing, as was the case with the Philadelphia printing by R. Bell of Third Street, "To which is added an appendix to Common sense: together with an address to the people called Quakers." A rebuttal to Paine, by Charles Inglis, The deceiver unmasked; or, Loyalty and interest united : in answer to a pamphlet entitled Common sense / by a loyal American, is also held by the library.
Pamphlets also documented major events of the time as they were unfolding, as is the case with the pamphlet entitled The votes and proceedings of the freeholders and other inhabitants of the town of Boston, in town meeting assembled, according to law, the 5th and 18th days of November, 1773, which was published in Boston, shortly before the Boston Tea Party.
Events were also documented after-the-fact, often with a clear political agenda, as is the case with An oration, delivered March 5, 1774 : at the request of the inhabitants of the town of Boston : to commemorate the bloody tragedy of the fifth of March 1770, by the honorable John Hancock, Esq.
The following books and articles are recommended for further reading about pamphlets:
- Adams, Thomas R. "The British Pamphlet Press and the American Controversy, 1764- 1783." Reprinted from the Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society 89 (April 1979): 33-88. [Call No.: E209.A32 1979]
- Adams, Thomas R. "American Independence: The Growth of an Idea; a bibliographic study of the American political pamphlets printed between 1764 and 1776 dealing with the dispute between Great Britain and her colonies." In Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts: Transactions 1956-1963. Boston, MA: The Colonial Society of Massachusetts, 1966. [Call No.: F61.C71 v.43]
- Bailyn, Bernard, ed. Pamphlets of the American Revolution, 1750-1776. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1965. [Call No.: E203.B25]
- Calkin, Homer J. "Pamphlets and Public Opinion During the American Revolution." The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 64 (1940): 22-42.
- Jensen, Merrill, comp. Tracts of the American Revolution. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs & Merrill, 1967. [Call No.: E203.J4]
Researchers must view these and other pamphlets in surrogate formats, if available. For more information about the preservation of the library collections, please see the Introduction to this guide.
For the period of the American Revolution, the New-York Historical Society holds a significant number of maps. Chief among them is the series of field sketches and finished maps of projected battle sites in New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and Pennsylvania begun by Robert Erskine, geographer and surveyor-general to the Continental Army, and completed by his successor, Simeon De Witt. The Erskine- De Witt series culminates with the detailed Winter-Cantonment of the American Army and it's [sic] Vicinity for 1783, which shows the final encampment of the Continental forces at New Windsor, New York, during the winter of 1782–83.
An example of a British map of the period is The Theatre of War in North America, with the Roads and a Table of Distances, published by Robert Sayer and John Bennett in London in March 1776, which served to educate the average British subject about the rebellious American colonies in gazetteer fashion by providing "a compendious account" of statistical and geographical information.
Records for the majority of the New-York Historical Society's manuscript maps, including roughly three-quarters of the manuscript maps covering the Revolutionary War, can be found through the online catalog. These maps are classified by Library of Congress subject headings. While one may search online for maps by author (i.e. maker) or title, Revolutionary War maps are easiest to find by doing a subject search. Printed maps in the collection can be identified using an online map database [http://dib.nyu.edu/nyhs/maps].
To pinpoint place names that are unfamiliar or have fallen from current use, consult a gazetteer such as The Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World, listed at the end of this section.
Many Revolutionary War maps have been printed in books or as illustrations to articles in journals and other periodicals. To find these, consult David Sanders Clark's Index to Maps of the American Revolution in Books and Periodicals, listed below, which is arranged geographically by state, with a subject and name index providing additional access points. Please consult the library's online catalog for holdings.
The following titles are merely a sampling of useful works about Revolutionary War maps and their makers. J. B. Harley's Mapping the American Revolutionary War surveys mapping projects during the Revolution and includes a study on the availability and use of maps during the War. Peter J. Guthorn's American Maps and Map Makers of the Revolution is essential to understanding the extensive Erskine-DeWitt series; the library's reference copy has been annotated to reflect its holdings. Guthorn includes biographical sketches of the mapmakers he discusses, but other accounts may be found listed in the card and online catalogs under their surnames, e.g. "Romans, Bernard."
- Adams, Randolph G. British Headquarters Maps and Sketches Used by Sir Henry Clinton While in Command of the British Forces Operating in North America During the War for Independence, 1775-1782. Ann Arbor, MI: The William L. Clements Library, 1928. [Call No.: E267.C65]
- Bedini, Silvio A. "Simeon DeWitt." American National Biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. [Reading Room Reference]
- Clark, David Sanders. Index to Maps of the American Revolution in Books and Periodicals Illustrating the Revolutionary War and Other Events of the Period 1763-1789. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974. [Reading Room Reference]
- Guthorn, Peter J. American Maps and Map Makers of the Revolution. Monmouth Beach, NJ: Philip Freneau Press, 1966. [Reading Room Reference]
- Guthorn, Peter J. British Maps of the American Revolution. Monmouth Beach, NJ: Philip Freneau Press, 1972. [Reading Room Reference]
- Harley, J. B., et al. Mapping the American Revolutionary War. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1978. [Reading Room Reference]
- Heusser, Albert H. George Washington's Map Maker: A Biography of Robert Erskine. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1966. [Call No.: CT.E736H42]
- Marshall, Douglas W. and Howard H. Peckham. Campaigns of the American Revolution: An Atlas of Manuscript Maps. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press, 1976. [Call No.: *E230.M36]
- Nebenzahl, Kenneth. A Bibliography of Printed Battle Plans of the American Revolution 1775-1795. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1975. [Call No.: Z6026.H6N33]
- Seltzer, Leon E., editor. The Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World. New York: Columbia University Press, 1962. [Reading Room Reference]
- Sullivan, Larry E. "The Cartographic Treasures of the New-York Historical Society." Map Collector 34 (March 1986): 28-34. [Call No.: GA300.M29 no.34]
- Stevens, B. F. B. F. Stevens's Facsimile of the Unpublished British Head Quarters Coloured Manuscript Map of New York & Environs  Reproduced from the Original Drawing in the War Office, London. London, 1900. [Ask at Reference Desk]
Researchers should study maps reprinted in books or surrogate formats such as photostatic copies, when available. For more information about the preservation of the library collections, please see the Introduction to this guide.
The library subscribes to a number of current periodicals that contain articles about the American Revolution and other American history topics. These include:
• American Heritage
• American Historical Review
• American History
• Journal of American History
• New York History
• Public Historian
Use the card and online catalogs to find other magazines and journals and their call numbers.
America: History and Life, a multi-volume index available in the hall behind the reading room, lists citations to articles according to author's name and subject and, in the case of book reviews, author of the book being reviewed and reviewer's name. All of the periodicals listed above are indexed through America, as are hundreds of others.
If you are interested in a periodical that the library does not hold, ask a librarian where you can find that title.
Prints & Photographs
Eighteenth century American prints are rare now because they were produced infrequently in the Colonies and their perceived coarseness did not endear them to collectors. However, the events transpiring on this side of the Atlantic were of great concern to European nations; thus there are British and Dutch prints depicting persons and incidents relevant to the American Revolution. There are also 19th century representations of momentous events, the Centennial in 1876 being the impetus of many. The negatives and photoprints of Calver and Bolton's Field Exploration Committee are unique.
Following is a list of the types of prints held by the Department of Print, Photograph and Architectural Collections for this period:
- Portraits: Military heroes in uniform, clergy, lawyers and governors. Arranged alphabetically by last name.
- American history and life: Costumes; battle scenes-including Paul Revere's Boston Massacre and the Nathan Hale, Benedict Arnold and Major André affairs; everyday life, allegories, the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Arranged chronologically according to date of event illustrated.
- Geographic depictions: Views of the original thirteen colonies, especially New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. New York City-Evacuation Day; fictitious views of troops; incidents imagined by European print publishers; and, landings. Arranged geographically according to subject.
- Caricatures: English, Dutch and a few extremely rare American caricatures from 1760s–80s. Arranged chronologically.
For an in-depth analysis of caricatures of this period, see Shadwell, Wendy. "Britannia in Distress," American Book Collector 7 (Jan. & March 1986): 3-12; 11-22. [Call No.: Z990.A52]
Olds Collection: British and American naval prints from the Revolutionary War, especially dramatic battles made famous in slogans, such as "I have not yet begun to fight" (J.P. Jones) and portraits of those captains. Arranged chronologically according to date of event illustrated.
The New-York Historical Society Field Exploration Committee: Photographs of sites and finds from archeological excavations in New York City, conducted in the early 20th century. For further information about this project, see History Written with Pick and Shovel, listed in the Getting Started section of this guide, under Material Culture.
A Guide to Architectural Research at the New-York Historical Society
The purpose of this guide is to introduce the researcher to the printed architectural resources, specifically those relating to New York City, available in the reading room of the Patricia D. Klingenstein Library and at local libraries and city agencies. Please note that the Library's architectural drawings collections are housed with the Department of Print, Photograph and Architectural Collections (x228 or 273), and that architects' papers are housed in the Manuscript Department (x265). For information on those collections, see department finding aids or contact those departments directly.
The following books can help you identify specific architects, buildings, neighborhoods and styles. They may be used as a first step in your research, before going to the Library's catalogs (refer to the Catalogs section of this guide for more information); as a complement to research already in progress; or, as an end in themselves, to answer a specific question or verify a fact. Please ask a librarian to direct you to these books.
Architects and their Commissions
- Francis, Dennis S. Architects in Practice in New York City, 1840-1900. New York: Committee for the Preservation of Architectural Records, 1989.
- Ward, James. Architects in Practice in New York City, 1900-1940. New York: Committee for the Preservation of Architectural Records, 1980.
- Withey, Henry. Biographical Dictionary of American Architects (Deceased). Detroit: Omnigraphics, 1956.
Guides and Directories
- Diamonstein, Barbaralee, The Landmarks of New York III. NY: Abrams, 1998.
- Dolkart, Andrew S. Guide to New York City Landmarks. NY: New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, 1998.
- Norton, Thomas E. and Jerry E. Patterson. Living It Up: A Guide to the Named Apartment Houses of New York. NY: Atheneum, 1984.
- Willensky, Elliot and Norval White. AIA Guide to New York City. 4th ed. NY: Harcourt Brace, 2000.
- Dunshee, Kenneth Holcomb. As You Pass By. NY: Hastings House, 1952.
- Lockwood, Charles. Bricks and Brownstones: the New York Row House 1783-1929. NY: Abbeville, 1972.
- Silver, Nathan. Lost New York, rev. ed. NY: Houghton Mifflin, 2000.
- Stern, Robert A.M. New York 1880. NY: Monacelli Press, 1999.
- ________. New York 1900. NY: Rizzoli, 1983.
- ________. New York 1930. NY: Rizzoli, 1987.
- ________. New York 1960. NY: Monacelli Press, 1995. The endnotes in the Stern books are extensive and detailed. They are a particularly good source of citations to architectural journals.
Except for a limited number of reference books available in the reading room, books and other library materials are housed in closed stacks. Use the catalogs in the reading room to identify the items you'd like to look at, then fill out a call slip for each one and submit them at the reference desk. Please note: only four call slips may be submitted at a time.
It's important to consult both the card catalog and the online computer catalog; if you don't, you'll only be searching a portion of our collections. The online catalog contains records for books acquired since the mid-1980s as well as records for items published in the earlier centuries that have only recently been catalogued. The card catalog contains records for all other catalogued materials. Both list materials according to author, title and subject; the online catalog offers additional searches, such as keyword.
Because the catalogs have evolved over many decades and centuries, subject headings may vary, both within the card catalog and between the card and online catalogs. In some cases, similar subject headings, such as Architects-New York (City) and Architects-New York (NY), will be inter-filed in the card catalog. You may also notice that certain subject headings, such as Architects-New York (State)-New York, only appear online. Most alternate subject headings have been indicated in this guide, but you should also be aware of the "See" and "See Also" references in the catalogs, and follow them as needed.
It's always best to start by looking under the most specific subject headings you can think of, then move on to broader ones, if necessary. For instance, if you know the name of the architect you are interested in, look under that person's name or firm name in the catalogs:
Carrerre & Hastings
Post, George B.
Do this even if you think the person is not well-known: we may have materials published during the person's lifetime even if that person's reputation has not extended into the present. If you don't find anything under the person's name, look under broader subject headings, such as:
Architects-New York (City)
Architects-New York (N.Y.)
Architects-New York (State)-New York
In some cases a building name is used as a subject heading, e.g. Empire State Building or Grand Central Terminal. For most buildings, however, you'll have to search more broadly:
Architecture-New York (City)
Architecture-New York (NY)
Architecture-New York (State)-New York
Buildings-New York (NY)
Housing-New York (NY)
New York (City)-Buildings, structures, etc.
New York (NY)-Buildings, structures, etc.
or by type of building:
Apartment buildings-New York (State)-New York
Apartment houses-New York (City)
Apartment houses-New York (NY)
Hotels, taverns, etc.-New York (NY)
New York (City)-Hotels, taverns, etc.
Office Buildings-New York (City)
Office Buildings-New York (NY)
Tenement Houses-New York (City)
Tenement Houses-New York (NY)
To find materials dealing with specific neighborhoods in New York City, look under the name of the neighborhood:
Greenwich Village (New York, NY)
Harlem (New York, NY)
As well as under:
New York (City)-Sections-Greenwich Village
New York (City)-Sections-Harlem
The New York City section of the catalog can be difficult to use, so please ask a librarian if you need help.
Newspapers and Periodicals
Our periodical holdings are listed by title in the main card catalog. There are separate drawers for our newspaper holdings, at the very end of the main card catalog. These drawers are organized first according to state, then city, then title of newspaper. Refer to our guide to newspaper research for more information.
The best way to find articles in newspapers and periodicals is to use an index, which lists citations to articles according to name and/or subject. The following indexes, available at the Historical Society, can help you in your search:
• The Art Index (1929-present)
• The New York Times Index (September 1851-present)
• The New York Tribune Index (1875-1906)
• Poole's Index to 19th Century Periodicals (1802-1906)
• Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature (1890-present)
Additional indexes, including the Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals, are available at the Art and Architecture Division of the New York Public Library. See the Other Resources section of this guide for more information.
Each volume of an index contains citations for a specific year or years, so it's important to know the approximate years an architect was working or a structure was built. You can find this information by using the books recommended above in the Getting Started section or by asking a librarian for assistance.
Not all of the periodicals cited in the above indexes are available at the Library. If we don't have the journal you are looking for, a librarian can refer you to another library. Here are just a few of the architectural journals in our collection:
• Architectural Record 1891–1913
• Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 1941–
• Real Estate Record (and Guide) 1868–present
There is no general index to the Real Estate Record but a picture index, Real Estate Record and Guide Index to Pictures, will lead the researcher to pictures as well as articles. Only one volume of this picture index, for the years 1885–1918, is available.
Insurance atlases, also known as fire atlases, fire insurance maps and land maps, have been published by various companies, including Perris, Perris & Browne, Bromley & Co. and Sanborn. Our holdings begin with the 1852 edition, covering lower Manhattan. Atlases contain a great deal of useful information including: street addresses; block and lot numbers; an indication of building materials (brick, stone, wood, etc.), number of stories and commercial vs. residential use.
See Diane L. Oswald's Fire Insurance Maps: Their History and Applications (1997) for more information.
Special Architectural Resources
Corsa Building Files
Files containing information about Manhattan hotels are the core of this collection; a limited number of files on Manhattan apartment and office buildings are also available. Some files are quite full, with clippings, floor plans and promotional materials; others are rather thin. Lists of these files are available in the reading room.
Cross & Brown Files
Most of these files contain information about commercial buildings located in Wall Street and midtown. A complete listing of these files is available in the reading room.
These files contain newspaper clippings, brochures and other information filed according to subject. A complete list of the vertical files is available in the reading room. Subject headings related to architecture include (but are not limited to): New York City-Buildings-Restoration and Rehabilitation New York City-Sections-Greenwich Village New York City-Sections-Harlem
Other Resources in New York City
Public Records/Official Agencies
The Library does not hold records of deeds and mortgages, nor does it have architectural and engineering plans, except in a few cases. For official records, please contact the following city agencies:
Department of Buildings This department maintains files which may contain one or more of the following: construction applications, building permits, architectural drawings and plans. Information for Manhattan blocks 1-968 for the years 1866-1975 is also available at the Municipal Archives (see description following). All research must be done in person. Call ahead for hours and additional information or visit their website.
60 Hudson Street, 5th Floor
210 Joralemon Street, 8th Floor
1932 Arthur Avenue
126-06 Queens Boulevard
Register's Offices: Deeds, mortgages and other documents relating to building ownership can be found here. All research must be done in person. Call ahead for hours and additional information.
31 Chambers Street
210 Joralemon Street
1932 Arthur Avenue
144-06 94th Avenue
Municipal Archives: Every building in the five boroughs was photographed between 1939 and 1941 as part of a real property appraisal project. Prints of these black & white photographs can be purchased through the Municipal Archives (212) 788-8580 or online at http://www.nyc.gov/html/records/html/dorisref.html . The Archives is located at 31 Chambers Street.
Landmarks Preservation Commission :The Landmarks Preservation Commission oversees the designation of landmarks and historic districts and all changes or repairs to those buildings and districts.
The Library holds some historic district reports, e.g. NoHo, Upper West Side, and we are in the process of adding a substantial number of reports for individual buildings to our collection. District reports may be found by looking in both the card and online catalogs under the district's name or the subject headings Historic districts-New York (State)-New York and Historic buildings-New York (State)-New York. For more information, call the commission at (212) 487-6800 or log on to their website: www.ci.nyc.ny.us/html/lpc/home.html
- Art & Architecture Division, The New York Public Library, 42nd Street and 5th Avenue, Room 300 , (212) 930-0834, www.nypl.org/research/chss/spe/art/artarc/artarch.html. Here you will find the Avery Index in both print and electronic form, as well as extensive holdings relevant to New York and American architecture. Their website includes an online guide to architectural research at NYPL.
- The Irma and Paul Milstein Division of United States History, Local History and Genealogy, The New York Public Library. 42nd Street and 5th Avenue, Room 121 , (212) 930-0828, www.nypl.org/research/chss/lhg/genea.html. This division houses two photographic collections, Photographic Views of New York City, 1870s to 1970s, and the Lloyd Acker Collection of New York City Photographs 1935-1975. The first is indexed by address, subject and building name; the second is indexed by address. Indexes to the Photographic Views are available at the Historical Society Library, as are microfiche copies of the photographs. If you'd like to view the actual photographs, you must go to NYPL.
A Guide to Newspaper Research at the New-York Historical Society
The pages of a newspaper preserve the flavor of a time as no other chronicle can. Along with reports of key historical events, one can find smaller, though no less important items in newspapers: vital statistics (records of marriages and deaths which can function as substitutes for missing civil or religious registrations), biographical sketches, legal notices, offers of rewards for runaway slaves, public announcements, advertisements, and shipping information. This is history captured as it happened.
The New-York Historical Society holds the fourth largest collection of American newspapers published before 1820: 634 titles by one estimate. To that number must be added the myriad mid-19th to early-20th century New York papers, as well as those published in outlying frontiers of the expanding nation, bringing the total number of titles held close to 10,000. While the collection is strongest in newspapers from New York City and State, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania, it encompasses all 50 states, as well as the District of Columbia.
If the title and place of publication of a newspaper are known, consult the newspaper card catalog. This lists newspapers alphabetically by state, place of publication, and then by title. The words “Morning,” “Evening,” “Daily,” “Weekly,” and the initial article “the” are ignored in the alphabetizing process. And unless it constitutes the entire title of a newspaper, the city of publication is also disregarded. For example, The New-York Weekly Journal is found under “J” for Journal; the New-Yorker (a 19th century newspaper with the same title as the current magazine) under “N” for New.
Under “New York City” you will find most papers historically published in Manhattan. Papers from areas originally outside the pre–1898 consolidation boundaries of New York City—the annexed boroughs of Brooklyn, Staten Island and The Bronx, as well as various localities within Queens (i.e. Far Rockaway, Flushing, Long Island City, etc.)—are filed in the drawers labeled “New York State.” A small number of foreign newspapers—in English and other languages—are listed in the bottom drawer.
The extent of the library’s holdings of a newspaper is noted beneath the title; for lack of space, dates may occasionally continue onto the back of the card. A continuous run is indicated by a hyphen between dates (1837: Jan 28–1842: Aug 30). For a run of several years, the first and last years are given and the intervening years replaced by a hyphen (1824–1869). A comma marks where issues are lacking (1883: Apr 6, 9, 18–27, 30).
The colored stripe running across the top of some catalog cards indicates that a newspaper is:
Blue—available on microfilm
Red—available in Readex Microprint edition
Orange—too fragile to be retrieved
To learn which newspapers the library holds for a location in a given year, consult the chronological file, which is located in three large drawers near the card catalog. The drawers are arranged by state, place of publication, year, and then by titles held for that year. The extent of the holdings must then be checked against the detailed newspaper catalog.
Union lists—catalogs that describe the holdings of multiple libraries—are helpful in determining the titles and dates of publication of newspapers for a given locality. The two most often consulted for United States newspapers, Clarence Brigham’s History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820 and Winifred Gregory's American Newspapers, 1821-1936: A Union List of Files Available in the United States and Canada (see Bibliography) are arranged by state and then locality. The United States Newspaper Project’s New-York Historical Society Holdings, April 1990, lists newspapers alphabetically by title, then place of publication. This is helpful when only the exact title of a paper is known. For example, there are no less than six distinct newspapers titled Evening Star in New-York Historical's collection.
Some publications containing the word “newspaper” in their title, such as Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Weekly Newspaper, are listed as periodicals in the online catalog. If you cannot locate what you believe is a newspaper by the steps outlined above, look for it by title in the online catalog, BobCat, or ask a librarian for assistance.
Requesting, Handling and Copying Newspapers
To request a newspaper, log on to AEON, the library’s automated system, and fill out the appropriate form. Newspapers do not have call numbers, so please include the title, place of publication, and exact date(s) desired.
In cases where we hold the original and microform or photocopied versions of a newspaper, we will retrieve the latter in order to preserve the original from the natural deterioration caused by handling. Old newspapers are fragile and we ask that you use care when turning pages; corners are especially prone to chip. Except for loose issues, which should remain flat on the reading room tables, all bound original newspapers must be used with an oversized cradle. Please refrain from leaning on the pages, and do not write on paper placed on top of the newspaper, as this will leave a damaging impression. If you have questions about the proper handling of newspapers and other library materials, ask a librarian.
With very rare exceptions, original format newspapers—including those bound in volumes—cannot be photocopied. The technology Readex Microprint cards does not permit copying, but newspapers on microfilm can be printed at a cost of $.35 or $.50 per page, depending on the size. Personal scanners are not permitted on library materials, but non-flash photographs can be taken for research purposes only for a daily fee of $15.00 submitted with a signed permission agreement. Images of original newspaper pages may also be purchased through the Department of Rights and Reproductions; for further information call 1-(212)-873-3400, extension 282, or request a fee schedule at the Reference Desk.
Selected General Indexes to New York Newspapers
The contents of very few 18th and 19th century newspapers have been indexed, and those only partially. Advertisements and paid death and marriage notices are usually not indexed, though abstractions have been published for a number of these (see below). The comprehensive New York Times Index often serves as a guide to other nineteenth and twentieth century papers, which usually ran the same stories on the same dates. Some important early African-American newspapers, such as Freedom’s Journal and The Colored American are indexed in Donald M. Jacobs’s Antebellum Black Newspapers (see Bibliography and Newspaper Websites). In addition to the indexes listed below, New-York Historical holds Thomas Farrington De Voe’s Historical Incidents from Newspapers, a unique manuscript chronological index for the years 1704-1850 covering Boston, Hartford, Philadelphia and New York newspapers, with emphasis on the latter.
- Brooklyn Daily Eagle: July 1891–1900
- New York Times: 1851–present [also Personal Name Index to the New York Times Index, 1851–1989]
- New York Tribune: 1875–1906 [in print and on microfilm; print copy lacks 1879, 1894 and 1900; also digitized by Library of Congress at http://www.loc.gov/library/libarch-digital.html ]
- New York World: 1885–1890, 1892
An index unique to the New-York Historical Society is the card file from the offices of The Sun, which indexes that paper and its subsequent name changes for the years outlined below:
- Sun [morning]: January 1913–January 31, 1920
- Combined Sun and New York Herald: February 1, 1920–September 30, 1920
- New York Herald: October 1, 1920–March 18, 1924
Indexes to Genealogical Information in New York Newspapers
- Genealogical Data From Colonial New York Newspapers: material extracted from the New-York Gazette, 1726–1744; the New-York Weekly Journal, 1733–1751; the New-York Mercury, 1751–1768; and the New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 1768–1783 [CS61 .S37]
- Genealogical Data from the New York Post-Boy, 1743-1773 [CS42 .N37 no. 35]
- Rivington’s New York Newspaper: Excerpts from a Loyalist Press, 1773-1783 [reference shelves]
- American Deaths and Marriages, 1784–1829: Taken From Upstate New York Newspapers [F118 .G33] [See also Joseph Gavit’s American Deaths and Marriages: 1784–1829: Index to Non-principals in Microfilm Copies of Abstracts in the New York State Library, Albany, New York; F118 .G331]
- New-York Weekly Museum, 1788–1817: marriages and deaths [F128 .252 .N55]
- The New-York Magazine, Marriages and Deaths, 1790-1797 [F118 .S37]
- New-York Evening Post, 1801–1890: marriages [F128 .252 .N44] and deaths [F128 .252 .N45] [Also in Ancestry.com]
- Commercial Advertiser, 1802–1809, 1827–1832: marriages and deaths [F128 .252 .C7]
- Christian Intelligencer of the Reformed Dutch Church, 1830–1871: marriages [F128 .252 .C3] and deaths [F128 .252 .C4] [Also in Ancestry.com]
- New York Herald, 1835–1876: marriages and deaths [F128 .252 .N52 M2 1987]
- Marriages and Deaths from the New Yorker (Double Quarto Edition), 1836-1841 [F128.25.S39 1980]
- Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 1841–1871: marriages [F128K .252 .B3] and deaths [F128K .252 .B32] [Also in Ancestry.com]
- New York Times, 1858–1978: obituaries [Reading Room Reference]
The following are just a few of the books about newspapers available on the open shelves of the Reading Room or at the Reference Desk, but many others can be found through the online catalog.
- Brigham, Clarence Saunders, History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820 (Worcester, MA: American Antiquarian Society, 1947). [REF Z6951.B86] Brigham’s “Additions and corrections to History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820” appeared in the Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society 72 (1961), 15-62. [REF E172 .A35 n.s. v.71]
- Emery, Michael, “Newspapers,” in The Encyclopedia of New York City, Kenneth T. Jackson, editor (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995), 809-821. [REF F128 .3 .E75 1995]
- Fox, Louis H., New York City Newspapers, 1820-1850: A Bibliography (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1928). [Reading Room Reference]
- Gottesman, Rita, The Arts and Crafts in New York: Advertisements and News Items from New York City Newspapers, 3 vols. (New York: The New-York Historical Society, 1938-1965). [Reading Room Reference]
- Gregory, Winifred, American Newspapers, 1821-1936: A Union List of Files Available in the United States and Canada. 1937. Reprint. (New York: Kraus, 1967). [REF *Z6945 .A53 1967]
- Clarke, Avis G., An alphabetical index to the titles in American newspapers… (Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International, 1983). [REF Z6945 .A54 Index]
- Hansen, James L., “Research in Newspapers,” in The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy, revised edition, Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Leubking, editors. (Salt Lake City, UT: Ancestry, Incorporated, 1997), 413–438. [REF CS49 .S65 1997]
- Jacobs, Donald M, Antebellum Black Newspapers: Indices to New York Freedom’s Journal (1827–1829), The Rights of All (1829), The Weekly Advocate (1837), and The Colored American (1837–1841) (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1976). [REF E185 .5 .J55]
- Lathem, Edward Connery, compiler, Chronological Tables of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Being a tabular guide to holdings of newspapers published in America through the year 1820 (Barre, MA: The American Antiquarian Society and Barre Publishers, 1972). [Reading Room Reference]
- Mott, Frank Luther, American Journalism: A History of Newspapers in the United States through 260 Years: 1690 to 1950, revised edition (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1950). [REF PN 4855 .M63 1950]
- United States Newspaper Project, New-York Historical Society Holdings: April, 1990, 2 vols. (Dublin, OH: Online Computer Library Center, 1978–1990). [Reading Room Reference]
- New York State Newspaper Project, http://www.nysl.nysed.gov/nysnp/
- Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers, http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/
- ProQuest’s Historic New York Times, 1851–2007 [on-site access only], http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?RQT=306&DBId=6861
- Brooklyn Daily Eagle Online, 1841–1902, eagle.brooklynpubliclibrary.org
- Old Fulton New York Postcards [has over 16,000,000 digitized New York State newspaper pages, including the complete Brooklyn Eagle, 1841–1955], http://fultonhistory.com/
- Freedom’s Journal, 1827–1829, http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/libraryarchives/aanp/freedom/
The Patricia D. Klingenstein Library houses notable collections documenting military and naval history. It incorporates the libraries of the Naval History Society, the Military Order of the Loyal Legion-New York Commandery, and the Seventh Regiment (New York National Guard). The Library also holds the Lathrop C. Harper Spanish-American War Collection and the Eugene H. Pool Collection of Captain James Lawrence.
A Guide to Military History Research at the New-York Historical Society
The Klingenstein Library houses notable collections documenting military and naval history. It incorporates the libraries of the Naval History Society, the Military Order of the Loyal Legion-New York Commandery, and the Seventh Regiment (New York National Guard). The Library also holds the Lathrop C. Harper Spanish-American War Collection and the Eugene H. Pool Collection of Captain James Lawrence.
Please note that this guide is meant to aid the researcher in using only the Library's published collections; visitors seeking to work with original manuscripts or visual materials should be certain to inquire of the Manuscripts Department and the Department of Prints, Photographs, and Architectural Drawings, respectively.
Searching the General Collections
The BobCat online catalog and the main card catalog provide the principal access to the general library collections. Although the Library has acquired several distinct military collections over the years, it has made an effort to unify them through the same cataloging system. Thus, for ease of access to the most up-to-date holdings, one should always consult the main catalogs before seeking assistance in using any special catalogs.
Researchers gain access to published materials in the library catalogs by using the Library of Congress subject headings. When searching by subject for most pre-20th-century military conflicts, the best approach is as an event in American history: United States-History-French and Indian War, 1755–1763 Personal narratives, United States-History-Civil War-Regimental Histories-New York Infantry-11th.
Twentieth-century wars, by contrast, are best accessed directly by the name of the conflict: World War, 1939–1945-Regimental Histories-U.S.-3D Armored Division.
Specific battles and campaigns of any century should be searched directly:
Saratoga Campaign, 1777. Petersburg (Va.)-Siege, 1864–1865.
Finding Published Regimental Histories
When seeking information on a military unit during a specific conflict, it is best to search for it under the name of the war following the guidelines given above. These published histories will then be grouped together under the subheading, "Regimental Histories." Although one can also look directly under the name of the unit, it requires the searcher to be very precise with names that can vary, for example: New York Infantry. 10th Regiment. New York (State) National Guard. Eighth Regiment. U.S. Army. 3D Armored Division.
Civil War Regiments
When seeking information on a Civil War regiment, it is advisable to consult first: Dornbusch, C. E. Regimental Publications & Personal Narratives of the Civil War: A Checklist. 4 vols. (New York: New York Public Library, 1961–1987) [Vols. 1 and 4 in Reading Room Reference]. This bibliography provides, at a glance, all the available published literature on any given regiment and notes the libraries where it can be found.
Dornbusch will also clarify the important distinction between different regiments that bear the same number, such as the:
New York 10th Volunteer Infantry , New York 10th Infantry (National Guard)
Many of these regimental histories are now available in microform at the New York Public Library as:
Civil War Unit Histories: Regimental Histories and Personal Narratives. (Bethesda, Md.: University Publications of America, 1990–1993). Microfiche.
New York Regiments
Dornbusch (cited above) also serves as a useful index to the principal reference work on the New York regiments in the Civil War: Phisterer, Frederick. New York in the War of the Rebellion, 1861 to 1865. 3rd ed. 6 vols. (Albany: J. B. Lyon Co., 1912). [Reading Room Reference].
Phisterer provides the best capsule history of each regiment: how and where it was raised, a list of its engagements, and the service record of its commissioned officers. The work also includes a guide to the regiments by county. The index volume provides indexing by name of officers, battles, and, most useful, the "Synonyms," or nicknames, such as "Garibaldi Guard" or "New York Rifles," by the which the numbered regiments were commonly known.
Finding Information on Military Personnel
One can often find service records of military personnel in the National Archives, but several printed sources here in The New-York Historical Society Library provide ready access to much of this information.
- Heitman, F. B. Historical Register of the United States Army, from its Organization September 29, 1789, to September 29, 1889. (Washington, D. C.: The National Tribune, 1890) [Ask librarian]. This work provides biographical information about commissioned officers of the regular army, but it does not include state militia units or volunteer regiments raised for specific wars.
- Callahan, Edward W. List of Officers of the Navy of the United States and of the Marine Corps from 1775 to 1900. (New York: L. R. Hamersly & Co., 1901) [Reading Room Reference]. This listing includes officers and midshipmen.
- Muster Rolls of New York Provincial Troops, 1755–1764. Collections of the New-York Historical Society for the Year 1891 (New York: New-York Historical Society, 1892) [Reading Room Reference].
- New York Colonial Muster Rolls, 1664-1775. Report of the State Historian of the State of New York. 2 vols. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2000) [Reading Room Reference]. This a reprinting of the second and third annual reports of the State Historian published in 1897 and 1898.
- White, Virgil. Index to Revolutionary War Service Records. 4 vols. (Waynesboro, Tenn.: National Historical Publishing Co., 1995) [Reading Room Reference]
- Heitman, Francis B. Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army During the War of the Revolution, April 1775, to December, 1783. Rev. ed. 1914. Reprint. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1973) [Reading Room Reference]. As the title suggests, this comprehensive list includes officers of the Continental Line but not necessarily militia officers.
- DAR Patriot Index. Centennial edition. 3 vols. (Washington, D.C.: National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Centennial Administration: 1990) [Reading Room Reference].
- Muster and Pay Rolls of the War of the Revolution, 1775-1783. 2 vols. Collections of the New-York Historical Society for the Years 1914-1915 (New York: New-York Historical Society, 1916) [Reading Room Reference]. An exact transcription (with index) of Revolutionary War muster rolls. These lists represent archives that were available in the New-York Historical Society's collection in 1914 and are not otherwise comprehensive.
- Coldham, Peter Wilson. American Migrations 1765-1799. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2000). [Reading Room Reference]. Contains biographical information on American Loyalists drawn from the claims in the British Public Record Office.
- Palmer, Gregory. Biographical Sketches of Loyalists of the American Revolution. (Westport, Conn.: Meckler, 1984) [Reading Room Reference]. A reissue, with major revisions, of the classic 1864 work of the same title by Lorenzo Sabine.
- New York in the Revolution as Colony and State. (Albany: J. B. Lyon Co., 1904) [Reading Room Reference].
- Fernow, Berthold. New York in the Revolution. (Albany: Weed, Parson and Co., 1887) [Reading Room Reference]. This volume requires a great deal of effort to use, and we suggest you ask a librarian for assistance. When searching for enlisted men and non-commissioned officers, researchers should first consult the "Alphabetical Roster of the State Troops" on pages 311-524. Instead of page references, this roster index will refer to the last names of an enlistee's commanding officers, and one must then turn to the index in the very back of the book to find the officers' names with the appropriate page reference for the regimental list.
War of 1812
- White, Virgil D. Index to War of 1812 Pension Files. 3 vols. (Waynesboro, Tenn.: National Historical Publishing Co., 1989) [Ask librarian].
- New York Adjutant-General's Office. Index of Awards on Claims of the Soldiers of the War of 1812. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1969) [Reading Room Reference].
- White, Virgil D. Index to Mexican War Pension Files (Waynesboro, Tenn.: National Historical Publishing Company, 1989) [Ask librarian].
- U.S. Adjutant-General's Office. Official Army Register of the Volunteer Force of the United States Army for the Years 1861, '62, '63, '64 '65. 8 vols. (Washington, D.C., 1865–67). [E494 .U538] The volumes are arranged by groups of states and serve as an index to all commissioned officers in the many regiments raised for the war effort.
- U.S. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 70 vols. (Washington, D.C., 1880-1901) [XL E494 .U6]. This series contains official dispatches but does not include rosters. One can locate the occasional mention of a soldier by using the master index.
- New York Adjutant-General's Office. [Registers of the New York Regiments in the War of the Rebellion] Serial nos. 1-43, 43 vols. (New York and Albany, 1894-1906) [XL E523 .2 .N6]. Issued as supplements to the annual reports of the New York State Adjutant-General at the turn of the 20th century, these volumes record the service records of the officers and soldiers in the 280 regiments raised in the state. Each volume contains the record of several regiments, and one can find the appropriate volume by consulting the card catalog or by noting the "Register serial no." found in the Dornbusch bibliography cited above.
- Wilt, Richard A. New York Soldiers in the Civil War. 2 vols. (Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1999). [Reading Room Reference]. Phisterer, Frederick. New York in the War of the Rebellion, 1861 to 1865. (cited above) does contain an index of names that leads to the service records of commissioned officers in the New York regiments.
- New York Adjutant-General's Office. New York in the Spanish-American War 1898. Rev. ed. (Albany: J. B. Lyon Co., 1902) [E726 .N5N51 1902]
- Index to New York in the Spanish-American War. Compiled by Chauncey W. Herrick. (Albany: J. B. Lyon Co., 1914) [E726 .N5N52].
SPECIAL MILITARY COLLECTIONS
Loyal Legion Civil War Collection
Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Commandery of the State of New York Collection of 3,000 books and periodicals on Civil War history was donated to The New-York Historical Society in 1926. These materials are accessed through the main catalog and bear the call number prefix XL. Some manuscripts formerly owned by the Legion are housed in the Manuscripts Department.
Seventh Regiment Military Library
The Library and archives of the famed Seventh Regiment (New York National Guard) came to The New-York Historical Society in 1948. The Collection holds mainly 19th- and early 20th-century American books on military tactics and history. Included as well are some of the Seventh Regiment's institutional archives in the form of company minutes, order books, muster rolls and photographic albums. A researcher exploring this collection should first consult the Library's main catalogs and then, if necessary, move to the Seventh Regiment Military Library catalog in the hallway behind the Reference Desk. One can search there by author, title, or subject, and the subject headings generally conform to the Library of Congress headings described above. The call numbers, based on the Dewey Decimal system, differ from those used elsewhere in the library. These numbers do not always work well to distinguish one book from another; for this reason, we ask that researchers include as much descriptive information (such as size and pagination) as possible on the call slip when requesting material from this catalog. Seventh Regiment items will take somewhat longer to retrieve than other library books.
Lathrop C. Harper Spanish-American War Collection
The Library owns over 6,000 items-books, sheet music, manuscripts and prints relating and contemporary to the Spanish-American-Cuban War of 1898. These were donated to the Historical Society by the book collector Lathrop C. Harper in 1953. The materials have been integrated into the collections and are listed in various catalogs to which a librarian can direct you.
Researching Ships in the Library's General Collections
Researchers seeking general information about naval ships should search the catalogs alphabetically under each ship's name. Thorough histories of U.S. Naval ships may be found in: U.S. Naval History Division. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. 8 vols. (Washington, D.C.: Navy Dept., 1959-1981). [XN VA61 .A53]
Naval History Society Collection
An integral part of The New-York Historical Society's military holdings is the Library of the Naval History Society, a collection of over 3,500 items that was donated in 1925. The collection includes many 19th- and 20th-century books on naval and maritime history. The books have been integrated into the regular catalogs, and the books bear the call number prefix XN. A wooden card catalog in the corridor behind the reference desk provides an inventory of this collection, but, as a location guide, it has been superseded by the listings in the card catalog. The Naval History Society's archival collection of manuscripts, logbooks, and other materials is available in the Manuscripts Department; consult its online finding aid at: http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/nyhs/NHSColl.html
Eugene H. Pool Collection of Captain James Lawrence
The 1944 gift to The New-York Historical Society represents the major collecting interest of Eugene H. Pool, great-great-nephew of the War of 1812 naval hero, James Lawrence. Among the broad range of materials are manuscripts, books, and prints that cover all aspects of Lawrence's naval career and brief life. Pool Collection holdings may be found in the main catalogs, but much material is also held in the Manuscripts Department and in the Department of Prints, Photographs and Architectural Drawings.
The following is a list of helpful research links from the Library staff. Please click on the heading to view links from this category.
The staff of The New-York Historical Society cannot provide appraisals of Library or Museum materials. The following organizations offer professional advice in this area:
Antiquarian Booksellers— See especially "Collectors' Corner."
Appraisers Association of America
The Professional Autograph Dealers Association
Rare Books & Manuscript Section of the American Library Association —See especially "Questions about your old books."
Architecture & Real Estate
Department of Buildings —There is information on this site about certificates of occupancy, inspections, permits and violations.
Department of Finance —This department's website includes an online city register through which deed and mortgage records can be searched, tax maps and records of tax payments, and recommended ways to estimate property value.
Municipal Archives —Every building in the five boroughs was photographed between 1939 and 1941 as part of a real property appraisal project. Prints of these black & white photographs can be ordered online.
Landmarks Preservation Commission —The Landmarks Preservation Commission oversees the designation of landmarks and historic districts and all changes or repairs to those buildings and districts. The Commission's website includes historic district maps, PDF files of district and individual reports that can be downloaded and a glossary of architectural terms.
National Register of Historic Places —The National Register of Historic Places is the Nation's official list of cultural resources deemed worthy of preservation. Properties listed in the Register in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering and culture. The almost 2500 properties in the register can be searched online.
Digital Library Collections
Brooklyn Daily Eagle —Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 1941-1902, available through the Brooklyn Public Library.
Duke University: Sheet Music —A selection of over 3,000 pieces of sheet music, published in the United States between 1850 and 1920.
Library of Congress: American Memory— Printed text, manuscripts, maps, sheet music, posters, prints and photographs. Reproductions of most items are available for purchase.
Making of America: Cornell University — Cornell University's contributions to the digital library of primary sources in American social history. The MOA is a collaborative effort of Cornell University and the University of Michigan to preserve and provide electronic access to historical texts covering the period from the antebellum through reconstruction. This site provides access to 267 monograph volumes and over 100,000 journal articles with 19th century imprints from Cornell's collections.
Making of America: University of Michigan —The University of Michigan's contributions to MOA. This site provides access to approximately 8,500 books and 50,000 journal articles with 19th century imprints from the university's collections.
New York Public Library: Digital Collections — Images of African-Americans in the 19th century, Hudson River views, small-town America stereoscopic views, maps of the middle Atlantic region to 1850, treasures of the American Performing Arts, 1875-1923 and the Mid-Manhattan Picture Collection are just some of the NYPL collections available in digital format.
The Papers of John Jay — The Papers of John Jay, 1745-1829, is an image database and indexing tool comprised of thousands of pages scanned from photocopies of original documents gathered by the John Jay publication project staff during the 1960s and 1970s. The database, coordinated by Columbia University, is fully searchable and includes more than 750 documents from the New-York Historical Society's manuscript collections related to John Jay.
Association of Professional Genealogists — Includes a directory of members as well as a "How to Hire a Professional" section. Board for Certification of Genealogists List of certified genealogists; also genealogy resources, including online articles on such topics as "Analyzing City Directories."
Family History Library of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints — An important vocation of the Mormons is identifying, and making available, genealogical resources for people of all religions, ethnicities and races. Their Family History Centers are located throughout the United States, including one Near Lincoln Center in New York City.
Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet— A gateway to hundreds of genealogical websites
New York City's Department of Health & Vital Records —For birth certificates after 1909; death certificates after 1949. Go to The Municipal Archives for information about birth certificates prior to 1909 and death certificates prior to 1949.
Ellis Island Records —Passenger lists, with indications of home towns, destinations, occupations, and physical descriptions, for immigrants arriving in New York City between 1892 and 1924.
The Municipal Archives —The Municipal Archives has records of births reported in the five boroughs of New York City (Manhattan, Brooklyn, Bronx, Queens and Staten Island), prior to 1910; deaths reported prior to 1949, and marriages reported prior to 1930. Go to New York City's Department of Health & Vital Records for births after 1910 and deaths after 1949.
National Archives and Records Administration/Northeast Division — For U.S. census, immigration and naturalization records. Federal census records for all states, 1790-1900, are also available at the New York Public Library's Schomburg Center.
New York Genealogical & Biographical Society — One of the principal genealogical reference libraries in the country. Numerous online research guides available.
New York Public Library-Milstein Division of U.S. History, Local History and Genealogy —Look under "genealogical research" for lists of recommended resources available at New York Public and elsewhere.
Historical Societies & Organizations
Bronx Historical Society— For those interested in Bronx history specifically.
Brooklyn Historical Society —The library is still closed for renovation but links and PDF and SGML files for some manuscript collections are available through this site.
The Gotham Center —See especially "Resource Directory" and "Calendar/Events."
Queens Historical Society — Includes a research service "Queens Family Cemeteries."
Wisconsin Historical Society —Contains a growing digital library, including Freedom's Journal, 1827-29.
A selection of libraries that are open to the public.
Archives of American Art — Contains numerous digital finding aids and transcripts of oral history interviews.
Brooklyn Public Library —See especially The Brooklyn Collection, housed in the Central Branch at Grand Army Plaza
Library of Congress —Here you will find, in addition to the Library of Congress catalogs and Thomas, gateway to U.S. legislative information, the American Memory project, historical library collections, including highlights from the Civil War collections of the New-York Historical Society, presented in digitized format.
Municipal Archives —Among the municipal archives' many holdings are records of the coroner and office of chief medical examiner, 1823-1939; docket books from Manhattan's department of buildings, 1866 to 1959; ledgers records for the city cemetery on Hart's Island (aka "Potter's Field"); New York City court records, 1684 to 1966 and mayors' papers. Information about these and other collections is available on this site.
New York Public Library —Catalogs and collection descriptions for the Research And Humanities Library at 42nd Street and Fifth Avenue. See especially the Division of U.S. History, Local History and Genealogy for collections overview, information about genealogical research, and selected Internet resources for U.S. and local history, including digital collections and finding aids.
New York State Archives —The FAQ section of this website is a good place to start. See also "Records and Research" which lists collections according to subject, agency and medium.
Queens Public Library—See especially the Long Island Division
Manuscripts & Archives
Manuscript Division of the Library of Congres s—The Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress holds more than fifty million items in eleven thousand separate collections, and includes some of the greatest manuscript treasures of American history and culture. Collections support scholarly research in many aspects of political, cultural, and scientific history.
Manuscripts and Archives Division of The New York Public Library—The Manuscripts and Archives Division of the NYPL holds approximately 29,000 linear feet of archival material in over 3,000 collections, dating from the third millennium BCE to the current decade.
National Archives —The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.
National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections — NUCMC is a free-of-charge cooperative cataloging program operated by the Library of Congress. Search for archival and manuscript collections at participating repositories using RLG and OCLC.
New York History
African Burial Ground — See "History" section for historical background, references and information about the site and interpretive center.
Central Park — Look under "History" for an historical overview of the park, descriptions of statues, and list of movies filmed in the park.
Five Points —Where was Five Points and who lived there? These and other questions answered on this website. Includes photographs of unearthed artifacts.
Lower East Side Tenement Museum —Information about visiting the museum, as well as essays on topics such as sweat shops yesterday and today and current immigration issues.
Prospect Park, Brooklyn — Go to "History," for information about the history, geology and architecture of Prospect Park. Under "Park Archives" you will find over 2,000 digital images of Prospect Park.
Seneca Village — Link to the Education Department at N-YHS to find out more about the history of Seneca Village and the ongoing excavation there.
Society for the Preservation of Weeksville and Bedford-Stuyvesant History —Find out more about the citizens, churches and homes of Weeksville, a nineteenth century community of African-Americans in Brooklyn.
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire — This comprehensive website on the topic includes testimonials, photographs, audio streams, lists of victims and witnesses and a bibliography.
Tours & Transportation
Big Onion Walking Tours — Big Onion specializes in walking tours of ethnic neighborhoods and historic districts of New York City.
Cultural Walks— Private and public walking tours of specific neighborhoods with an emphasis on architecture and public art.
Metropolitan Transportation Authority—Maps, schedules and service advisories, along with Information about visual arts and music in the subways.
Municipal Art Society —Walking and bus tours focusing on architecture.
Radical Walking Tours—Public and private walking tours of neighborhoods with an emphasis on events and monuments relating to labor and radical history.
Shorewalkers, Inc. — Since 1982, Shorewalkers has led invigorating walks exploring varied and extensive shore areas in and around New York City.
Researching Slavery and the Underground Railroad at the New-York Historical Society Library
The New-York Historical Society Library holds many different types of resources relating to the study of slavery and the underground railroad: manuscripts; books and pamphlets; broadsides; songbooks, song sheets and sheet music; newspapers and periodicals; maps; photographs and prints.
This research guide, intended as an introduction to the numerous resources available at the N-YHS Library, lists materials advocating the abolition of slavery as well as those in support of slavery. All are primary sources. Researchers will also want to search the library’s online catalog (www.bobcat.nyu.edu/nyhistory) to find additional sources, both primary and secondary.
SOME USEFUL SEARCH TERMS:
Fugitive slave law
Slavery and the church
Please contact a librarian (email@example.com) for assistance with the online catalog or to find out more about the library’s collections and services.
Sections of this Guide
II. Books & Pamphlets
III. Written by Slaves and Former Slaves
V. Songbooks, Song Sheets and Sheet Music
VI. Newspapers & Periodicals
VIII. Photographs & Prints
IX. Digital Collection
Following is a comprehensive list of manuscript collections relating to slavery:
Association for the Benefit of Colored Orphans Records, 1836-1972 (bulk 1850-1936)
The records of the Colored Orphans' Asylum, document the activities of the institution from 1836 to 1965, with the bulk of the records falling between 1850 and 1936. The records include minutes of general meetings, the Executive Committee, the Indenturing Committee and the After-care Committee; volumes recording indentures; administrative correspondence; financial records; admission and discharge reports; newspaper clippings; reminiscences; visitor registers; and building plans. These records document the internal workings of an institution dedicated to educating and training African-American orphans in New York City. The Association for the Benefit of Colored Orphans was founded in 1836, and originally located on Fifth Avenue between 43rd and 44th Streets in Manhattan. In 1884, the institution was renamed the Colored Orphans' Asylum and Association for the Benefit of Colored Orphans; sometime after 1944, the name was again changed, this time to the Riverdale Children's Association. The institution was also relocated to Riverdale-on-Hudson. The Asylum was among the earliest organizations in the country to provide housing, training and employment specifically for African-American orphans. In the late 1880s, the Asylum adopted the "cottage-home" system, in which residents of varying ages lived in small groups under the supervision of a matron. The children in each cottage performed domestic chores. The system was thought to promote a less institutional atmosphere (Ashby, 1984). During the Draft Riot of July 14, 1863, the Colored Orphans' Asylum was attacked by a mob, whose size was estimated by the New York Times at several hundred, mostly women and children. At that time, the Asylum housed some 600 to 800 homeless children in a large four story building surrounded by grounds and gardens. The crowd plundered the Asylum, looting even donated baby clothes, then set fire to the first floor despite the pleas of administrators. The building burned to the ground.
Finding aid: http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/nyhs/coloredorphan.html
Bolton, Dickens & Co.
Account book, 1856-1858, kept by the prominent slave trading firm of Bolton, Dickens & Company of Lexington, Kentucky; Memphis, Tennessee; New Orleans, and elsewhere, and chiefly recording slaves purchased and sold by the firm, with entries giving the name of the slave, purchase and selling price, profit, names of suppliers, and occasional remarks. Some persons involved in the firm's recorded transactions were Washington Bolton, Isaac Bolton, Samuel Dickens, and slave trader G. L. Bumpass. Of additional note is a copy of an 1857 letter to Isaac Bolton, probably written by his brother Washington Bolton while Isaac was in prison awaiting trial for the murder of slave dealer James McMillan of Kentucky following a dispute in Memphis concerning McMillan's sale to Bolton of a 16 year old slave who was later revealed to a be a free man. Also included is a copy of a statement given by G. L. Bumpass as a witness to the events preceding the death of McMillan. The copy of Bumpass's testimony is followed by related financial accounts between Bumpass and the firm of Bolton, Dickens & Company. Volume was additionally employed as a daybook by "B. B. W." (possibly B. B. Wadell) and contains accounts for money received and various expenses for the year 1865.
ðMicrofilm copy available
Buckhingham Smith Papers, 1613-1910
Lawyer, politician, antiquary, diplomat employed as secretary by the United States Legation to Mexico, and author and editor of works on the history of Florida and the Spanish colonies of North America; resident of Florida. Summary Collection, ca. 1613-ca. 1941, of miscellaneous papers related to Buckingham Smith or from his collection of historical documents. The bulk of the collection consists of Buckingham Smith's own notes and correspondence, but there is also a typed biography of him, and miscellaneous historical documents from his collection, mostly relating to the history of Florida. The correspondence, 1852-1872, pertains to Smith's researches, personal matters, public affairs and legislation in Florida in 1870, his library of books and manuscripts after his death, and includes a 12-page draft of a letter about the political convulsion in Spain, written July 28, 1856. It includes letters from George H. Moore, George W. Atwood, and Francis Parkman. His other papers include a prospectus and subscription list for his "Collecion de varios documentos para la Historia de la Florida y Terras Adyacientes"; proofs of his "Relation of Alvar Nuñez Cabeça de Vaca"; notes, including a transcript of the life story of "Uncle Jack," an African slave, describing his childhood in Africa and his experiences in the U.S.; passports, clippings, scrapbooks, and miscellaneous ephemera, including some Confederate paper money issued by the Fairmont Bank, Virginia and other items related to the Confederacy. There are also some maps, including a printed map of the Mexico City area, probably eighteenth-century, and ninetenth-century watercolor copies of early maps of North America. The earliest printed document is a four-page pamphlet entitled La prodigiosa nauegacion de la naue Santa Elena, que venia de la India de Portugal. Malaga: Antonio René, 1613. Manuscripts in Spanish related to the history of Florida include legal documents, some with sixteenth-century dates but perhaps transcribed later, and a number of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century documents related to Franciscans in Santa Elena, Florida. Manuscripts in English include diaries of John Hambley, an Indian agent, interpreter, and trader in Florida. One section of the diary, January 14, 1794 - April 2, 1794, was kept while he was on a mission from Governor Juan Nepomuceno de Quesada to deliver letters to John Kinnaird, one of the chiefs of the Lower Creeks, and to Don Pedro Oliver, informing them of an impending expedition against Florida. He writes of meetings with Indians, the reaction and attitude of James Seagrove, the Indians' opening of Seagrove's mail, word that Americans were coming, and distrust of Seagrove. In the other part of the diary, June 29, 1794 - August 27, 1794, written while delivering letters from Governor Quesada to John Kinnaird and other Creek chiefs, he writes of the uneasiness of the Indians at the incursion of General Elijah Clarke and some men, the robbery and humiliation of James Seagrove, meetings with the chiefs, the murder of George Welbank, and travel difficulties. The correspondence of John Leslie, a merchant in St. Augustine, Florida, 1781-1800, deals with such matters as trade with soldiers and Indians; conflict between Indians and Georgians; activities of William Augustus Bowles; driving and sale of cattle and horses; trade with England and the West Indies; runaway slaves; disputed land titles; local shipping; supplies for the Indians; traveling difficulties; personal and family matters; and politics in Nassau. Correspondents include Thomas Forbes, Alexander McGillivray, Robert Leslie, William Pengree, John Wells, William Panton, James Taylor, and John Hambley. The correspondence of Joseph M. Hernandez, a militia general in Florida, 1815-1838, includes several letters from Zephaniah Kingsley, Fort George, Florida, in 1821, mostly about efforts to break the will of the deceased John Fraser. Many others pertain to the war with the Seminole Indians during 1835-1838, including letters from Major Benjamin A. Putnam, orders and instructions from General Thomas Sidney Jesup, and Lieutenant Colonel J.W. Mills's report of the battle of Withlacoochy. Other miscellaneous documents include: a letter in Spanish, from the Conde de Revilla Gigedo to Antonio Porlier, dated November 30, 1789, and describing the panic caused by the sight of the aurora borealis in Mexico City on November 14 of that year; and two letters in Greek to Ioannes Xenos, one, undated, addressed to him in care of Pierre Paradis, the other, dated 1781 from a correspondent in Livorno, Italy, addressed to him in London.
ð Microfilm copies of John Hambley's diaries, 1794 and John Leslie's correspondence, 1781-1800 are available
Undated petition, probably ca. 1862, to United States President Abraham Lincoln from citizens of New York requesting that the governor of New York be authorized to raise a number of regiments composed wholly or partly of African American troops, including the signatures and addresses of petitioners. In scroll form, approximately 25 feet long.
Clarkson, John, 1764-1828.
Manuscripts, 1791 Aug. 6-1792 Aug.4.
ðMicrofilm copy available
Day, Mahlon. Journal of Voyage Among the West India Islands
Quaker, publisher of children's books, printer, and bookseller of New York City. Contemporary copy of a diary kept by Day while on a tour of the West Indies (Nov. 1839-Apr. 1840) in company with Joseph John Gurney, the English Quaker philanthropist, minister, and writer. In most of the places they visited, they did considerable sightseeing, held religious services for all faiths, and were entertained by many residents. They were particularly interested in education, religion, and the condition of the Black population especially on the free islands as compared to those which still permitted slavery. Day also includes many rhymes composed by Gurney to commemorate particular occasions. Persons whom they visited include: Sir W.M.B.G. Colebrooke and Nathaniel Gilbert of Antigua, and John and Maria Candler of Jamaica.
ð Microfilm copy available
Francis L. Hawks Collection, 1726-1854
Episcopal clergyman and historian. Collection of original and transcribed letters, petitions, bonds, proclamations, and various legal and financial documents, 1726-1854, concerning the history of North Carolina, assembled by historian and clergyman Frances Lister Hawks during his researches into the history of that state. Collection includes original architect's plans and elevations, 1766, for a governor's palace to be built in New Bern, North Carolina, along with articles of agreement between Governor William Tryon and John Hawks for the building of palace at New Bern; specimens of counterfeit money of North Carolina printed during the Revolution; various
acts and proclamations issued by the governor's of the state, many concerning riots and rebellions in North Carolina; petitions and letters concerning ecclesiastical matters in the state; original lists of books belonging to the Mecklenburg and Rowan libraries, ca. 1772; original trial record of a slave tried and condemned to death for theft in Mecklenburg; letters written and received by state governors Edward Hyde, Arthur Dobbs, George Burrington, William Tryon, and Richard Everard; copy of a petition of Sarah Drummong concerning the death of her husband William at the hands of the British army; original bond of 1790 signed by Seth, Hezekiah, and Joel Alexander and Charles Harris for construction of a cotton jenny; original accounts totaling the costs for construction of a college at Mecklenburg; and account of the battle of Elizabeth Town, dated March 1844; and correspondence between Frances Lister Hawks and friends, colleagues, and associates concerning the history of North Carolina and the various counties of state.
Granville Sharp Papers
Copies of letters received, 1763-73.
English abolitionist, reformer, and philanthropist. Copies of letters and related documents, 1768-1773, sent to English abolitionist and reformer Granville Sharp, transcribed in his own handwriting and concerning such matters as slavery, the slave trade, its evils, legal and social aspects, etc. Included are letters from Anthony Benezet, William Blackstone, Francis Hargrave, John Fothergill, Jacob Bryant, Arthur Lee, Benjamin Rush, and Joseph Banks. Volume also contains a copy of an outline of the court case of Thomas Lewis vs. Robert Stapylton, in which an alleged slave brought charges against his master for assault and imprisonment; a well as a copy of Lord Mansfield's decision in the case of James Sommersett.
ð Microfilm copy available
Indentures (New York City), 1718-1727, 1792-1915
Indentures for apprentices and indentured servants, 1718-1727 and 1792-1902, and foundling records, 1838-1841 and 1902-1915, issued in New York City under the successive authorities of various departments of city government, including the Commissioners of the Alms-House and the Department of Public Charities; later incorporated into the Department of Public Welfare. Indentures include contracts binding small children and young people of both sexes to periods of domestic servitude, agricultural labor, or apprenticeship with practitioners of a wide variety of trades and occupations. Of particular note is the inclusion of indentures and deeds of manumission, 1801-1814, for free and manumitted African American city residents. Foundling records created by the Department of Public Welfare record the circumstances of the child's abandonment, case history, and placement in the care of a family member, private home, or public or private institution. Foundling records, 1838-1841, additionally record the placement of infants in the care of paid nurses with comments noting the child's adoption, return to parental care, or death. Many volumes individually indexed. An abstract of the volume of indentures of apprentices, 1718-1727, originally labeled Liber 29 of conveyances, has been published in the "Collections of the New-York Historical Society," 1909.
Finding aid: http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/nyhs/indentures.html
Inventories, New York State, 1680-1844.
Subjects: Decedents' estates -- New York (State); Material culture -- New York (State) ; New York (State) -- Social life and customs ; Inventories. Collection of estate inventories from New York City and vicinity, 1680-1844.
ð Microfilm copy available
James Brown Papers, 1827-1864
The diaries are not entirely chronological as in several instances the entries for a year have been copied into a later volume. James F. Brown (1793-1868) was the ex-slave gardener of the Verplanck family at Mount Gulian, Fishkill, New York. Brown was a runaway slave from Maryland, and the Verplancks purchased his time after he was found by his master. The collection consists of 8 diaries, 1829-1864, during which time Brown was gardener for the Verplanck family; 1 receipt book, 1832-1857, recording some personal and household expenses, although most entries are unspecified; and 1 memorandum book, 1827-1843. Entries in the diaries are brief, with little elaboration, and pertain to such matters as the weather, local deaths, his gardening activities, the passage of boats on the Hudson, etc.
ð Microfilm copy available
Joseph Goodwin Diary, 1820-1827
Diary presumably kept by plantation manager Joseph Goodwin, though it might possibly have been kept by a brother of his (1820-1827). After leaving home in Hudson, N.Y., Goodwin goes to work for Gen. George De Wolf, first in Bristol, Rhode Island for a few months and then on De Wolf's plantations near Mantanzas, Cuba as a manager or overseer. The plantations seemed to grow mainly coffee though other crops are mentioned and are worked by Black slaves. Diary entries are mainly routine and record weather, plantation activities, people met, and local news. Mentioned often are George and William De Wolf. While in Cuba, Goodwin stayed first at the home of John Line and later at the plantations Buena Esperanza and Arca de Noe.
Lloyd Family Papers, 1654-1822
Merchant family of New York and Rhode Island; landowners in colonial Long Island and early settlers of Lloyd Neck, now in the vicinity of Huntington in Suffolk County, Long Island, and Oyster Bay in Queens County. Correspondence, land papers, deeds, bonds, memoranda, maps, indentures, wills, and miscellaneous legal and financial documents, 1654-1822, of the Lloyd family of Long Island, Boston, and Rhode Island.
Correspondence, 1654-1822, consists of letters recieved by members of the Lloyd family, generally from other family members, and principally concern financial and legal matters, disposition of family property, inheritances, management of farm and domestic affairs (including the appraisal and sale of slaves), and news regarding the health, welfare, and conduct of family members. Other topics addressed include current events such as conflicts between Native Americans and colonists during the French-Indian Wars and involvement of family members in the American revolution. Other materials include family legal and financial documents and papers pertaining to the history and administration of the Long Island property of Lloyd's Neck, also known as Queens Village, from the time of its original acquisition by European colonists in 1654. Transcribed and original documents include deeds, indentures, bonds, accounts, estate papers, quit claim deeds comprising early lists of the inhabitants of Lloyd's Neck and vicinity, and various legal records concerning the taxation of the Lloyd property and boundary and property disputes with neighboring communities. Included is a volume of transcribed documents, begun in 1690 by James Lloyd and continued by members of the Lloyd family to the mid 19th century, containing transcriptions of early deeds and memoranda relating to Lloyd's Neck (Queens's Village), as well as hand drawn maps of Long Island and the Lloyd property. Also includes genealogical information, notes, and tables for the Lloyd family and related branches of the Nelson and Temple families. Correspondents include: Henry Lloyd, James Lloyd, John Lloyd, Joseph Lloyd, John Eastwicke, John Nelson, Aaron Burr, Robert Temple, Melancthon Taylor Woolsey, Rebecca Taylor Woolsey, Samuel Fitch, Ebenezer Pemberton, William Henry Smith, and many others. Published index available at repository.
Lysander Spooner Papers, 1844-1886
Lawyer and abolitionist of Boston, Massachusetts.
Correspondence, 1844-1886, including letters received and copies of letters sent by Boston lawyer and abolitionist Lysander Spooner. Many of the letters pertain to Spooner's activities as an abolitionist and author of works opposing slavery. Included are 100 letters to or from George Bradburn, 106 letters to or from Gerrit Smith, 7 pieces of correspondence with Charles D. Cleveland, 7 with Daniel Drayton, 19 with Richard Goodell, 10 with Charles D. Miller, 9 with John A. Thomson, 11 letters from Daniel McFarland, and 4 letters from Lewis Tappan. Descriptions of individual items available in the card catalog of the Society library.
ðMicrofilm copy available
Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society records, 1850-1858.
Correspondence and papers, 1850-1858, of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society.
Included are petitions to the legislature, resolutions, donations to the Liberator, lists of members and supporters, letters about slavery, editorials, meetings, a list of fugitive slaves aided by the Vigilance Committee, accounts of fugitive slaves, including the narrative of Jonathan Thomas, a fugitive slave from Kentucky; and lists, letters, editorials, and other papers pertaining to the notorious case of Anthony Burns. Persons whose names appear frequently include: Francis Jackson, Wendell Phillips, Ellis Gray Loring, Edmund Quincy, William Lloyd Garrison, and Samuel E. Sewall.
Misc. Mss. Castletown (NY)
Records births and related information, of black children born in Castletown after July 1, 1799. The records relate to the gradual abolition laws instituted in New York State during the period 1800-1827.
Microfilm copy available
Misc. Mss. Riots of 1834
Communications from various persons to Cornelius W Lawrence, mayor of NYC, July 1834. Includes lists of volunteer aides, reports about homes and churches which the mob threatens to burn, disposition of militia, requests for protection for certain Negroes.
Microfilm copy available
Moses Greenwood Papers
Letterpress copies, 1850-1852 and 1860-1861, and a few papers, 1844-1856, of New Orleans cotton trader Moses Greenwood of the firm Moses Greenwood & Co. Letterpress copies include letters sent to fellow merchants and business associates and concern sales and shipments of cotton, trade conditions, political news, Greenwood's views on politics and the growing threat of war, impact of the conflict on the cotton trade, etc. Papers also include a handful of legal and financial documents concerning shipments of cotton, claims outstanding accounts, slave bills of sale, and correspondence and financial statements concerning the school accounts of a Miss Barton, daughter of Judge Barton, and pupil at the Misses Wood Demopolis Female Academy, Demopolis, Alabama.
New-York African Free School Records, 1817-1832
The records are in four volumes: Vol. I includes regulations, by-laws, and reports (1817-1832); Vol. II includes reports of the visiting committee (1820-1831); Vol. III includes addresses and pieces spoken at public examinations (1818-1826); and Vol. IV includes penmanship and drawing studies (1816-1826).
Historical Note: The African Free School was started by the Manumission Society in 1794.
ðMicrofilm copy available
Website: https://www.nyhistory.org/web/afs/ (Volume IV only)
Finding aid: http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/nyhs/africanschool.html
New-York Society for Promoting the Manumission of Slaves, and Protecting Such of Them as Have Been, or May Be Liberated. Records, 1785-1849.
Society established 1785 to publicly promote the abolition of slavery and manumission of slaves in New York State. The society, which was dissolved in 1849, provided legal and financial assistance to individual slaves seeking manumission and supported efforts to enforce laws erected banning the sale of slaves in New York State. Summary Meeting minutes, commission reports, financial records, indentures, registers, and miscellaneous records of the New York Society for Promoting the Manumission of Slaves, commonly known as the New York Manumission Society, dating from the year of the Societies organization in 1785 to that of its dissolution in 1849. Minutes of the Society's quarterly meetings, standing committee, and ways amd means committee concern such topics as political activities of the Society, Society finances, efforts to enact legal reforms aimed at abolishing the slave trade in New York and preventing the exportation of slaves, reports on individual cases of slaves in need of assistance in negotiating their freedom, the protection of manumitted slaves, reports and decisions concerning the Society's sponsorship and operation of the African Free School and houses of refuge for the benefit of New York's African American population, appointments, elections, etc. Records also include an account book, 1819-1849, kept by the treasurer of the Society; a register of manumissions of slaves in New York City, 1816 Jun. 18-1818 May 28; indentures, 1809-1829, drawn up for slaves granted the status of indentured servants with the assistance of the Society; and miscellaneous minutes and reports, including papers pertaining to the American Convention for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery. Some of the Society's active members were: Robert C. Cornell, W. W. Woolsey, Nehemiah Allen, Melancton Smith, William T. Slocum, Samuel Bowne, Adrian Hegeman, Willet Seaman, Thomas Burling, John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, James Duane, John Murray, Jr., William Dunlap, Alexander McDougall, Noah Webster, Egbert Benson, and many others.
Microfilm copy available
New York State Inventories
Collection of estate inventories from New York City and vicinity, 1680-1844.
Most available on microfilm
Nicholas Low Papers, 1728-1893 (bulk ca. 1784 - ca. 1826)
Banker, merchant and land speculator, New York City. Papers include correspondence, bonds, indentures, bills of sale (including some for ships), vouchers, receipts, powers of attorney, other legal and financial papers, and a few miscellaneous pieces of printed ephemera, such as prices current at Livorno and New Orleans, and a blank form for a bill of exchange. Most of the material consists of letters from merchants and business associates in New York City, Philadelphia, and elsewhere, about the settlement of accounts, trade, land speculation,
introductions, and personal matters. Individual correspondents include Samuel Ogden and other members of the Ogden family; Peter Collins; Nicholas and Henry Cruger; Josiah Hardy and James Rivington, Jr.; John Wilcocks; and Thomas Lawrence and Jacob Morris. Subjects include Low's mercantile activities, especially the import of Madeira wine; his purchases of land in upstate New York and Canada, some in partnership with Samuel Ogden; the closing of the firm of Lawrence & Morris; and occasional references to politics and personal affairs. A 1788 letter from Peter Collins alludes to Low's work as a member of the state constitutional convention. A letter from Samuel Ogden discusses financial issues arising from his use of the labor of slaves belonging to Low's brother Isaac. A letter from John Smithson to a correspondent named Irwin, written in 1807, includes a detailed discussion of how to deal with having had a vessel seized, apparently passing on advice from Low's business partner Wallace. Personal material includes a letter from his daughter, Henrietta Low, and some invoices for her schooling and other expenses. Later material includes letters, telegrams, and miscellaneous papers, some pertaining to Augustus Fleming, others members of the Beekman family.
Papers of Rufus King
Papers, 1783-1826, of Federalist statesman Rufus King, including official and private correspondence, letterbooks, account books, notebooks, financial documents, diaries, memoranda, essays, and miscellaneous printed and manuscript materials documenting the many facets of King's lengthy political career and private interests. Correspondence, 1786-1826, concerns his activities as a New York Assemblyman, United States Senator, Minister to Great Britain, and Federalist candidate for the United States vice presidency and presidency, pertaining to such matters as the Constitutional Convention of 1787; his opposition to the War of 1812; United States finances; the Navigation Act of 1818; negotiations between the United States and Great Britain over articles 6 and 7 of the Treaty of Peace of 1794; administration and sale of public lands; South American independence; personal business matters; Barbary affairs; and British-French negotiations in 1803. Additionally included are account books, 1783-1825, recording household accounts and accounts with the firm of Bird, Savage & Bird; memorandum books containing abstracts of correspondence; notebooks relating to historical and political topics containing extracts from books read by King along with his own comments and observations; essays, written in French and English, on political and historical subjects; miscellaneous receipts; volumes of notes recording events, conversations, and observations on King's acquaintances and contemporaries, a diary, 1802, kept while traveling in Europe; an inventory of his library in 1827; and miscellaneous news clippings and printed materials. Correspondents include: John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Wm. Henry Cavendish Bentinck, Fisher Ames, Francis Baring, George Cabot, Elbridge Gerry, Christopher Gore, Wm. Grenville, Alexander Hamilton, William Hindman, Charles Jared Ingersoll, John Jay, John Alsop King, Charles King, Nicholas Low, James Madison, Gouverneur Morris, Timothy Pickering, Thomas Pinkney, Philip Schuyler, Granville Sharp, Robert Troup, John Trumbull, Nicholas Vansittart, George Washington, Noah Webster, Wm Wilberforce, Oliver Wolcott, and many others. Historical Note: Federalist statesman, New York State senator, and minister to Great Britain; originally from Massachusetts, later a resident of New York City.
Microfilm copy available
Finding aid: http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/nyhs/king.html
Ramage family papers, 1766-1856 (bulk 1780-1830)
Family correspondence, receipts, bills, poems, and miscellaneous papers, 1766-1856 (bulk 1780-1830), relating to the miniature painter John Ramage, his wife Catharine Collins Ramage, and their sons, Thomas A. Ramage, George Collins Ramage, and John Ramage, Jr., as well other members of the family. Correspondence includes letters sent and received by family members, including letters by John Ramage to his wife Catharine, letters exchanged between Catharine and her sons Thomas A. and John Ramage, as well as letters exchanged between various additional members of the Ramage and related families. Additional document include a 1784 receipt and 1786 rent notice from James Duane, John Ramage's 1780 commission as 2nd Lieut. in the New York City Militia, Ramage's membership certificates for the New York Marine Society and Grand Lodge of Masons, John Ramage's will, dated Jan. 5, 1802; marriage license of John Ramage and Catharine Collins, Jan. 29, 1787; an undated 23 page typescript of a biography of John Ramage by J. H. Morgan; and a group of five documents, 1792-1815, concerning the purchase and sale of a slave named Dinah by John and Catharine Ramage, her marriage to a fellow slave named Bob (later Robert Blanchard), the conditional sale of Bob to Ephraim Sayre of New Jersey for eighteen years of service, and Robert Blanchard's purchase of his wife and three children from Catharine Ramage in 1815. Historical Note: Family of miniature painter John Ramage and his third wife Catharine Collins Ramage, with members in New York City and Orange, New Jersey.
Rhode Island (Ship)
Account book, 1748 Dec.-1749 Jul.
ðMicrofilm copy available
Riley's Narrative, .
Sea captain, born in Middletown, Connecticut, and became a sailor at the age of fifteen. Following the wreck of his brig Commerce in 1815 and his subsequent captivity in in North Africa, he resettled in Van Wert County, Ohio, in 1821, but resumed a seafaring life in 1831. Died at sea in 1840. Original manuscript, with corrections, of the published narrative of James Riley recounting the loss of his brig, Commerce, in a shipwreck on the West Coast of Africa, August, 1815, and his eighteen months spent in captivity there. First printed in New York in 1817, and in several subsequent editions. Inscription on the volume's title page reads: "Manuscript of Capt. James Riley's Narrative, published in New York in February 1917 - presented to John Pintard Esquire with a request that it may be deposited with the New York Historical Society, by his obliged & very Humble Servant [signed] James Riley New York 20th Febry 1817."
Saint-Domingue Box, 1741-1797
Documents, 1741-1797 (bulk 1770-1780), chiefly pertaining to colonial property belonging to landowner Le Seigneur de Rouvray of Petit St. Louis, Port de Paix, St. Domingue (later, Haiti). Collection is principally comprised of land titles or land papers pertaining to the use, ownership, or surveying of property in colonial Haiti. Also included is an estate inventory listing slaves, livestock, etc. belonging to the estate of the Colonel de Rouvray in Petit Saint Louis, Port de Paix; two cadastral maps of properties in Port de Paix; and an official statement registered with the French Consulat of New York by New York merchant Pierre Duchesne testifying to his capture and imprisonment by pirates during a voyage to Haiti and the resulting loss of his ship and cargo; dated year six of the Republican calendar . In French. Historical Note: Colonial landowner and military officer of Petit St. Louis, Port de Paix, St. Domingue (i.e. Haiti).
Saint-Domingue Letterbooks, 1774 May-1780 Jun
Letterbooks, 1774 May-1780 Jun., containing copies of official correspondence of the government of the French colony of Saint-Domingue in Haiti. Volumes contain letters sent during the administrations of M. de Valière, gouverneur général, and M. de Vaivre, intendant; M. de Reynaud, commandent en chef par interim; M. Le Comte d'Argout, gouverneur Général; and M. de Reynaud, commandant par interim. The letters treat such diverse matters
as the actions of the conseils superieurs of Port au Prince and Cap Français, disposition of soldiers, appointment of officers, treatment of slaves and smugglers, imposition and collection of taxes, and establishment of fishing and trade agreements with other countries and colonies. Many of the letters are addressed to private citizens and deal with such matters as payment of monies for services rendered, settlement of estate and inheritance claims, collection of monies due the crown, etc. Each volume contains and index of the letters by name and subject matter. In French. Historical Note: Government of the French colony of Saint-Domingue on the island of Haiti.
Samuel Gilford Papers, 1754-1842
Sea captain and shipping merchant Samuel Gilford of New York City, including business correspondence, bills of lading, bills and invoices, receipts, shipping manifests, lists of ship's passengers, records of debts owed, records of seamen's wages, freight lists, marine insurance policies, accounts, promissory notes, bills of exchange, bills of sale for vessels and a slave, etc,; along with assorted personal accounts, commercial correspondence, clippings, and business papers relating to merchant Samuel Gilford, Jr. and various other relations and descendents of the Gilford family. Correspondence includes letters from merchants in the United States, Great Britain, the West Indies, and elsewhere concerning shipment, purchase, and sale of various trade goods, including rum, spirits, and sugar, as well as market and trade conditions. Later materials include business letters and papers of Gilford's son, Samuel Gilford, Jr., along with similar materials pertaining to the younger Gilford's father-in-law, New York merchant and importer Thomas Buchanan, George Buchanan, and the merchant firm of Thomas Buchanan & Sons. Also included are clippings, cards, programs, postcards, and a few photographs, ca. 1890-1951, evidently pertaining to the Riker family of New York City.
Finding aid: http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/nyhs/gilford.html
Schenck family papers, 1720-1837
Correspondence, deeds, wills, accounts, military orders, receipts, estate papers, etc., 1720-1837, of various members of the Schenck family of Flatlands, Kings County, New York. Papers include 40 deeds to property in Flatlands; letters and papers pertaining to the activities of Capt. Nicholas Schenck (1732-1810), a loyalist officer, during the Revolutionary War; Nicholas Schenck's account of a boat trip to Albany and back, in company with John Remsen, in October, 1783; and letters, will, and papers relating to Stephen Janse Schenck (1685-1767) and to the settlement of his estate. Individual items include lists of British Army officers and soldiers in Flatlands during the Revolutionary War, returns of military equipment, provisions, and supplies provided to the British troops in Flatlands; correspondence and military orders addressed to Capt. Nicholas Schenck by Col. William Axtell, Maj. Jeremiah Vanderbilt, and George D. Ludlow; slave indentures, 1811 and 1819, recording the conditional sale of slaves into indentured servitude; probate copy of the will of Nicholas Schenck, 1808; local records relating to roads and military notices in Flatlands; documents pertaining to the estate of David Cooper a "free indian" of New Utrecht, Kings County, New York; and other assorted land, legal, and Schenck family papers. Historical Note: Of Flatlands, Kings County, New York.
Slavery Collection, 1709-1864
Diverse collection of materials, 1709-1864, containing correspondence and legal and financial documents related to the North American slave trade, slave ownership, abolition, and political issues pertinent to slavery.
Series I, 1751-1799, and II, 1805-1807, contain correspondence and business papers for Rhode Island merchants Samuel and William Vernon and the Rhode Island firm of Gardner and Dean (formerly Phillips and Gardner) documenting thier involvement in the slave trade and the shipping and sale of slaves in the West Indies and southern United States. Vessels employed by the two firms include the Othello, Ascension, and the Sloop Louisa. Series III consists of various legal and financial documents, 1785-1864, related to slavery in Kentucky, including estate inventories, receipts, and deeds of gift and manumission. Series IV contains papers, 1859-1862, of E.H. Stokes of Richmond, Virginia; including correspondence and receipts pertaining to the sale of slaves in Virginia and Alabama. Series V contains correspondence, 1766-1861, concerning the abolition movement in the United States and individual slaves. Individual correspondents include eminent abolitionists Theodore Weld, Gerrit Smith, and Angelina Grimke. Of additional note is the inclusion of letters to the Governor of Maryland requesting clemency for a slave condemned for theft, and an 1826 letter from a black man, Richard Moran, to his uncle apologizing for his marriage to a white woman. Series VI consists of manifests, 1835-1855, listing persons taken aboard various vessels to be sold as slaves. Series VII is composed of legal documents related to slavery in the United States, 1709-1858, including birth certificates, depositions, petitions, indentures, deeds of manumission, and estate inventories. Series VIII contains financial documents, 1736-1862, pertaining to the sale and ownership of slaves such as accounts, receipts, and returns of taxable property. Series IX contains two poems, 1823 and undated, on the subject of slavery. Series X consists of notes and memoranda, 1790-1855, evidently recorded for newspaper advertisements and articles. Series XI contains newspapers clippings, including advertisements for rewards for return of runaway slaves,
most not attributable to particular newspapers.
Finding aid: http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/nyhs/slavery.html
Southern Famine Relief Commission Records, 1867
The Commission's correspondence and papers, January 1867 - September 1867, contain appeals for help for the South and descriptions of conditions there from clergy, government officials, and other prominent Southerners; personal appeals for help; letters to and from benefactors and other societies with related aims in various states, including the New York Ladies' Southern Relief Association; letters to and from government bodies, such as the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands; arrangements to ship supplies to the South on the Navy ships Memphis and Purveyor, as well as on commercial vessels; and requests to the Commission to provide information about the famine and speakers to publicize it. Most of the boxed material is correspondence, but it also includes some acounts, bills of lading, and miscellaneous printed ephemera and clippings, as well as treasurer's reports and minutes of the executive committee. The bound volumes consist of two letter books, one of letters sent by the corresponding secretary, Edward Bright, the other of letters sent by the general agent, John Bowne; one volume containing one-line summaries of letters received January 29, 1867 - March 4, 1867; one volume of newspaper clippings; one volume of telegrams received; one volume of the minutes of the executive and standing committees; and six volumes of records of finance and supplies, including a daily cash book, volumes listing supplies donated and purchased, one volume of receipts, memoranda, etc, and two small subscription volumes listing donors who contributed $250 or more. Other officers of the Commission included Frederick Law Olmsted and Archibald Russell.
Historical Note: New York City organization formed for the relief of the 1867 famine in the Southern states.
Finding aid: http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/nyhs/southernfamrelief.html
The Story of My Life from Year to Year: My Own Story, the Life and Sufferings of a Wandering Greenlander
Autobiography in which Weeks writes about his youth in Greenland, New Hampshire, his preoccupation with hunting and fishing, even when aboard ship, and his friendship with Stephen Decatur in 1830. Weeks gives accounts of his voyage aboard the merchant vessel "Susan & Mary" (W.F. Parrot, Captain) to Liverpool in 1833, and a voyage to Savannah, Georgia. He includes an account of his acquaintance with a slave couple in Savannah and his effort to help them escape aboard the ship on which he was employed. He records voyages to Calcutta, Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo, Apalachicola, St. Ubes (St. Ybes), Portugal, and a voyage to Belfast aboard the "Huron" in 1846. He also gives an account of the wreck of his ship "Marion" on a Florida reef. Loose material in the volume consists of a newspaper clipping giving the history of the Ship "Granite State", on which Weeks served as captain, and two photographs of sailing ships, one of the vessels being identified as the "Governor Goodwin".
ðMicrofilm copy available
Sumner, Charles. [The anti-slavery enterprise]: draft, ca. 1855
Senator for Massachusetts and campaigner against slavery.Draft, ca. 1855, of a version of the speech delivered in New York on May 9, 1855, and published that year under the title "The anti-slavery enterprise." Internal evidence indicates that it was to be delivered to a Boston audience, probably on May 15, 1855. It is accompanied by a printed petition, "Memorial of the citizens of Virginia to the General Assembly, asking for certain reforms in the law concerning slaves and persons of color," and a holograph letter to Sumner from J.J. Flournoy, dated January 24, 1855.
Van Hoesen, Haviland, and Van Valkenburgh family papers, 1759-1889
Deeds, leases, releases, bonds, receipts, wills, mortgages, indentures, printed invitations, letters, etc., 1759-1889, pertaining to various members of the Van Hoesen, Haviland, and Van Valkenburgh families of Greene, Cortland, and Albany Counties in New York State. Individual documents include a 1770 bill of sale for a slave woman sold to Catharine Van Valkenburgh of Albany County; 1807 indenture for a destitute African American child named Susan contracted to serve James Van Valkenburgh of Catskill, New York; poems by Miss Sarah Jane Haviland (later, Mrs Richard Van Hoesen), along with an 1839 letter addressed to her and written in reverse script;1794 will of Lambert Van Valkenburgh of Catskill, New York; copy of the 1893 will of John L. Haviland; and a copy of the 1896 will of Sarah Jane Van Hoesen of Preble, New York. Historical Note: Related families of of Greene, Cortland, and Albany Counties, New York.
Walker Family Papers, 1775-1876
Correspondence, accounts, and legal papers, 1775-1876, of various members of the Walker and Rockwell families, especially William Walker (1751-1831), William Perrin Walker (1778-1858), Julius Rockwell (1805-1888), Reuben Rockwell, and Lucy Walker Rockwell, including: papers relating to William Walker's Revolutionary service, especially his records, 1779-82, as a recruiting officer for Berkshire County; a 1775 orderly book; records of the Lenox Committee of Safety, 1778; papers, mostly receipts 1777-78, relating to Major Isaac Goes' service as a commissary dealing in wheat and flour at Kinderhook, New York, many having to do with his dealings with Theodore Sedgwick (1746-1813); material relating to Shays' Rebellion; a Lenox tax roll, 1794; correspondence of William Perrin Walker, 1801-51, concerning such subjects as the War of 1812, relations with France, slavery, and Mass. politics; correspondence, 1818-83, of Julius Rockwell concerning such matters as national and Mass. politics, slavery, the Mexican War, and family matters; and correspondence and papers, 1819-24, relating to William Cullen Bryant's law practice in Great Barrington, Mass. --Frequent correspondents include many prominent Mass. men - Barnabas Bidwell, George Briggs, Rufus Choate, Caleb Cushing, Edward Everett, Josiah Quincy, Leverett Saltonstall, and Charles Sumner. Historical Note: Active in Lenox, Berkshire County, Massachusetts.
William Lux Letterbook, 1763-1769
Merchant of Baltimore, MD
Letterbook of merchant William Lux of Baltimore Maryland, containing copies of his letters sent to fellow merchants and business associates in England and America.
Lux's letters concern business dealings, including the sale of individual slaves; ships and shipping ventures in the West Indies; collection of debts; family news; the fortunes and conduct of other merchants; insurance payments; bad relations between England and America; and the delivery and sale of trade goods such as tobacco, flour, spirits, salt, sugar, molasses, etc. Principle correspondents include: Lux's brother Darby Lux, James Russell, Thomas Dicas, Reese Meredith, Aitcheson & Parker, Robert Tucker, Paul Loyall, Roert Sanders, Archibald Ritchie, Silvanus Grove, Samuel Bowne, William Mollesan, and many others.
ðMicrofilm copy available
II. Books & Pamphlets
Following are just a few examples of the books and pamphlets in the library’s collection representing both pro-slavery and anti-slavery positions, listed in chronological order. Search the library’s online catalog (www.bobcat.nyu.edu/nyhistory) to identify additional sources.
Gorton, John. The Negro Suicide: A Poem / by John Gorton. [1st. ed] London : Printed and sold (for the Author) by W. Kemmish, No. 17, King-street, Borough ... , M DCC XCVII .
Call No.: Y1797 .Gorton
Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery—Committee for Improving the Condition of the Free Blacks. Address of the Committee for Improving the Condition of the Free Blacks to the Members of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society, and to the Public in General. Philadelphia : Printed by J. Ormrod, No. 41, Chesnut-street, 1800.
Call No.: Y1800 .Pen
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth. An Address Delivered in Charleston: Before the Agricultural Society of South-Carolina, At Its Anniversary Meeting, on Tuesday, the 18th August, 1829.Charleston : Published by order of the Society, printed by A. E. Miller, no. 4, Broad Street, 1829.
Call No.: Pamphlets E446 .P53 1829
Bolling, Philip A. The Speeches of Philip A. Bolling, (of Buckingham,) in the House of Delegates of Virginia, on the Policy of the State in Relations to Her Colored Population: Delivered on the 1th and 25th of January, 1832. Richmond, Printed by T. W. White, 1832.
Call No.: E441 Box .B6926 S5 1832
Garrison, William Lloyd. Address Delivered in Boston, New-York and Philadelphia: Before the Free People of Color, in April, 1833. New-York : Printed for the free people of color, 1833.
Call No.: E449 .G24 1833
Jay, William, 1789-1858. An Inquiry into the Character and Tendency of the American Colonization, and American Anti-Slavery Societies / by William Jay. 2d ed. New York : Leavitt, Lord & co.; Boston : Crocker & Brewster, 1835.
Call No.: E448 .J42 1835
Child, Lydia Maria Francis. The Evils of Slavery, and the Cure of Slavery: The First Proved by the Opinions of Southerners Themselves, the Last Shown by Historical Evidence. Newburyport: published by Charles Whipple, 1836.
Call No.: E441 Box .C5365 E7 1839
Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women. An Address to Free Colored Americans / Issued by an Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women, Held in the City of New-York, by Adjournments from 9th to 12th May, 1837. New York: printed by William S. Dorr, 1837.
Call No.: E441 Box .A6295 A17
The American Anti-Slavery Almanac, for 1839: Being the Third After Leap-Year, and the 63d of American Independence. Calculated for New York ; Adapted to the Northern and Middle States. New York : Published for the American Anti-Slavery Society. S.W. Benedict, 143, Nassau St., 
Call No.: Y1838.American
Abolitionism Exposed Corrected. By a Physician, Formerly Resident of the South. With a Plan for Abolishing the American Anti-Slavery Society and Its Auxiliaries. By a Tennesseean. Philadelphia, J. Sharp, 1838.
Call No.: E441 Box .A1546
Carey, John L. Some Thoughts Concerning Domestic Slavery: In a Letter to…Baltimore: Joseph N. Lewis, 258 Market St.:John D. Toy, printer, 1838.
Call No.: E449 .C27
Ballou, Adin. Non-Resistance in Relation to Human Governments. Boston : Non-Resistance society, 1839. Notes: "This tract contains the remarks of Adin Ballou at the first annual meeting of the Non-resistance society, held in Boston, Sept. 25, 1839."
Call No.: E449 .B19 1839
Colton, Calvin. Colonization and Abolition Contrasted. [Philadelphia]: Published by Herman Hooker, corner of Fifth and Chesnut streets, Philadelphia, 1839.
Call No.: E441 Box .C7255 C5
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. On Receiving Donations from Holders of Slaves.
Boston: Printed by Perkins and Marvin, [1840?]
Call No.: E441 Box .A5124 O3
Smith, Gerrit. To the Proslavery Ministers of the County of Madison: So You Are Really Afraid That Our County Will Declare Herself for the Slave, at the Approaching Election! God be Praised, That You Have Reason to Be! ....
[Peterboro, N.Y.?: s.n., 1843].
Call No.: SY1843 no.13
Smith, James McCune. The Destiny of the People of Color: A Lecture, Delivered Before the Philomathean Society and Hamilton Lyceum, in January, 1841. New York: Published by request, 1843.
Call No.: E441 Box.S6532 D3 1843
Garnet, Henry Highland. The Past and the Present Condition, and the Destiny, of the Colored Race: A Discourse Delivered at the Fifteenth Anniversary of the Female Benevolent Society of Troy, N.Y., Feb. 14, 1848. Troy, N.Y.: Steam Press of J.C. Kneeland and Co., 1848..
Call No.: E29 .N3 Box 2
Brookes, Iveson L. A Defence of the South Against the Reproaches and Incroachments [sic] of the North: In Which Slavery Is Shown to be An Institution of God Intended to Form the Basis of the Best Social State and the Only Safeguard to the Permanence of a Republican Government. Publisher Hamburg, S.C.: Printed at the Republican Office, 1850.
Call No.: E441 Box .B8727 D3
Bryan, Edward B. The Rightful Remedy Addressed to the Slaveholders of the South. Pub. for the Southern Rights Association..Charleston, Press of Walker & James, 1850.
Call No.: E441 Box .B9152 R6
Garnett, Muscoe Russell Hunter. The Union, Past and Future: How It Works, And How to Save It / by a citizen of Virginia. Charleston [S.C.]: Steam-power press of Walker & James, No. 101 East-Bay, 1850.
Call No.: E423 .G23 1850
Beecher, Henry Ward. Great Speech, Delivered in New York City, by Henry Ward Beecher, On the Conflict of Northern and Southern Theories of Man and Society, January 14, 1855. Rochester : Steam press of A. Strong & Co., cor. of State and Buffalo streets, 1855.
Call No.: Y1855.Beech
Douglass, Frederick. Two Speeches, by Frederick Douglass: One on West India Emancipation, Delivered at Canandaigua, Aug. 4th, and the other on the Dred Scott Decision, Delivered in New York, on the Occasion of the Anniversary of the American Abolition Society, May, 1857…Rochester, N.Y.: C.P. Dewey, printer, .
Call No.: E441 Box .D7377 T8
Phillips, Wendell. The Lesson of the Hour: Lecture of Wendell Phillips, Delivered at Brooklyn, N.Y., Tuesday evening, November 1, 1859. [S.l. : s.n., 1859?].
Call No.: E449 .P55 1859
Clarke, James Freeman. Secession, Concession, Or Self-Possession: Which? Boston: Walker, Wise, and Company, 245, Washington Street, 1861.
Call No.: E440.5 .C59 1861
Channing, William Ellery. Tribute of William Ellery Channing to the American Abolitionists, for their Vindication of Freedom of Speech. New York, American Anti-slavery Society, 1861
Call No.: E441 Box .C4585 T6
Tappan, Lewis. The War: Its Cause and Remedy. [New York : s.n., 1861].
Call No.: E453 .T35 1861
Van Evrie, John H. Negroes and Negro "Slavery:" the First An Inferior Race: the Latter Its Normal Condition.
New York, Van Evrie, Horton & co., 1861.
Call No.: E449 .V25
III. Written by Slaves and Freed Slaves
Following are just a few of the materials written by slaves and freed slaves in the library’s collection. Search the online catalog (www.bobcat.nyu.edu/nyhistory) to identify additional sources.
Hammon, Jupiter. An Evening’s Improvement: Shewing, the Necessity of Beholding the Lamb of God.: To Which Is Added…Written by Jupiter Hammon, a Negro Man Belonging to Mr. John Lloyd, of Queen’s Village, on Long-Island, now in Hartford. Hartford: Printed for the author, by the assistance of his friends, .
Call No.: SY1760 no.2
Equiano, Olaudah. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African / written by himself. First American edition. New-York : Printed and sold by W. Durell, at his book-store and printing-office, No. 19, Q. Street, M,DCC,XCI. .
Call No.: Y1791 .Equiano
Wheatley, Phillis. Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral. / By Phillis Wheatley, Negro Servant to Mr. John Wheatley, of Boston, in New England. London: Printed for A. Bell, bookseller, Aldgate; and sold by Messrs. Cox and Berry, King-street, Boston., MDCCLXXIII. 
Call No.: Y1773.Wheat Poems
Williams, James. Narrative of James Williams, an American Slave, Who Was for Several Years A Driver on a Cotton Plantation in Alabama. New York: Published by the American Anti-Slavery Society, no. 143 Nassau Street.; Boston: : Isaac Knapp, 25 Cornhill., 1838.
Call No.: E444 .W73 1838
Brown, William Wells. Narrative of William W. Brown, a fugitive slave /written by himself… Boston : The Anti-slavery office, 1847.
Call No.: E444 .B88 184
Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave/written by himself. Boston: Anti-Slavery Office, 1849.
Call No.: E441 Box .D7377 N3 1849
Henson, Josiah. The life of Josiah Henson,formerly a slave, now an inhabitant of Canada,as narrated by himself. Boston, A.D. Phelps, 1849.
Call No.: E441 Box .H5265 A3
Watson, Henry. Narrative of Henry Watson, A Fugitive Slave. Boston: Published by Bela Marsh ..., 1848.
Call No.: E441 Box.W3386 N3
Green, William, former slave. Narrative of Events in the Life of William Green. Written by himself..
Springfield [Mass.] L. M. Guernsey, printer, 1853.
Call No.: E441 Box .G7986 N3
Northup, Soloman. Twelve years a slave :Narrative of Solomon Northup, a citizen of New-York, kidnapped in Washington City in 1841, and rescued in 1853, from a cotton plantation near the Red River, in Louisiana. Auburn [N.Y.] : Derby and Miller ; Buffalo : Derby, Orton and Mulligan ; London : Sampson Low, Son & Company, 1853.
Call No.: E444 .N87
Gilbert, Olive. Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a northern slave, emancipated from bodily servitude by the state of New York, in 1828. Boston: Printed for the author, 1850.
Call No.: CT.T8745 G5
Wilson, Harriet.Our Nig, or, Sketches from the Life of a Free Black, in a Two-Story White House, North : Showing that Slavery's Shadows Fall Even There / by "Our Nig." Boston: Printed by Geo. C. Rand & Avery, 1859.
Call No.: Y1859.Wilson Our
Jacobs, Harriet A. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl / Written by Herself.; Edited by L. Maria Child.
Boston: Published for the author., 1862, c1860. ([Boston] : Stereotyped at the Boston Stereotype Foundry.)
Call No.: Y1862.Jacobs
Keckley, Elizabeth. Behind the Scenes, Or, Thirty Years A Slave, and Four Years in the White House. New York : G.W. Carleton & Co., publishers, 1868.
Call No.: CT.L7 K35
Following are just a few examples of the broadsides in the library’s collection representing both pro-slavery and anti-slavery positions, listed in chronological order. Notices of slave sales and rewards for runaway slaves are included in the broadside collection. Search the library’s online catalog (www.bobcat.nyu.edu/nyhistory) to identify additional sources.
Boston, April 20th, 1773. : Sir, The efforts made by the legislative [sic] of this province in their last sessions to free themselves from slavery, gave us, who are in that deplorable state, a high degree of satisfacton [sic]. ... We cannot but wish and hope sir, that you will have the same grand object, we mean civil and religious liberty, in view in your next session. ... [Boston, Mass. : s.n., 1773]
Call No.: SY1773 no.22
Colonization Aid Society. Constitution of the Colonization Aid Society. Whereas, we deeply lament the existence of slavery in any part of the American republic, we are unwilling to encroach upon the rights, or do violence to the feelings, of any of our fellow-citizens of the slave-holding states, by an interference with that species of property ...[United States. : s.n., 18--].
Call No.: SY18-- no.106
New York (State). -- Legislature. An act to prevent frauds and perjuries at elections, and to prevent slaves from voting. Passed April 9th, 1811. [Albany, N.Y. : s.n., 1811]
Call No.: SY1811 no.32
20 dollars reward. : Ran away from the subscriber, living near Big Spring, within ten miles of Hagers-town, on the road leading to Hancock-town, on the 25th inst. a bright mulatto man named Ned ...
[Washington County, Md. : s.n., 1811] Signed: Hugh M'Calley. Dated: Washington County, December 27, 1811.
N-YHS copy: manuscript annotation at foot of text reads: [fist] 3 times in N.Y. 13 masters of vessels ferrymen etc. are hereby cauted from taking him on bord [initialed] H. M. paid $1.25.
Call No.: SY1811 no.38
Anti-slavery Convention (1833 : Philadelphia, Pa.) .: Declaration of the National Anti-Slavery Convention :held in Philadelphia on the 4th, 5th, & 6th of December 1833.. New York, N. Y.: P.A. Mesier's Lith 28 Wall St., [1833?].
Call No.: SY1833 no.25 Oversize
Emancipator.---Extra : The Abolition of Slavery: A Plea for the Oppressed. Addressed to Christians of All Sects, and Philanthropists of Every Distinction. [New York, N.Y.: s.n., 1833]
Call No.: SY1833 no.52
Turner, Thomas B. 100 dollars reward. Ran away from me on Friday morning the 20th instant, my negro man Henry… [Charles Town, W. Va.] : Printed at the Free Press Office, Charlestown, Va., .
Call No.: SY1837 no.18
A Startling fact!! : a coincidence. [United States : s.n., 1844] Notes: "In the year 1819 a bill passed the House of Representatives in Congress, providing that all slaves which should hereafter be born in Arkansas, should become free on arriving at the age of twenty-five. The vote, however, was reconsidered, and the provision finally rejected by the casting vote of the speaker, Henry Clay ..."
Call No.: SY1844 no.76
Facts for the intelligent voters of Old Essex. [Massachusetts : s.n., 1849]
Notes "Stephen H. Phillips, the son and principal ally of the Free Soil candidate for governor, stated at a Free Soil meeting in Lynn, on Friday evening last, that he had written to Robert Rantoul, Jr., asking his view on the subject of slavery ..." November 10, 1849.
Call No.: SY1849 no.24
Commissioner's sale. : On Tuesday, the 12th day of November, 1850, pursuant to a decree pronounced at the September term of the Lincoln Circuit Court, in the case of Montgomery Lytle, guardian, &c. against Lytle's heirs, &c., I will, as commissioner, sell at public sale to the highest bidder, on the premises, the tract of land on which Robert Lytle, deceased, resided ... Danville, Ky.: Jno. F. Zimmerman & Son, prs.--Tribune Printing Office, Danville, Ky.,  Notes "... Said land lies in Lincoln County, 7 miles from Danville, 4 1/2 from Stanford and 6 from Lancaster. The land is first rate, and the improvements comfortable. Also, at the same time and place, I will sell 13 negroes, likely, consisting of men, women and children ..." Signed and dated: Hayden J. McRoberts, com.r. Lincoln County, October 18, 1850
Call No.: SY1850 no.38
To the Honorable the members of the Senate and Assembly of the State of New-York: :The undersigned were much surprised to learn that a committee from the Honorable, the Senate of this state, had reported favorable to the petition presented by a body calling themselves "The New-York and Liberia Emigration and Agricultural Association," which petition prays for the appropriation of a large amount of money from the state funds, in aid of said association. .... [New York, N.Y. : s.n., 1852].
Call No.: SY1852 no.120
Sectionalism defeated forever. [New York, N.Y.] : Fitzgerald's Steam Printing Works, New York. 
Notes Satirical anti-Frémont and anti-abolitionist broadside illustrated with fourteen relief cuts.
"... Steamer black Republicanism! for Salt River direct! Col. John C. Fremont, master. Will leave Sugar Alley dock for Salt River direct, on Wednesday, Nov. 5th, 1856, at 3 o'clock, P.M. Also, on the first Wednesday of each month, until the 4th of March next, to accommodate all. List of officers ..."
Call No.: SY1856 no.59
New York City and County Suffrage Committee of Colored Citizens. The Suffrage Question: In Relation to Colored Voters in the State of New York / [respectfully submitted by the New York City and County Suffrage Committee of Colored Citizens ; James M’Cune Smith, chairman]. [New York, N.Y.? : s.n., 1860?]
Call No.: SY1860 no.140
V. Songbooks, Song Sheets and Sheet Music
Following are just a few examples of songbooks, song sheets and sheet music in the library’s collection representing both pro-slavery and anti-slavery positions, listed in chronological order. Search the library’s online catalog (www.bobcat.nyu.edu/nyhistory) to identify additional sources.
Bruce, Helen. Song of the slave bride. / By Helen Bruce. Alternate title Home, home, oh weary soul, haste to thy lover's breast. Publisher [United States? : s.n., 18--]
Call No.: SY-B18-- no.41
Lincoln, Jairus. Anti-Slavery Melodies: for the friends of freedom. Hingam, MA: Elijah B. Gill, 1843.
Call No.: M168 1843. L56
Anti-slavery hymns and songs, for the convention at Abington, July 4, 1848. Abington, Mass.: s.n., 1848.
Call No.: SY1848 no.50
Hymns for the Liberator soiree, Friday evening, January 24th, 1851. [Boston, Mass. : s.n., 1851].
Call No.: SY1851 no.43
Foster, Stephen Collins, 1826-1864.: Massa's in de cold ground. Philadelphia : A.W. Auner's Song and Stationery Store, No. 5 N. Tenth Street, above Market, [1853 or 1854].
Call No.: SY-B1853 No. 39
Dig, dig, dig, or Hush-a-bye baby. [New York : J. Andrews?, between 1853 and 1859].
Call No.: SY-B1853 No. 54
Wood, Henry. Poor Uncle Tom. :This song was suggested by the incidents to be found in Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe's celebrated work, entitled "Uncle Tom's cabin," and sung nightly, with tremendous applause, by Wood's celebrated Minstrels, at 444 Broadway, N.Y.. [New York, N.Y. : s.n., 1852].
Call No.: SY-B1853 no.325
All hail, ye gallant freemen true! :for the mass meeting at Oyster Bay, September 20, 1856.. [Oyster Bay, N.Y.? : s.n., 1856].
Call No.: SY-B1856 no.3
Fremont & Dayton. United States: s.n., 1856
Call No.: SY1856 no.134
Hymns and songs for the celebration of British West India emancipation, at Abington, August 1,
1856. Boston, Mass.: Prentiss & Sawyer, printers, 19 Water Street, Boston., 1856.
Call No.: SY1856 no.70.
Emancipation ode. [United States : s.n., 1863?].
Call No.; SY-B1863 no.27
V. Newspapers & Periodicals
Following is a comprehensive list of newspapers and periodicals relating to slavery in the library’s collection.
New York Evangelist
National Anti-Slavery Standard
New York Weekly Caucasian
New York Day Book (daily)
New York Weekly Day Book
New York National Advocate
1824-1825; scattered issue only
Friend of Man
1836-1837; scattered issues only
African Methodist Episcopal Church Magazine. [Brooklyn, N.Y.: s.n., ].
Call No.: BX8440 .A5
N-YHS library holds Volume 1, Nos. 7-12 (July 1843-May 1844).
Douglass’ Monthly. Rochester, N.Y.: [s.n.].
Call No.: E449 .D75 Oversize
N-YHS library holds Volume 3, Nos. 8 & 11 (January & April 1861) and Volume 4, Nos. 1, 3 & 6 (June, August & November 1861).
The Mirror of Liberty. New-York: David Ruggles, 1838.
Call No.: Y Period.M Oversize
N-YHS holds Volume 1, No. 1 (July 1838).
The Students’ Repository: A Quarterly Periodical, Devoted to Education, Morality, and General Improvement. Indiana : S.H. Smothers.
Call No.: L11 .S933
N-YHS library holds: Volume 1, No. 1-Volume 2, No. 2 (July 1863-October 1864).
The American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Reporter. New York: American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society
Call No.: E449 .A491 Oversize
N-YHS library holds: Vol. 2, no. 1 (Sept 1844)
The Anti-slavery examiner. New York: The American Anti-Slavery Society.
Call No.: E449 .A623
N-YHS library holds: Vols. 1-14 (Aug. 1836 to 1840)
The Anti-Slavery Record. New York: American Anti-Slavery Society, 1835-38.
Call No.: E449 .A623
N-YHS library holds: Vols. 1 – 3 (Jan 1835 - Dec 1837)
The Antisavery Reporter and Aborigines' Friend. London, L. Wild [etc.]
Call No.: HT851 .A7 Oversize
N-YHS library holds: Vols. 1-6; New ser. 1-7 (1840-1852)
The library holds a small number of maps relating to slavery. Search the library’s map database (http://dlib.nyu.edu/nyhs/maps/) to identify printed maps; to find manuscript maps, the majority of which are contained within the manuscript collections listed above, use the library’s online catalog (www.bobcat.nyu/nyhistory). Following are examples of the types of maps available at the library.
Reynolds, William C. Reynolds's Political Map of the United States, Designed to Exhibit the Comparative Area of the Free and Slave States, and the Territory Open to Slavery or Freedom by the Repeal of the Missouri Compromise [of 1820], 1856.
Bloss, William C. Map of the United States and Territories, Showing the Possessions and Aggressions of the Slave Power, 1856. Note: Text includes anti-slavery appeals by Charles Sumner and Henry Ward Beecher, and quotations from Jefferson, Madison et al.
VIII. Photographs & Prints
Daguerreotype of Caesar, a slave.
Call No.: Cased Photograph File, PR-012-2-323
Carte de visite photograph file
Call No.: PR-011
Includes carte de visite of Sojourner Truth
Civil War stereographs
1861-1865, some published later
Call No.: Stereograph File, 771-815
For more information: http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/nyhs/stereocw.html
Collection includes images of “contrabands,” escaped slaves who fought for the Union.
Note: many of these stereographs may be viewed at the Library of Congress’ American Memory website:
Photographs of the War of the Rebellion [graphic]
Photographs 1861-1865, some printed later.
31 vol. (photographic prints)
Call No.: PR-088
Collection includes images of slaves and Southern plantations.
Call No.: PR-065
For more information: http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/nyhs/stereograph.html
African Americans, including slaves, are depicted in a range of settings.
Subject file [graphic]
ca. 30,000 items (prints and photographs).
Call no.: PR-068
For more information: http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/nyhs/subject.html
The many images of slavery include an albumen print showing the interior of a slave pen in Alexandria, Virginia, and a French engraving of a slave sale in America. A number of prints cut from newspapers in 1858-9 detail the story of 200 captured slaves who were taken to Liberia on the steam-frigate Niagara. Also included here are group photographs of African American Civil War soldiers and a set of albumen photographs from 1863-1864 of paintings by T. Waterman Wood of African American soldiers titled "The Contraband," "The Recruit," and "The Veteran."
IX. Digital Collection
Manuscript Collections Relating to Slavery
The 14 collections on this website are among the most important of the manuscript collections relating to slavery, held by the New-York Historical Society Library. They consist of diaries, account books, letter books, ships’ logs, indentures, bills of sale, personal papers and records of institutions. Some of the highlights of these collections include the records of the New York Manumission Society and the African Free School, the diaries and correspondence of English abolitionists Granville Sharp and John Clarkson, the papers of the Boston anti-slavery activist Lysander Spooner, the records of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society, the draft of Charles Sumner’s famous speech The Anti-Slavery Enterprise and an account book kept by the slave trading firm Bolton, Dickens & Co.
Examination Days: The New York African Free School Collection
In 1787 the New York Manumission Society created the African Free School with the primary goal of educating black children. It began as a single-room schoolhouse with about forty students, the majority of whom were the children of slaves, and taught them a variety of practical subjects. By the time it was absorbed into the New York City public school system in 1835, it had educated thousands of children, including many who went on to become notable leaders. With the support of the Russell Sage Foundation, the N-YHS has launched a comprehensive Web site, showcasing actual examples of students’ work from 1816 through 1826, offering an unparalleled glimpse into the little-known history of African-American life in New York City in the late 18th and early 19th centuries as well as pedagogical techniques used at that time.
An Annotated Bibliography of Printed American Judaica, 1676-1835
Patricia D. Klingenstein Library of the New-York Historical Society Library
Compiled and written by Sarah Levy, Library Intern, Summer 2017
- This bibliography relies for the most part on Robert Singerman’s Judaica Americana. Unlike Singerman, however, it includes Christian Hebraism.
- The genre, subject, and note lines are taken from the online catalog of the N-YHS library.
- Check the library’s catalog (bobcat.library.nyu.edu/nyhistory) for more information on any entry.
- “nn” means that Singerman does not note the New-York Historical Society’s holding of the item.
- The bibliography is in chronological order.
1. Hubbard, William. The happiness of a people in the wisdome of their rulers directing and in the obedience of their brethren attending unto what Israel ougho [!] to do: recommended in a sermon before the Honourable Governour and Council, and the respected Deputies of the Mattachusets [!] colony in New-England. Preached at Boston, May 3d. 1676. being the day of election there. (Boston, Printed by John Foster, 1676).
An election day address delivered before the leaders of the Massachusetts Bay colony by William Hubbard (1621-1704), a clergyman and historian who studied medicine and theology as a member of the first graduating class of Harvard. As the minister of Ipswich, Hubbard was known for his more moderate and liberal values; in this sermon, he critiques the harsher aspects of New England’s spiritual leadership while still promoting obedience to the government and to one’s place in the hierarchy. “It is order that gave beauty to this godly fabric of the world.” The Puritans in America saw themselves as new Israelites entering the promised land, and Hubbard cites a multiplicity of Biblical examples to make his point about the relationship between people and government.
- Genre/Form: Christian discourse/sermon
- Subject: Election sermons -- Massachusetts.
- Notes: Issued with the author’s A narrative of the troubles with the Indians in New-England.
- References: Singerman 0001, Evans 214
- Call number: Y 1677 .H
2. Colman, Benjamin. A discourse had in the College-Hall at Cambridge, March 27. 1722. Before the baptism of R. Judah Monis… To which are added three discourses written by Mr. Monis himself, The truth, The whole truth, and, Nothing but the truth. One of which was deliver’d by him at his baptism. (Boston: Printed by S. Kneeland for Daniel Henchman, 1722).
One discourse by Coleman, a Boston pastor, and three by Judah Monis (1683-1764), a Jew who converted to Christianity shortly before accepting a Christian-only teaching position at Harvard (see Entry 5). His conversion, which Coleman calls “an occasion so rare and singular,” was viewed angrily by Jews and skeptically by Christians. These discourses, in which Monis uses proofs from Jewish sources to defend the truth of Christianity and Jesus, were part of an attempt to prove sincerity to his new faith. The respected Reverend Increase Mather writes in the preface that Monis (the first Jew he knows to have converted) is an honest convert and an asset to the Christian religion.
- Genre/Form: Christian discourse/sermon
- Subject: Monis, Judah, 1683-1764; Christianity; Judaism -- Works to 1900; Bookbinding -- United States -- Specimens; Watermarks -- Specimens.
- Notes: Each of the four discourses has a separate title page and pagination; the third and fourth are signed continuously. None of the discourses is known to have been issued separately.
- References: Singerman 0015, Rosenbach 17, Evans 2324
- Call number: Y1722.Colma Disco
3. Willard, Samuel. The fountain opened: or, The admirable blessings plentifully to be dispensed at the national conversion of the Jews. From Zech. XIII, I. Second edition. (Boston: Printed by B. Green, 1722).
Religious treatise arguing that the conversion of the Jews to Christianity is inevitable and will lead to much good. Willard (1640-1707), who served as a teacher of a church in Boston and vice president of Harvard, claims that when the Jews finally return to God and accept Jesus as the true messiah, “there shall be a more peculiar opening of Christ as a fountain of life,” leading to “spiritual felicity.”
- Genre/Form: Christian discourse/sermon
- Subject: Jews -- Conversion to Christianity
- Notes: The Appendix, p. 31-40, is signed: Sept. 21. 1722. Samuel Sewall; p. 39 misnumbered 37; t.p. "Or" O displaced downward; paper repair on t.p. verso
- References: Singerman 0019, Rosenbach 23, Evans 2406
- Call number: Y1722
4. The Decree in the case of Solomon De Medina, Mosesson and Company, merchants in London, and Roderigo Pacheco, Jacob De Lara and Manuel de Costa, bearers of their orders, complainants against Rene Het and the executors of Andrew Fresneau, deceased, defendants, in cancellaria Nova-Eborac. (New York: Printed and Sold by William Bradford, 1728).
Solomon de Medina (1650-1730), an army contractor for King William III of England and one of the greatest Jewish banker-merchants of his day, was the first Jew to be knighted. In 1721, a shipment of tobacco he’d purchased from the King of Spain was seized by a British captain and brought to New York. The captain filed a libel for the rights to the cargo, but the New York Admiralty rejected it. Medina sent Roderigo Pacheco, a prominent Jewish merchant in New York, to retrieve his tobacco. When the merchants holding the tobacco refused to give it up, Medina sued. As this Decree states, the defendants were found guilty of fraud. They were ordered to turn over all the tobacco they were still holding and pay Medina back for whatever they had sold.
- Genre/Form: court decree
- Subject: De Medina, Solomon; Het, Rene; Fresnau, Andrew; Pacheco, Roderigo; De Laura, Jacob; De Costa, Manuel; Mosesson and Company; Equity -- New York (State) -- New York; New York (N.Y.) -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775 -- Sources
- Notes: “The New York Historical Society from Charles Ewer, 1847”
- References: Singerman 0022, Rosenbach 26, Evans 3019
- Call number: Y1728 .De M Oversize
5. Monis, Judah. Dikduk Leshon ʻivrit = Dickdook Leshon Gnebreet = A Grammar of the Hebrew Tongue, being an Essay to bring the Hebrew Grammar into English… (Boston: Printed by Jonas Green, 1735).
The first Hebrew grammar printed in America, composed by Judah Monis (see Entry 2), the first Hebrew lecturer in North America and the first Jew to receive a college degree in the American colonies. Monis wrote this book as a textbook for his students at Harvard and for others who wished to read the Old Testament in its original language. It was required reading for all Harvard students for 25 years, and until Harvard imported the Hebrew type needed to print this book, Monis’s students had to copy the textbook by hand. Includes the first American-English versions of the Lord’s Prayer and the Apostles’ Creed. Heavy emphasis on the use of Hebrew vowel points for pronunciation.
- Genre/Form: Hebrew grammar
- Subject: Hebrew language -- Grammar -- Early works to 1800
- Notes: Inscription on front free end-paper: "Samuel Eaton his Grammar. Precd. Oct. 2d: 1759. | Began to learn Octo. 5. 1759. | Perus’d by Sam Eaton A.M et C.D.M." Ms. note on t.p., above title: "Went to the [Presidt?] for this Grammar, 1759, S. Eaton." Also bearing Samuel Eaton’s autograph on front cover and ms. notes within the text. Bound in original paper wrappers.
- References: Singerman 0024, Rosenbach 28, Evans 393, Deinard 165
- Call number: Y1735.Monis
6. Franckel, David ben Naphtali Hirchel. A thanksgiving sermon, for the important and astonishing victory obtain’d on the fifth of December, 1757. By the glorious king of Prussia, over the united, and far superior forces of the Austrians in Silesia: : preach’d on the Sabbath of the tenth of said month at the synagogue of the Jews, in Berlin. 9th and 10th editions. (Boston: Reprinted and sold by Green and Russell, 1758).
Originally printed in Berlin, translated from German into English and reprinted in London and Boston. Franckel (1704-1762), chief-rabbi of Berlin, Talmudist, and teacher of Moses Mendelssohn (see also Entries 54 and 76), delivered this sermon to thank God for Prussia’s recent military success against Austria in the Seven Years’ War. He quotes nearly the entire chapter 14 from Genesis to draw a parallel between Abraham’s miraculous victory in Biblical times to King Frederick’s miraculous victory in the modern day. He patriotically implores God to continue to protect the king and reminds the Jewish community how they had engaged in a day of public prayer and humiliation for this very outcome. Even at a time when Jews had very few political rights in Prussia, there was a growing desire to show their identification with the larger national body.
- Genre/Form: Jewish discourse/sermon
- Subject: Sermons, German; Thanksgiving Day -- Sermons -- 18th century; Jewish sermons -- 18th century; Seven Years’ War, 1756-1763
- References: Singerman 0030 (variant), Rosenbach 35, Evans 8128
- Call number: Y1758.Fra Thank (9th edition), Y 1758.Frank Thank (tenth edition)
7. Sewall, Stephen. An Hebrew grammar. Collected chiefly from those [notes] of Mr. Israel Lyons, teacher of Hebrew in the University of Cambridge; and the Rev. Richard Grey, D.D. Rector of Hinton, in Northamptonshire. Includes a praxis, taken from the sacred classics, and containing a specimen of the whole Hebrew language: with a sketch of the Hebrew poetry, as retrieved by Bishop Hare. (Boston: Printed by R. and S. Draper, for the honorable and reverend president and fellows of Harvard-College, 1763).
Sewall (1734-1804) was the Harvard Hebrew lecturer and the first chair of Hebrew at an American college. His textbook replaced the one written by his predecessor, Judah Monis (see Entry 05).
- Genre/Form: Hebrew grammar
- Subject: Hebrew language -- Grammar; Hebrew poetry
- Notes: Copy imperfect: leaf [A]1 mutilated affecting text; Calligraphic signature of John Wentworth on front free endpaper, signature and date on leaf [A]1r: John Wentworth’s Hebrew G[...] November Second one thous[...] and sixty four. (inscription partially lost to mutilation)
- References: Rosenbach 43, Evans 9514
- Call number: Y1763.Sewa
8. Pinto, Isaac. Prayers for Shabbath, Rosh-Hashanah and Kippur, or, The Sabbath, the beginning of the year, and the Day of Atonements; : with the Amidah and Musaph of the Moadim, or solemn seasons, according to the order of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews. (New York: Printed by John M. Holt, A.M. 5526 ).
The first complete English translation of a Jewish prayer-book and the first Jewish prayer-book to be published in America. Includes the prayers for the Sabbath and holidays (and a prayer for King George) according to the tradition of Sephardic Jews. Translated by Isaac Pinto (1720-1791), Jewish merchant and scholar, member of Congregation Shearith Israel, and one of the first official translators hired by the United States government. Synagogue services at Shearith Israel were conducted in Hebrew, “the sacred tongue with which God chose to reveal himself to our ancestors,” but Pinto decided an English translation was necessary because “many [congregants] know Hebrew imperfectly, and some not at all.” Pinto’s version is English only; later translations included Hebrew and English side by side.
- Genre/Form: Jewish liturgical book
- Subject: Judaism -- Sephardic rite -- Early works to 1800; Judaism -- Sephardic rite -- Prayers and devotions -- Early works to 1800.
- References: Singerman 0040, Rosenbach 46-47 (variant), Evans 10343-44, Deinard 951
- Call number: Y1766.Sid Pra
9. Green, Jacob. An inquiry into the constitution and discipline of the Jewish Church; : in order to cast some light on the controversy, concerning qualifications for the sacraments of the New Testament. With an appendix. (New York: Printed by Hugh Gaine at the Bible and Crown in Hanover-Square, 1768).
Entering an ongoing theological debate about the sacraments, Green (1722-1790) refutes the claim that the Old Testament covenant between God and the Jewish people proves that church membership and the sacraments must be available to all. Rather, he argues from the New Testament that only those who are saved can truly enter the Church, and that only God can determine who is saved (the Calvinist position). He follows his argument with a description and Q & A of Presbyterian principles. Throughout his life, Green, a reformer, theologian, and minister, was dedicated to purifying the church by raising standards and ensuring that all members were performing good works and leading exemplary lives.
- Genre/Form: Christian discourse/sermon
- Subject: Jews -- Politics and government -- Early works to 1800; Judaism -- Early works to 1800; Covenant theology -- Early works to 1800; Church membership -- Early works to 1800.
- References: Singerman 0043, Rosenbach 49, Evans 10915
- Call number: Y1768.Green Inq
10. Karigal, Haijm Isaac. A sermon preached at the synagogue, in Newport, Rhode-Island, called "The salvation of Israel:" on the day of Pentecost, or Feast of Weeks, the 6th day of the month Sivan, the year of the creation, 5533: or, May 28, 1773. Being the anniversary of giving the law at Mount Sinai. (Newport, RI: Printed and sold by S. Southwick, 1773).
A sermon given by “the learned and venerable” Rabbi Haijm Isaac Karigal of Hebron (1733-1777) for the Newport synagogue of Rhode Island on the holiday of Shavuoth (Pentecost), the day Jews believe they were given the Torah by God. Emphasizes the importance of adhering to both the written law of the Torah (“the bread”) and the divine tradition that governs Jewish lives (“the wine”). Refutes the “heretics” who deny God’s role in shaping history and claim that parts of the law can be abandoned or changed. Translated from Spanish by Abraham Lopez.
- Genre/Form: Jewish discourse/sermon
- Subject: Bible. O.T. Psalms LXVIII, 8 -- Sermons -- Early works to 1800; Jewish sermons, American -- 18th century; Shavuot sermons -- 18th century; Shavuot -- Early works to 1800
- References: Singerman 0048 (NYHS not noted), Rosenbach 58, Evans 12833
- Call number: Y1773.Kari Sermon
11. Adams, Hannah. An alphabetical compendium of the various sects which have appeared in the world from the beginning of the Christian æra to the present day. With an appendix, containing a brief account of the different schemes of religion now embraced among mankind. The whole collected from the best authors, ancient and modern. (Boston: Printed by B. Edes & Sons, no. 42, Cornhill., M,DCC,LXXXIV. ).
- Subject: Religion -- Dictionaries.
- Notes: Preface signed and dated: Thomas Prentiss, Medfield, September 2, 1784. Second and third editions (Boston, 1791 and 1801, respectively) published with title: View of religions ; fourth edition (Boston, 1817) has title: A dictionary of all religions. cf. Sabin, Bibliotheca americana.
- References: Singerman 0057 nn, Evans 18319, Marcus 6
- Call Number: BL31 .A3 1784
12. Cursory remarks on men and measures in Georgia. ([United States : s.n.], Printed in the year MDCCLXXXIV. ).
An attack on a corrupt (unnamed) Chief Justice by “a citizen” of Georgia who felt duty-bound to expose to society the character of such an evil man. One of the wrongs this Chief Justice committed was ruling in favor of a Jew who claimed that an Indian, being an Indian, had no right to sue him. The author goes on to explain that technically Jews should have no rights of citizenship in America and that Jews are not entirely suited for republican government; their insidious plan to take control of the government and outlaw Christianity must be stopped. Of course, the author assures his readers, he is entirely without prejudice to those of other religions.
- Genre/Form: political pamphlet
- Subject: Jews -- Georgia -- Early works to 1800; Justice, Administration of -- Georgia -- Early works to 1800; Due process of law -- Georgia -- Early works to 1800; Georgia -- Politics and government -- 1775-1865
- References: Singerman 0059, Evans 18430
- Call number: Y1784 .Curs
13. Ellwood, Thomas. Davideis, the life of David, King of Israel : a sacred poem : in five books. (Philadelphia: Printed and sold by Joseph Crukshank, M DCC LXXXV. )
Relates the story of the Biblical King David of Israel in verse. Written especially for the youth, of either sex, “to improve their time and studies by employing both in reading better books, and on better subjects, than too many of them too often do.” Doesn’t shy away from David’s sins, which are great for teaching lessons.
- Genre/Form: long epic
- Subject: David, King of Israel -- Poetry.
- References: Singerman 0027 nn, Evans 6667 19001
- Call Number: Y 1785 .E
14. Edwards, Jonathan. Observations on the language of the Muhhekaneew Indians: in which the extent of that language in North America is shewn, its genius is grammatically traced, some of its peculiarities, and some instances of analogy between that and the Hebrew are pointed out ... (New Haven: Josiah Meigs, 1788).
Primarily a discussion of the Mohegan language and grammar and a lesser discussion of comparative grammar and vocabulary of the Algonquian languages. The author lived among the Indians at Stockbridge his whole life to the effect that “even all my thoughts ran in Indian… it became more familiar to me than my mother tongue.” With this special background, he is able to refute some incorrect notions about the Mohegan language’s simplicity, discusses the peculiarities of the Mohegan language, and show the similarities it shares with different native languages. Edwards presents evidence to support the theory that the Indian languages resemble Hebrew, but he leaves open the question of whether or not the Indians are really the descendants of the Lost Tribes of Israel (see also Entries 21, 47, 71, 81, and 85). Includes comparative glossaries and rules for future researchers when compiling vocabulary lists. Published at the request of the Connecticut Society of Arts and Sciences.
- Genre/Form: Native American languages
- Subject: Algonquian languages; Indians of North America -- Languages; Mohegan language.
- Note: Inscribed “For ? M. Moore/ From Jonathan Edwards”
- Refernces: Singerman 0066, Rosenbach 77, Evans 21068
- Call number: Y1788 .Edw
15. DeCordova, Joshua Hezekiah. Reason and faith, or, Philosophical absurdities, and the necessity of revelation. Intended to promote faith among infidels, and the unbounded exercise of humanity among all religious men. (Philadelphia: Printed by F. Bailey, 1791).
The first extensive, original work on Judaism written and published in America. A defense of revealed religion and divine providence written by Dutch rabbi and preacher Joshua DeCordova (1720-1797) for his community in Jamaica to combat what he called the corrupting influences of modern philosophy. DeCordova refutes the “absurd” philosophers of old and the “heretical” Enlightenment thinkers of his day by using their own language and philosophical tools against them. He shows how reason and logic, as well as an examination of the miraculous Jewish past, should lead one to embrace God and attain true faith. Although he argues in a distinctly “rabbinic” way to prove the truth of Judaism, he also defends the validity of all revealed religions, resulting in this work being circulated among Jews and non-Jews alike during the 1800s. This version specifically was printed by a non-Jew for a Christian audience.
- Genre/Form: Jewish discourse/sermon
- Subject: belief and doubt; faith; revelation
- Notes: inscribed “presented” on first page, “Albert Gallatin 1795” on t.p.
- References: Singerman 0071 nn, Rosenbach 84, Evans 23728
- Call number: BD215 .D43 1791
16. Guénée, Antoine. Letters of certain Jews to Monsieur Voltaire: containing an apology for their own people, and for the Old Testament; with critical reflections and a short commentary extracted from a greater ; in two volumes. / translated by Philip Lefanu. (Philadelphia: Printed by William Young, bookseller, no. 52, Second-Street, the corner of Chesnut-Street., M,DCC,XCV. ).
- Subject: Voltaire, 1694-1778. Bible. O.T. -- Evidences, authority, etc. Jews -- History.
- Notes: p. 324 misnumbered 423
- References: Singerman 0094 nn, Rosenbach 103, Evans 28781
- Call Number: Beekman Collection BM648 .G813 1795
17. Levi, David. A defence of the Old Testament: in a series of letters addressed to Thomas Paine, author of a book entitled, "The age of reason… (New York: Printed by William A. Davis, for Naphtali Judah, 1797).
A response to Thomas Paine’s The Age of Reason, in which he denies the authenticity and authority of the Old Testament. Levi, (1742-1801), an English Jew and the most authoritative spokesman for Judaism in the English-speaking world at the time, thought it was imperative that he try to save those souls who might be swayed into atheism by the famous Paine’s words. He stresses that he is not a Christian priest or a preacher and therefore has no selfish ulterior motive in writing this book. The book, formatted as a series of letters, sets out to prove that Moses is the author of the Old Testament, the precepts contained within are rational and just, and the history of the Jewish people, in fulfilling Biblical prophecies, proves the existence of God and the divinity of the Bible. Levi frequently responded to deists, missionaries, and millenarians.
- Genre/Form: Jewish apologetics
- Subject: Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809. Age of reason. Bible. O.T. -- Apologetic works.
- Notes: N-YHS copy 1 contains ownership stamp of Stephen Allen on p. . Inscription on inside cover reads “Presented Sept. 15, 1879, By Mrs. Foote and Mrs. Belden, Daughters of M. Allen.”
- References: Singerman 0114 nn, Rosenbach 114, Evans 32376
- Call Number: BS480 .L48 1797
18. Johnson, John B. (John Barent). The dealings of God with Israel and America : a discourse, delivered on the fourth of July, 1798. (Albany: Printed by Charles R. & George Webster, at their bookstore, in the White House, corner of State and Pearl-Streets., MDCCXCVIII. ).
In this sermon delivered on Independence Day, Rev. Johnson speaks of how God has conferred on Americans the same special blessings and advantages he promised to the Israelites. “We also have a land flowing with milk and honey… We also possess the knowledge of the true religion… Free not only as men, [we] are free as Christians.” He charges Americans to appreciate and defend their liberty and show their gratitude to God. He warns of the dangers of corruption and ignorance and factions. Religion and virtue, he says, are “the best security and essential supports” of republican government, and unity is “the Rock of our political salvation.”
- Genre/Form: Fourth of July addresses -- 1798
- Subject: independence
- Notes: “Rev a D. Moore from John B. Johnson”
- References: Singerman 0019, Evans 33937
- Call number: Y 1798 .J
19. Seixas, Gershom Mendez. A discourse, delivered in the synagogue in New-York,: on the ninth of May, 1798, observed as a day of humiliation, etc. etc. Conformably to a recommendation of the President of the United States of America. (New York: Printed by William A. Davis & Co. for Naphtali Judah, bookseller, 1798).
A sermon delivered by Rev. Seixas (1745-1816), hazzan (cantor) and religious leader of Congregation Shearith Israel, New York, on a day of fasting and prayer declared by President Adams during a threatened war with France. Seixas, the so-called “patriot preacher,” starts by blessing the union of America and praying that the country will once again be respected in the eyes of the world. He implores the community to thank God for preserving the Jewish people thus far and to walk in God’s ways of justice, charity, and wisdom. He charges the congregants to do their duties as both individuals and members of a community, as Jews and as citizens of the United States.
- Genre/Form: Jewish discourse/sermon
- Subject: Jews -- United States; Humility -- Religious aspects -- Judaism; God; Luce grant
- References: Singerman 0123 nn, Rosenbach 118, Evans 34524
- Call number: Y1798 .Seder
20. Priestley, Joseph. A comparison of the institutions of Moses with those of the Hindoos and other ancient nations; with Remarks on Mr. Dupuis’s Origin of all religions, The laws and institutions of Moses methodized, and An address to the Jews on the present state of the world and the prophecies relating to it. (Northumberland [Pa.] Printed for the author by A. Kennedy, 1799).
A comparison of Judaism and the heathen religions meant to disprove French professor Dupuis’s hypotheses that the Hebrew Scripture is an imitation of the Hindu Vedas and revealed religions are false. Priestley (1733-1804) explains why aspects of Hinduism are immoral or illogical and then shows how the Jewish equivalent is much better. He then lays out the main principles of Judaism, categorizes the precepts, and in an address to the Jews, predicts that restoration and conversion are coming soon. He rejects the notion that the Bible is purely “astrological allegory” and nothing of history; he says the world will outvote Dupuis’s “deranged” disbelief in God. At the end, A catalogue of books by the author reveals that in addition to theology, Priestly dabbled in chemistry, history, grammar, politics, and more; he actually discovered oxygen and invented soda water. As a scientist, he tried to fuse Christian theism with Enlightenment rationalism.
- Genre/Form: comparative religious study
- Subject: Judaism -- Relations -- Hinduism; Hinduism -- Relations -- Judaism.
- Notes: Inscribed by spine of t.p. “.... Jan 9 1809”
- References: Singerman 0127 nn, Evans 36160, Wolf 16
- Call number: BM536.H5 P75 1799
21. Crawford, Charles. An essay on the propagation of the gospel : in which there are numerous facts and arguments adduced to prove that many of the Indians in America are descended from the ten tribes ... The 2d edition. (Philadelphia), (Printed, and sold by James Humphreys ...) (1801).
Relying on travel accounts, previous scholarship, and his own observations, Crawford attempts to prove that the American Indians are descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel (see also Entries 14, 47, 71, 81, and 85). He compares Indian customs to Biblical passages and claims that when the Jews are gathered and restored to the land of Israel, the Indians will go with them, relinquishing America to the white man. Until then, however, the best way to convert the Indians (and the Jews) is to treat them with tolerance, not contempt. The appendix includes excerpts from letters and speeches of some Indian chiefs as well as notes from a Quaker meeting on aiding the Indians. Some discussion also on how best to convert the “Hindoos and negroes.”
- Genre/Form: Indians Ten Lost Tribes
- Subject: Indians -- Origin; Pennsylvania imprints -- 1801; Pennsylvania imprints -- Humphreys, James; Lost tribes of Israel.
- Notes: Inscribed “For Joseph Lyons Walrond Esq. From the author”
- References: Singerman 0136, Rosenbach 123, S and S 370
- Call number: E61 .C89
22. Cruden, Alexander. A complete concordance to the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments: or, A dictionary and alphabetical index to the Bible; very useful to all Christians who seriously read and study the inspired writings… First American edition. (Philadelphia: Printed and sold by Kimber, Conrad and Co.....: Sold also by Thomas Dobson [and five others], 1806).
The first American edition of a popular concordance first printed in London in 1769 to aid both preachers and laymen and “propagate the knowledge of God.” Huge, it includes a general concordance, a table of proper Biblical names and their definitions, a concordance of proper names, a concordance of Apocrypha, and a table of names given to Christ and the Church. For clarity’s sake, but at the expense of size, each word and each reference is given its own line. Some words relating to Jewish custom and ceremony are given to enable better understanding of certain Biblical passages.
- Genre/Form: Concordance
- Subject: Bible -- Concordances, English; Bible. O.T. Apocrypha -- Concordances
- Notes: "Subscribers’ names.": p. -; Two lines in pencil written upside down on the inside cover. “Mary Angleman Somery (?).” Inscription on title page: “Geo Alents (?), 1820.” Pencil marks on end page
- References: Shaw & Shoemaker 10233
- Call number: BS425 .C8 1806
23. Lopez, Moses. A lunar calendar, of the festivals, and other days in the year, observed by the Israelites. (Newport, RI., 1806).
Probably the first Jewish calendar printed in America. Starts at the Hebrew year of 5566 and ends in 5619, a period of 54 years (1805-1859). Includes the lunar and solar dates of the Jewish holidays, the weekly Sabbath Torah and Haftorah portions, Sabbath start times for the city of New York, and a table of the dominical letters (letters assigned to each day of the week of the solar year). Composed by Moses Lopez (1740-1830), a Jewish clerk and mathematician, and given a stamp of approval by community leader Rev. Mr. Seixas (see Entry 19). “Itself a hybrid of which drew on European models even as it adapted itself to a new American context, the calendar circulated widely and influenced Jewish calendar production throughout the 19th century.”
- Genre/Form: Almanac
- Subject: Almanacs, American -- Rhode Island
- Notes: p.  inscribed: "Myrtilla Florence Sept. 17, 1834"
- References: Singerman 0163 nn, Rosenbach 135, Shaw and Shoemaker 10746
- Call number: Almanacs ; R.I. 1806 .L86 N4
24. Pretyman, George. An introduction to the study of the Bible: containing proofs of the authenticity and inspiration of the Holy Scriptures; a summary of the history of the Jews; an account of the Jewish sects ; and a brief statement of the contents of the several books of the Old and New Testaments. (Philadelphia: published by James P. Parke... Kimber, Conrad, & Co. printers, 1806).
With Biblical criticism on the rise, Pretyman hoped this book would strengthen people’s belief in the divine authority of Scripture. In the first section, he deals with the Old Testament, providing proofs of its authenticity, a summary of its content, a history of the Jews, and a brief note on the various historical Jewish sects. The second section is devoted to the New Testament; Pretyman addresses the author, genuineness, date, and language of each gospel. His accounts of Jewish and Christian histories are drawn directly from the Bible, which he treats literally, starting at the creation of the world. A table in the back shows the places and times each book of the New Testament was written.
- Genre/Form: Bible studies
- Subject: Bible -- Introductions; Bible. Fast
- Note: Inscribed in the inside cover to “Ph. Milledoler”
- References: Singerman 0166 nn, S & S 11460
- Call number: Beekman Collection BS475 .P74 1806
25. Sewall, Stephen. A Hebrew grammar, selected chiefly from those of Mr. Israel Lyons ... and the Rev. Richard Grey ... to which is subjoined, a paraxis, taken from the sacred classics. Second Cambridge edition. ([Cambridge, MA] : Printed at Cambridge by W. Hilliard, printer to the University, 1806).
- The second edition of Entry 7.
- Genre/Form: Grammars -- Massachusetts -- Cambridge -- 19th century.
- Subject: Hebrew language -- Grammar.
- Note: Hebrew letters stamped on inside cover
- References: Shaw & Shoemaker 11348
- Call number: Y1806.Sew
26. Holford, George. The destruction of Jerusalem, an absolute and irresistible proof of the divine origin of Christianity:including a narrative of the calamities which befell the Jews, so far as they tend to verify our Lord’s predictions relative to that event. With a brief description of the city and temple. Second American edition. (Burlington, N.J.: Published by Joseph Sharpless., 1807).
- Genre: history
- Subject: Jerusalem -- History
- Notes: "Preface."--p. -4, signed and dated: G.H. London, January 1, 1805. "Samuel Wood, printer, New-York."--t.p. verso.
- References: Singerman 0175 nn, Shaw & Shoemaker 12772
- Call Number: Offsite DS122.8 .H7
27. Tappan, David. Lectures on Jewish antiquities: delivered at Harvard University in Cambridge, A.D. 1802 & 1803. (Cambridge, MA: W. Hilliard and E. Lincoln, 1807).
- Genre/Form: Bible study
- Subject: Bible -- Antiquities; Jews -- Antiquities
- References: Singerman 0178 nn, Rosenbach 144, S & S 13670
- Call number: Offsite DS111 .T2 1807
28. The converted Jew, or, An account of the conversion to Christianity of Mr. Lapidoth and family and of the baptism of himself, his wife, and thirteen children…(Hartford, CT: Lincoln & Gleason, 1807).
An account, based on the testimony of several ministers, of the conversion of a large Jewish family to the Dutch Reformed Church. Describes the public baptism ceremony and the obstacles the family had to overcome on the long road leading up to it. Mr. Lapidoth spent many years considering conversion but was held back by “pecuniary and familial concerns”: he and his children were supported by relatives who, like other Jews, considered conversion to be “the biggest scandal.” Finally, ministers persuaded him that salvation would come only by embracing Christ in the official way. This account was published to satisfy the “laudable curiosity” of other Christians who “feel interested in the everlasting happiness of their fellow creatures.”
- Genre/Form: Jewish conversion to Christianity
- Subject: Jews-- Conversion to Christianity
- Notes: On p.19 line 13, “?” instead of “;” Signed (p. 14) G. Cremer, Scribe. Signed (p.24) Benjamin Wickes, Sen.
- References: Singerman 0169, Rosenbach 138, 142, S & S 12341
- Call number: Y1807 .C
29. Noah, M. M. (Mordecai Manuel). The fortress of Sorrento; a petit historical drama, in two acts. (New-York: Published by D. Longworth, at the Dramatic repository, Shakespeare gallery, 1808).
Noah was a renowned patriot, sheriff, playwright, diplomat, and journalist. Born to a family of Portuguese Sephardic ancestry, he was the most important Jewish lay leader in New York in the early 19th century and the first Jew born in the United States to reach national prominence. In this play, Noah’s first, a jailer’s daughter falls in love with a poor orphan with a secret- “he” is actually a woman, and the wife of a prisoner about to be executed unless she can save him first. Noah’s later plays were known for being very American, but this one is set in Spain and based on a French opera. (See also Entries 52, 59 and 60 for Noah.)
- Genre/Form: play
- Subject: Bonilly, Jean Nicolas, 1763-1832. Léonore; ou L’amour conjugal
- Notes: "The leading features of the following drama are taken from the French opera of Leonora [by Bouilly]"--p. .
- References: Singerman 0185, Rosenbach 148, S & S 15575
- Call number: PS699 Box.N7398 F5
30. Faber, George Stanley. A general and connected view of the prophecies, relative to the conversion, restoration, union, and future glory of the houses of Judah and Israel ; the progress, and final overthrow, of the Antichristian Confederacy in the land of Palestine; and the ultimate general diffusion of Christianity. (Boston: William Andrews, 1809).
A collection of all the Biblical prophecies related to the restoration of the Jews and the overthrowing of the anti-Christ. Each prophecy is quoted directly and followed by commentary and apparent contradictions are harmonized. In the preface, Faber laments the existence of atheism and paganism and assures readers that the Millennium is imminent. He implores Protestants to treat Jews with tolerance and prays that God will have mercy and bring them to conversion and salvation soon.
- Genre/Form: Jewish conversion to Christianity
- Subject: Bible. O.T. -- Prophecies; Jews -- Restoration
- References: Singerman 0191 nn, Rosenbach 150, S & S 17472
- Call number: BS647 .F3 1809
31. Stuart, Moses. A sermon, preached at the ordination of the Rev. Thomas Punderson, October 26, A.D.: to the pastoral care of the Church and Society of Union Parish, Pittsfield. (Pittsfield, MA: Milo Smith & Co., 1809).
In this sermon, Stuart argues that ministers can try all they want, but no amount of persuasion is enough to convert someone without the help of God. As it says in the New Testament, “I have planted; Apollos watered: but God gave the increase” (I Cor. III. 6th). If divine intervention weren’t necessary for conversion, than Jesus would have been successful in converting all the Jews already.
- Genre/Form: Christian discourse/sermon
- Subject: Punderson, Thomas; Ordination sermons
- Notes: N-YHS copy has inscription on title page: "Dyer White"; Gift of Richard Rabinowitz; Appendix: The charge / by Rev. Daniel Collins.--The right hand of fellowship / by Rev. Alvan Hyde (p. 21-24); "Printed, by the request of a committee from Union Church and Society."
- References: Singerman 0519, Rosenbach 338, Bruntjen 9322 (2nd ed)
- Call number: BV4285 .S88 1809
32. Thomas, Taylor. A concordance to the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament: also, the different significations of many important words, by which their meaning is opened; and often seeming contradictions reconciled. Likewise, a short account of several Jewish customs and ceremonies, by which many parts of Scripture are illustrated... (Brooklyn: Printed by Thomas Kirk, Sands-Street, 1809).
A concordance of the Bible which includes key phrases and definitions in addition to verse references. A list of Biblical names and their meanings and a list of the various titles and names of Christ and the Church are appended at the end. Disappointed that all available concordances were too long, too short, or too expensive, Taylor published this “most useful” version because he believed everyone had a duty to “search and examine” the Scriptures for God’s will. He used the 1769 edition of the popular concordance written by Alexander Cruden (see Entry 22) as a starting point.
- Genre/Form: concordance
- Subject: Bible -- Concordances, English.
- Note: Page 364 misnumbered 365; Front page signed “Henry Surdy’s Book, 1813” and “John M. Monell’s Book April 10 1895 New York City(?)”
- Call number: BS425 .T3
33. Day, Mills. Proposals by Mills Day, New Haven, for publishing by subscription an edition of the Hebrew Bible from the text of Van-Der-Hoogh: prospectus. (New Haven: Mills Day, 1810).
Prospectus for what would have been the first Hebrew Bible published in America. Includes two sample pages of Hebrew text based on the text of Van der Hooght. Proposed for a Christian audience, so that each man could read the Old Testament in its original language and decide for himself his position on the current controversy regarding the divinity of Jesus. The project never materialized. Hebrew type was very expensive and demand was low. The first Hebrew Bible produced in America appeared in 1814, the work of Thomas Dobson of Philadelphia (see Entry 42).
- Genre/Form: Prospectuses, Bible studies
- Subject: Hooght, Everardus van der, 1642?-1716; Bible -- Publication and distribution -- New York (State) -- New York
- References: Singerman 0198 nn, Rosenbach 154, S & S 19935
- Call number: Y1810 .Day
34. Higgins, David. The gathering of the Jews and gentiles into the church of God. : A sermon, delivered before "The Western Religious Tract Society," at Homer, N.Y. at their annual meeting, June 5th, 1811. (Auburn [N.Y.]:-- : Printed by H. and J. Pace., ).
A free pamphlet distributed by The Western Religious Tract Society, a group dedicated to printing Christian literature for evangelical purposes. Discusses the dispersion and eventual restoration of the Jews and why both these events are beneficial to Gentiles. According to the pamphlet, the Jews, so conspicuous in their fraud and avarice, are suffering as a warning to the gentile nations. But God is miraculously preserving them because they will play a role in his ultimate plan for grace and salvation. The gathering of the Jews will show God’s glory to the world, strengthening the faith of believers and bringing the wicked into the fold. When the Millennium comes (and it will come soon), there will be peace, amity, and love.
- Genre/Form: Christian discourse/sermon
- Subject: Jews -- Conversion to Christianity
- Notes: Illegible inscription on t.p.
- References: Singerman 0208 nn
- Call number: Pamph BV4922 .H54 1811
35. Paterson, William. A treatise commenting the return of the Israelites to be now at hand: likewise, sitting [sic] forth some of the principal evidences or marks of the true messiah: in a letter addressed to the Jews. (Newburgh : Printed by Ward M. Gazlay, for the author, 1811).
Paterson assures his “dear brothers of Abraham” that current events indicate that the restoration of the Jews (and Gentiles) is fast approaching. He pities the fact that right now, Jews are despised by God and man, lack virtue, idolize wealth, and don’t seem to have interest in public office. But he eagerly awaits the day when the wall between the Jews the rest of the world will collapse. Only then will Jews be endowed with wisdom and virtue and be able to assume their proper roles as examples of piety. Paterson illustrates the parallels between Moses and Jesus and lists over two pages worth of Biblical Messiah references to show the Jews that there's no way the Messiah could be anyone but Jesus.
- Genre/Form: Christian discourse/sermon, Jewish restoration
- Subject: Judaism -- Relations -- Christianity; Christianity and other religions; Newburgh (N.Y.) -- History; Jesus Christ -- Messiahship
- Call number: Pamph BM620.P38 T74 1811
36. Smith, Ethan. A dissertation on the prophecies relative to Antichrist and the last times: exhibiting the rise, character, and overthrow of that terrible power: and a treatise on the seven apocalyptic vials. (Charlestown, Massachusetts : Printed and sold by Samuel T. Armstrong, 1811).
Smith claims that the Millennium, and the destruction that precedes it, is imminent. He offers predictions for how the apocalyptic prophecies from the Bible will be fulfilled. He understands the Sixth Apocalyptic Vial from the book of Revelations to be foreshadowing the subversion of the Turkish Empire and the subsequent restoration of the Jews (along with the Afghans of the Lost Tribes) to the Holy Land (p. 325-336).
- Genre/Form: dissertation, Christian discourse, messianism
- Subject: Bible. N.T. Revelation -- Prophecies; Bible. O.T. Daniel -- Prophecies; Antichrist
- Notes: includes two pages of recommendations
- References: Singerman 0217, S & S 23944
- Call number: BS647 .S55 1811
37. Adams, Hannah. The history of the Jews from the destruction of Jerusalem to the nineteenth century. (Boston, John Eliot, Jun., 1812).
A detailed, two-volume history based on previous history books, Biblical sources, and modern travel accounts. The appendices include (supposedly) up-to-date demographics about Jews from all corners of the globe, a brief summary of Jewish customs and laws, and a “general character” sketch of the Jew. Adams, the first woman in the United States to work professionally as an author, wrote this book because she believed the unique preservation of the Jewish people despite all odds stands as a testament to the truth of Christianity and the words of Jesus Christ. Because of the overtly pro-Christian tone (ex: “at length, the most interesting and important epoch arrived, when Jesus Christ made his appearance”- p.50), the work is controversial among Jewish historians. But it should be noted that Adams does go out of her way to provide a full and detailed picture and doesn’t shy away from acknowledging the Christian guilt behind much of the persecution.
- Genre/Form: history
- Subject: Jews -- History -- 70-1789; Jews. fast
- Notes: King family library
- References: Singerman 0218 nn, Rosenbach 162, S & S 24528
- Call number: King Library DS123 .A43 1812
38. Buchanan, Claudius. The healing waters of Bethesda: a sermon, preached at Buxton Wells, to the company assembled there for the benefit of the medicinal waters, on Whitsunday, June 2, 1811. (New-York: Published by Whiting & Watson, theological and classical book-sellers, 96, Broad-way. L. Deare, printer, New-Bruswick, N.J., 1812).
Sermon appended by “Dr. Buchanan’s Speech Relative to the State of the Jews in the East, delivered at the public meeting of the London Society, for Promoting Christianity Amongst the Jews” (p.34-40). Buchanan, who had served as vice provost of a college in Bengal, urges the evangelical London Society to make more of an effort to convert the Jews who live beyond Europe’s borders, like the estimated 16,000 Jews who live in British colonial territory in India, the Afghans who supposedly are descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, and the Samaritans in the Middle East who abide by the Old Testament. He recommends sending these communities New Testaments translated into Hebrew. He commends the London Society for its noble work and issues a prayer that missionaries endure as long as there is still one Jew not converted.
- Genre/Form: Sermons -- 1811
- Subject: Mineral waters -- Therapeutic use; Mineral waters -- England -- Buxton (Derbyshire); Salvation; Missions to Jews
- Notes: N-YHS copy: t.p. inscribed: "T. Alden- given him by Mr. Geo. Welles." Hebrew words spelled incorrectly in footnote on page 6
- References: Singerman 0220, S & S 24968
- Call number: Pamph RA850.B48 B8 1812
39. Evans, John. Brief sketch of the several denominations into which the Christian world is divided. Fifth American edition. (Burlington [N.J.]: Published by Stephen C. Ustick ; [Philadelphia]: Dennis Heartt, printer, 1812. Newark [N.J.]: Printed by John Austin Crane, 1813). 2 versions.
Stated purpose is to provide accurate and impartial descriptions of the myriad Christian denominations so that different Christians can learn to understand and respect one another. (“Replace bigotry with unity”). Also includes a brief sketch of each of the world’s most well-known religions, including Judaism (p.58-65). The Jews, Evans writes, were chosen by God to preserve his existence among the idolatrous nations. They are more interested in temporal reward and punishment than in a future state, and the two most important sects now (according to him) are the Rabbins and the Caraites. “The expectation of a Messiah is the distinguishing feature of their religious system,” but they are “infatuated” with false messiahs. The Jewish chapter concludes with a letter by Joseph Priestley (see Entry 20) wherein he “proves” that Jesus was the real messiah of the Jews and hopes that they receives salvation soon.
- Genre/Form: religions
- Subject: Sects; Religions -- Early works to 1800.
- Notes: With engraved frontispiece (portraits). "Subscribers": p. -324. “Samuel Mickle, Woodbury” pasted on inside cover. “Elizabeth Mickle Woodbury” inscribed once “No. 163 Sam Mickle- Woodbury 2 mo. 5th. 1812” inscribed twice. Additional Christian denominations (Unitarians, Bugrhers, and anti-Burghers Relief) penned into Table of Contents.
- References: Singerman 0113, 0173 (earlier versions)
- Call number: BR157 .E92 1812
40. Cary, Samuel. Review of a book entitled, "The grounds of Christianity examined, by comparing the New Testament with the Old, by George Bethune English, A. M." … (Boston, I. Thomas, Jun., J. T. Buckingham, printer, November, 1813).
A very negative book review of George English’s The grounds of Christianity examined, which claimed, on the authority of obscure Jewish texts, that Jesus did not fulfill the Old Testament prophecies and therefore Christianity has no foundation. Cary exposes English’s “Jewish” sources to be none other than known rejected Deists, but either way, he says, Jewish criticism of Christianity cannot be taken seriously because Jews have never fought fair. Cary responds to each of English’s objections and proves that Jesus did indeed fulfill the prophecies. He sees it as imperative that he respond to infidels and maintain public faith in religious authenticity because religion, especially Christianity, “is essential to public virtue and happiness.”
- Genre/Form: book review
- Subject: rationalism; English, George Bethune, 1787-1828. Grounds of Christianity examined.
- Notes: “T. Alden” on title page; on p.35, “affirmative” crossed out and replaced with “negative”; on p.117, “and Mr. Wagenseil” crossed out
- References: Singerman 0230 for Grounds...
- Call number: BT1210 .C37 1813
41. Kinne, Aaron. A Display, of scriptural prophecies, with their events, and the periods of their accomplishment. / Compiled from Rollin, Prideaux, Newton, and other eminent writers. (Boston: Printed by Samuel T. Armstrong, no. 50, Cornhill., 1813).
A three-page table of the most important Scriptural prophecies and how and when they were (or will be) fulfilled. The prophecies concerning the suffering and preservation of the Jews are listed as fulfilled. To be fulfilled in the future: the restoration of the Jews, their subsequent affliction and deliverance, and the Millennium. Prophecies regarding Jesus are omitted.
- Genre/Form: prophecy table
- Subject: Bible -- Prophecies.
- References: Shaw & Shoemaker 28883
- Call number: Y1813.Kin Dis
42. Dobson, Thomas. Greek Bible. Thomas Dobson, having completed the edition of the Hebrew Bible, proposes to publish by subscription, the Septuagint version of the Old Testament. From the accurate edition of David Mill, printed at Amsterdam in 1725, after the celebrated Greek edition, published at Rome in 1587, well known by the name of the Vatican copy. (Philadelphia: s.n., 1814).
Prospectus for the first Hebrew translation of the Bible in America. Selling for $8-$10, elegantly printed on fine wove paper, neatly bound in boards. Apocrypha available in Greek too, depending on demand. By the 1800s, Pennsylvania had become the Bible hub of the nation. Dobson (1751-1823) is also known for printing the earliest American version of Encyclopaedia Britannica.
- Genre/Form: Broadsides, Prospectuses
- Subject: Mill, David, 1692-1756. Vetus testamentum ex versione septuaginta inter pretum; Bible. O.T. Greek. Septuagint; Bible -- Publication and distribution -- United States; Publishers and publishing -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia.
- References: Singerman 0232 0236
- Call number: Broadsides SY1814 no.19
43. Spaulding, Joshua (or Spalding, Josiah). The burden and heat of the day, borne by the Jewish Church: a sermon preached at Shelburne before the Auxiliary Society for Foreign Missions at their annual meeting Oct. 12, 1813. (Boston : Printed by Samuel T. Armstrong, 1814).
A sermon by Salem minister and Adventist Rev. Spalding (1751-1823) in which he interprets the New Testament verse “I sent you to reap that whereon… other men labored” (John iv, 38) as meaning that all the service and toil the Jewish people did for God before the advent of Christianity was necessary preparation for the coming of Christ and the salvation of the Gentiles. The Jews, with their abundance of ritual and financial obligations—he calculates 266 days every year devoted just to religion—bore the burden so that the Christians might reap the benefits easily and effortlessly. For this reason the Jews must be treated with brotherly charity and affection, and the debt owed them can be repaid by the conversion of the “poor, perishing heathens.”
- Genre/Form: Christian discourse/sermon
- Subject: Bible. N.T. -- Relation to the Old Testament -- Sermons; Jews -- Election, Doctrine of -- Sermons; Missions -- Sermons; Sermons, American
- References: Singerman 0240 nn
- Call number: BV2075 .S63 1814
44. Huntington, Dan. The love of Jerusalem, the prosperity of a people: A sermon preached at the anniversary election, Hartford, May 12, 1814. (Hartford: Printed by Hudson and Goodwin, 1814).
- Genre/Form: Christian discourse/sermon
- Subject: Election sermons -- Connecticut. Sermons, American.
- References: Singerman 0239, S & S 31775
- Call Number: BV4251 Box.H9492 L7
45. Harmer, Thomas. Observations on various passages of Scripture, placing them in a new light; and ascertaining the meaning of several, not determinable by the methods commonly made use of by the learned. (Charlestown [Mass.] S. Etheridge, Jr., 1815-17).
- Genre/Form: bible study
- Subject: Jews -- Social life and customs -- To 70 A.D.
- Call number: Offsite DS112 .H285 1816
46. Prideaux, Humphrey. The Old and New Testaments connected in the history of Jews and neighbouring nations: from the declensions of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah to the time of Christ. (Charlestown, Mass.: Published at the Middlesex Bookstore, 1815-16 ([Charlestown]: J. M’Kown). Previously published in Edinburgh
- Genre/Form: history
- Subject: Jews -- History; History, ancient
- References: Singerman 0249 nn, Marcus 48, S & S 35706
- Call number: Offsite DS62 .P8 1815
47. Boudinot, Elias. A star in the West, or, A humble attempt to discover the long lost ten tribes of Israel, preparatory to their return to their beloved city, Jerusalem. (Trenton, N.J.: Published by D. Fenton, S. Hutchinson and J. Dunham, 1816 (Trenton: George Sherman, printer).
Inquiry into the origins of the American Indians by examining their languages, customs, religious rites, and general character (as recorded by early Spanish explorers and others). The author concludes that though there is not 100% proof, it seems most likely that the Indians are the descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel (see also Entries 14, 21, 71, 81, and 85). He laments and condemns the wrongs the white man has afflicted on the Indians, but expresses hope that Indians will be restored along with the Jews back to the land of Israel. When this happens, all the gentile nations will believe in Christ. Includes a chapter on the laws and history of the Jews and uses Biblical verses as evidence that the lost tribes would have ended up in America.
- Genre/Form: lost tribes
- Subject: Indians -- Origin; Lost tribes of Israel
- Notes: On E61 .B75, note from author inscribed on first page. “The author of the following work has the honor of presenting this copy “to the ? Historical Society of the City of New York,” … useful and important a society a Society, who … labor for the good of Posterity” signed Elias Boudinot, Burlington New Jersey Oct. 14, 1816
- Notes: Includes a table comparing Hebrew and Native words. The Hebrew words do not all seem accurate. The author admits he knows neither language. One wonders if he expected his audience to.
- References: Singerman 0252, Rosenbach 180, S & S 37057
- Call number: Y1816 .Bou
48. Cohen, Solomon Jacob. Elements of the Jewish faith, translated from the Hebrew of Rabbi S. I. Cohen. (Richmond, Virginia: William W. Gray, 1817).
An educational handbook of basic Jewish tenets and laws originally printed in London for children who were quitting Jewish school and needed to be prepared to face the Christian missionary threat. Explains in simple question-and-answer style Maimonides’s 13 Principles, each of the 10 Commandments, and Jewish approaches to faith, prayer, providence, etc. Cites frequently from the Bible, Talmud, and Maimonides. Emphasizes that adherence to religion in general and Judaism in specific will lead to true happiness. Written by German Hebraist Solomon Cohen under the guidance of Dr. Solomon Hirshell, chief rabbi of the German Jews of London, and translated into English by Dr. Josua van Oven. Generally well-received, but condemned vigorously by London engraver Salomon (Yom Tov) Bennett as heretical.
- Genre/Form: Jewish catechism
- Subject: Judaism-- Apologetic works
- References: Singerman 0271, Rosenbach 190, S & S 40507
- Call number: Pamph BM560 .C58 1817
49. Adams, Hannah. A dictionary of all religions and religious denominations, Jewish, heathen, Mahometan and Christian, ancient and modern. With an appendix, containing a sketch of the present state of the world, as to population, religion, toleration, missions, etc., and the articles in which all Christian denomination agree. (Published by James Eastburn and company, at the Literary rooms, corner of Broadway and Pine street, N. York; and by Cummings and Hilliard, no. 1, Cornhill, Boston, 1817).
A comprehensive list of definitions of concepts, people, sects, etc. of the different world religions. Although written by a Christian for a Christian audience, the stated goals are not to give preference to one religion over another and to avoid misrepresentation of any people. It’s been claimed that Adams’ discussion of Jews in her Dictionary initiated the study of Judaism in America. Her definitions provided insight to an otherwise uninformed audience, considering that Jews constituted less than 1% of the population of America at the time.
- Genre/Form: dictionary
- Subject: religion, dictionaries
- Notes: First published, Boston, 1784. "A brief sketch of the state of religion throughout the world, by Mr. Williams." : p. -365.
- References: Singerman earlier variant 0057, Marcus 6, Evans 18319
- Call number: BL31 .A3 1817
50. Roscio, Juan Germán. El triunfo de la libertad sobre ed despotismo, en la confesion de un pecador arrepentido de sus errores politicos, y dedicado a desagraviar en esta parte á la religion ofendida con el sistema de la tirania. (Filadelfia, Thomas H. Palmer, 1817).
Deals with Moses, the Hebrew monarchy, and the Maccabean uprising against Rome.
- Subject: Political science, Jews, liberty
- References: Singerman 0279 nn
- Call number: Livingston JC585 .R6 1817
51. Hart, Moses. Modern religion. (New-York: Printed for the author, 1818).
Hart (1768-1852), a Canadian businessman and Jew, “harmonize[d] the religions of mankind” to create a new, universal religion. He wished to put an end to bigotry and intolerance and restore religion to a place of truth and virtue. His religion is based on deistic philosophy and Judeo-Christian practices; the two main principles are gratitude to the Almighty Creator (nowhere is God or Jesus mentioned) and charity to mankind. Patriotism and maintaining civil order are also important. Hart really meant for people to adopt his religion, and this handbook includes an “Installation Oath” to be recited by converts, prayers, rituals for festivals and the day of rest (any day of the week but Wednesday), a marriage ceremony, everyday duties, and the rules for divorce, war, and mourning.
- Genre/Form: catechism
- Subject: Religions (Proposed, universal, etc.); Natural theology
- References: Singerman 0285, Rosenbach 198, S & S 44274
- Call number: Pamph BL390.H37 M63 1818
52. Noah, Mordecai Manuel. Discourse, delivered at the consecration of the Synagogue KK shirit Yisroel in the city of New-York, on Friday, the 10th of Nisan, 5578, corresponding with the 17th of April, 1818. (New York: C.S. Van Winkle, 1818).
Discourse by M. M. Noah (see Entries 29, 59, and 60 for Noah). Goes through the history, principles, and duties of the Jewish people. Emphasizes the value of education and labor. Explores possible reasons behind the anti-Semitism and oppression plaguing Jews for 1800 years; urges the community to appreciate what a blessing having freedom of religion and toleration in America really is. Declares that as long as Jews are refused emancipation and equal rights abroad, America will be their chosen country.
- Genre/Form: Jewish sermon/discourse
- Subject: Jews
- Notes: Title page “J. Pintard”
- References: Singerman 0290, Rosenbach 199, S & S 45110
- Call number: Y 1818 .N
53. Walker, John. A key to the classical pronunciation of Greek, Latin, and Scripture proper names: in which the words are accented and divided into syllables exactly as they ought to be pronounced, according to rules drawn from analogy and the best usage.: To which are added, terminational vocabularies of Hebrew, Greek, and Latin proper names, in which the words are arranged according to their final syllables, and classed according to their accents... (Boston: Published by Wells & Lilly. From the last London edition, 1818).
Walker (1732-1807), stage actor, philologist, and lexicographer, produced this pocket sized pronunciation guide to Biblical names as an aid for men living in a country where reading Scripture was part of the worship and knowing “the Classics” part of the culture. For both Greek and Latin (which he treats as one) and Hebrew, he provides the rules of pronunciation, a list of names arranged alphabetically and divided into syllables, and a list of names arranged terminationally. Walker acknowledges that there is much debate over the original pronunciation of Greek and Latin and that the original Hebrew is most likely lost forever, but he believes that where there is uncertainty, English speakers should rely on analogy to English rather than the learn the rules of (more closely related) European languages. “Preserve that which has naturally sprung up in our own soil and is congenial to our native language.”
- Genre/Form: Leather bindings, Stained leather, Lettering pieces, Gold tooled leather, Dentelle binding (Binding); Ink stamps, Presentation inscriptions (Provenance)
- Subject: Hebrew language -- Pronunciation.
- Notes: Inscription on inside cover to “F. L. Hawks”
- Call number: Hawks-Niblo Collection PE1620 .W3 1818
54. Houston, George. Israel vindicated : being a refutation of the calumnies propagated respecting the Jewish nation : in which the objects and views of the American Society for Ameliorating the Condition of the Jews, are investigated. By an Israelite. (New-York: Published by Abraham Collins, 268 Greenwich-street, 1820).
A (fictitious) collection of letters which exposes the American Society for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews (see also Entries 64, 69, 72, and 79) as nothing more than a state-sponsored evangelical group dedicated to the total conversion of Jews to Christianity. Argues that there can be no true equality when one group assumes itself to be superior; missionary work is actually anti-American and unconstitutional. Like Jewish Enlightenment great Moses Mendelssohn (see also Entries 6 and 76), calls for pluralism, not just toleration. Page after page of vicious anti-Christian polemic based on the writings of freethinkers and deists. Most likely written by non-Jew and freethinker George Houston on commission by Jewish leaders, who felt the need to respond to aggressive Christian missionaries but did not want to inflame Christian hostility.
- Genre/Form: polemic
- Subject: Jews -- Conversion to Christianity -- United States.
- Notes: Library copy unopened
- References: Singerman 0323 nm, Rosenbach 210, S & S 1681
- Call number: Y1820.Hous
55. Judah, Samuel B. H. (Samuel Benjamin Helbert). The mountain torrent, a grand melo-drama, interspersed with songs, choruses, &c. In two acts...As performed at the New-York theatre, with universal applause. (New-York, Published by Thomas Longworth, at the Dramatic repository, Shakspeare-gallery. 1820).
The first play by Samuel Judah, a Jewish playwright/ author turned attorney after scandal (see Entry 52). About a young woman compelled to marry someone she doesn’t love to save her father from financial danger. First performed in the Park Theater. Judah’s works never received much critical success, but Steve Feffer claims that this play is a good place to look for representation of Jews by Jewish playwrights in early nineteenth-century American theater. In Judah's plays, his subaltern status as a Jew significantly contributes to his subversion of the paternalistic nation-building themes present in Mordecai Noah's (see Entries 29 and 60) more popular melodramas.
- Genre/Form: melodrama
- Subject: American drama
- Notes: Without the music
- References: Singerman 0325, Rosenbach 211, Shoemaker 1809
- Call number: PS699 Box.J925 M5
56. Milman, Henry Hart. The fall of Jerusalem: a dramatic poem. (New York: Published by I. and F. Lockwood, 1820 [C.S. Van Winkle, printer]).
This play was not meant to be performed; its goal was to show readers, who might not have time to compare the Bible to history books, that the Christian prophecies did indeed come to pass. Based on Josephus, it has a mix of historical and fictional characters. In the end, the Temple and Jerusalem are destroyed, but the new Christian lovers look to the future hopefully.
- Genre/Form: Plays -- England -- 19th century.
- Subject: Jerusalem -- History -- Siege, 70 A.D. -- Drama.
- References: Singerman 0326 nm, Wolf 49, Shoemaker 2271
- Call number: PR5021.M5 F3
57. Stuart, Moses. Dissertations on the importance and best method of studying the original languages of the Bible. (Andover [Mass.] : Printed by Flagg and Gould, 1821).
Three essays by the German philologists Jahn, Gesenius, and Wyttenbach on why Hebrew is important and how best to learn and teach it. Some discussion on lower and higher Biblical criticism and comparative Oriental languages. Compiled and translated by Stuart (1780-1852), professor of sacred literature and the so-called father of exegetical studies in America, for his students at the Andover Theological Seminary. Stuart believed it was “absolutely necessary” that the study of Hebrew and the Classics be reformed in America: theologians can only fully appreciate and defend the Bible if they can read it in its original languages. These essays stress the importance of good instructors, good textbooks, and diligent review.
- Genre/Form: essays on Hebrew
- Subject: Hebrew language -- Study and teaching; Greek language, Biblical -- Study and teaching; Bible -- Language, style.
- References: Singerman 0340 nn, Shoemaker 6911
- Call number: Pamph BS537.S88 D57 1821
Judah’s second play; Rosaline and Aurelio must get past her disapproving father- and a villainous prince- before they can be united in marriage. (see Entry 55 for Judah’s first).
- Genre/Form: Plays -- New York (State) -- New York -- 19th century
- Subject: marriage
- Notes: "A sillier piece was never penned in America, or elsewhere"--Odell (cf. Odell, G.C.D. Annals of the New York stage, vol. iii, p. 25); "As performed with unbounded applause at the New-York Theatre." "Music by Taylor."
- References: Singerman 0350, Rosenbach 226 (2nd ed), Shoemaker 9174-75
- Call number: Y1822 .Judah
59. Noah, M. M. (Mordecai Manuel). An address delivered before the General Society of Mechanics and Tradesmen of the City of New-York: on the opening of the Mechanic Institution. (New-York : William A. Mercein, Printer, 1822.).
In this address at the dedication of the Mechanics Institute, Noah (see also Entries 29, 52, and 60 for Noah) stresses the importance of education and culture in making a nation civilized and prosperous. He advises the mechanic apprentices to work hard, be religious, and read whenever they have the time.
- Genre/Form: address before a society
- Subject: Mechanics’ institutes -- New York (State) -- New York…
- Notes: Mercein’s address has own t.p., but the two addresses are paged continuously.
- Call number: F128 HD6519 Box 1
60. Noah, M. M. (Mordecai Manuel). Marion; or, The hero of Lake George: a drama, in three acts, founded on events of the Revolutionary War. (New-York: : Published by E. Murden, Circulating Library and Dramatic Repository, no. 4 Chamber Street., Jan. 1822).
A three act play set during the Revolutionary War. Dedicated, without permission, to a critic who “abused” the play before even seeing it (William Coleman, Esquire). Plot centers around a rebel on the run from British authorities and the village girl he loves. In the end, the lovers are reunited, the British soldiers are chased out of town, and the rebel is made an officer in the American army. A Fourth of July favorite. (see also Entries 29, 52, and 59 for Noah ).
- Genre/Form: Plays -- 1822
- Subject: United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- Drama
- Notes: N-YHS Copy: Imperfect: p. 53-56 wanting; "Plays, published by E. Murden, Circulating Library, no. 4 Chamber, near Chatham Street."--p. .
- References: Singerman 0354, Rosenbach 229, Shoemaker 9722
- Call number: PS699 Box.N7398 M2
61. Judah, Samuel B. H. (Samuel Benjamin Helbert). Gotham and the Gothamites: a medley. (New York: Published for the author, and sold by S. King, 1823).
A 93 page satirical poem that viciously attacks the greed and characters of more than one hundred prominent New Yorkers, including ten footnoted pages devoted to Judah's Jewish playwriting contemporary Mordecai Manuel Noah (see Entries 29 and 60). Although he published it under the pseudonym of Terentius Phlogobomus, Judah sent copies to everyone referenced in the poem and his identity was soon discovered. He was arrested and imprisoned for libel, his reputation and literary career ruined. (see also Entries 55, 58, and 62 for Judah.)
- Genre/Form: poem
- References: Singerman 0372, Rosenbach 42, Shoemaker 12971
- Call number: Y 1823 .J
62. Judah, Samuel B. H. (Samuel Benjamin Helbert). A tale of Lexington: a national comedy, founded on the opening of the Revolution. In three acts. (New-York: Published at the Dramatic Repository, 208 Broadway. H. Sage’s Book and Music Store, 1823).
A three act prose drama set in the era of the American Revolution. A young American girl finds out a dark secret about her British lover as tensions rise and her town readies for battle. In the end, the colonists achieve victory at Lexington, but the girl’s lover is killed. A landmark work of Jewish American literature because it introduces, in a manner, the first Jewish characters written by a Jewish playwright for the American stage. (See also Entries 55, 58, and 61 for Judah.)
- Genre/Form: melodrama
- Subject: United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- Drama.
- Note: Binder’s error: p. 55-60 in duplicate.
- References: Singerman 0373, Rosenbach 243, Shoemaker, 12972.
- Call number: Y1823.Judah
63. Houston, George. Israel vindicated; being a refutation of the calumnies propagated respecting the Jewish nation; in which the objects and views of the American Society for Ameliorating the Condition of the Jews are investigated. (New York, Abraham Collins; London, Re-printed by R. Carlile, 1823).
- Subject: Jesus Christ; Christianity and other religions -- Judaism; Jews -- Legal status, laws, etc.
- References: Singerman 0323, Rosenbach 210, Shoemaker 1681 earlier
- Call number: Offsite AC905 Box .H8436 I6
64. Bancroft, Aaron. A discourse, delivered before the Worcester Auxiliary Society for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews, April 28, 1824...published by order of the Society. (Worcester: Printed by W. Manning, ).
A speech delivered at an annual meeting of the Worcester branch of the American Society for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews, a missionary society devoted to converting Jews to Christianity (see also Entries 54, 69, 72, and 79). Bancroft, a pastor and president of the Society, explains the purpose, history, and current objectives of the society. The Jews, he says, are persecuted as punishment for rejecting Jesus, but they were once the chosen people of God, and it is the Christian’s duty to hasten their restoration by teaching them the Gospels. Members ought to approach Jews politely (not violently like the Catholic inquisitors), send them New Testaments in Hebrew, and donate to the society.
- Genre/Form: society address
- Subject: Missions -- Jews
- References: Singerman 0387, Rosenbach 254, Shoemaker 15172
- Call number: BV4251 Box .B213 D52
65. Benedict, David. A history of all religions : as divided into paganism, Mahometanism, Judaism and Christianity, with an account of literary and theological institutions, and missionary, Bible, tract and Sunday school societies; with a general list of religious publications; accompanied with a frontispiece of six heads. (Providence: J. Miller, printer, 1824).
Like the similarly misleadingly titled work by Evans (see Entry 39), This History of all Religions devotes only 40 out of its 456 pages to Paganism, Mahometanism, and Judaism. The rest of the book is dedicated to the different denominations of the Christian world, with the stated goal being to show how Christianity isn’t as divided as most people believe. The chapter on Jews (p.42-51) discusses Jewish suffering under the Romans, Jewish suffering and civil condition after dispersion, and the long list of false Jewish messiahs. Benedict relies on Adams’s history (see Entry 30).
- Genre/Form: religions
- Subject: religions
- References: Singerman 0388 nn, Shoemaker 15315
- Call number: BL80 .B45
66. Gesenius, Wilhelm. A Hebrew and English lexicon of the Old Testament: including the Biblical Chaldee / from the German works of W. Gesenius. (Andover, [Mass.]: Flagg and Gould, 1824). Another version 1836.
Translated and edited by Josiah W. Gibbs Sr., who felt that Gesenius’s advancements in Hebrew philology should be made accessible to all English readers engaged in this branch of “sacred learning.” Gesenius (1786-1842), a German orientalist, theology professor, and Bible critic, was the first to arrange a Hebrew lexicon alphabetically instead of by root and to study the language scientifically and comparatively as opposed to strictly religiously. For each word listed, Gesenius provides the definition, the forms (if a verb), Biblical references, its etymology, root, and cognates in other Oriental languages. The lexicon is prefaced by a table of the Syriac and Arabic alphabets.
- Genre/Form: lexicon
- Subject: Hebrew language -- Dictionaries -- English
- Notes: inscribed "Francis L. Hawks" on flyleaf of 1824 copy
- Call number: Hawks-Niblo Collection PJ4833 .G4 1824; Offsite PJ4833 .G4 1836
67. Congregation Mickveh Israel (Philadelphia, PA). Charter and bye-laws of Ḳ.ḳ. Miḳṿeh Yiśraʼel = Kaal Kadosh Mickve Israel, of the City of Philadelphia : incorporated 5584. (Philadelphia: Printed by John Bioren, 1824).
The synagogue’s Constitution outlines the rules about officers, membership, meetings, synagogue property, worship, and amendments. It is signed by the members and the Pennsylvania attorney general, Supreme Court justices, and governor. The bye-laws describe in detail each office, the structure of meetings, privileges of congregants, etc. Members must be residents of Pennsylvania; they meet at least twice annually to elect officers, discuss business, and propose rule changes.
- Genre/Form: synagogue charter
- Subject: synagogue rules
- Notes: t.p. stamped “A.B. Daniels.” On page 19, there is a Hebrew word printed backwards by mistake.
- References: Singerman 0399 nn, Rosenbach 262, Shoemaker 17613
- Call number: BM225.P52 C66 1824
68. Harby, Isaac. A discourse, delivered in Charleston, (S.C.) on the 21st of Nov. 1825, before the Reformed Society of Israelites : for promoting true principles of Judaism according to its purity and spirit, on their first anniversary. (Charleston [S.C.] : Printed by A. E. Miller, 4, Broad-street, 1825).
Speech delivered by playwright and journalist Isaac Harby (see also Entry 74) one year after he and his reform-minded splinter group broke away from the Spanish-Portuguese synagogue of Beth Elohim in Charleston. Harby declares that while Jews should be faithful to the written laws of Moses, they must free themselves from the unenlightened Talmud and extrapolations of the rabbis. He calls America the promised land, where freedom and security remove ignorance and bigotry. He compares himself to the Martin Luther and says he represents a new era in the history of the Jewish race; indeed, this is the first call for Reform Judaism on the American continent. This pamphlet was inscribed by the author for David Hosack, a founder of the New York Historical Society and the doctor who tended on Alexander Hamilton after his fateful duel.
- Genre/Form: Jewish discourse/sermon
- Subject: Reform Judaism -- United States.
- Notes: “For David Hosack with the respect of the author” on t.p.
- References: Singerman 0418, Kaganoff 26, Shoemaker 20807
- Call number: Y1825.Harby
69. American Society for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews. The third report of the American Society, for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews. : May 13, 1825. : With an appendix. (New-York: Printed for the Society by D. Fanshaw. No. 1 Murray-Street., 1825).
Includes the constitution, third anniversary proceedings, annual report, and list of members of the American Society for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews (see also Entries 54, 64, 72, and 79). The goal of ASMCJ is to create a settlement for the habitation, instruction, and employment of “industrious” “Hebrew Christians” (Jewish converts); the report announces that this year, with the help of its numerous auxiliary societies across the states, the society has finally raised enough money to lease a farm. A settlement is important because although the Jews are supposed to convert, they must remain a distinct people to be restored to Palestine. Also, converted Jews, rejected by their families and still viewed suspiciously by Christians, have trouble finding employment. The appendix includes addresses by several members, including recent converts. The society is sending a mission to Europe to spread publicity and assess interest among Jews and Christians.
- Genre/Form: Printed wrappers (Binding)
- Subject: Christian converts from Judaism; Jews -- Colonization; American Society for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews.
- Call number: Pamph HV3192.N5 A6 1825
70. Moore, Clement Clarke. A lecture introductory to the course of Hebrew instruction in the General Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States : delivered in Christ Church, New-York, on the evening of November 14th, 1825. (New-York: Printed by T. and J. Swords, No. 99 Pearl-Street, 1825).
Moore, professor of Oriental and Greek literature, assures his students that though the study of Hebrew may seem hard and dull, the rewards are many. Only someone who can read the Old Testament in its original language can truly understand it, engage in Biblical criticism, and appreciate its beauty. He praises the peculiarities of Hebrew and advises students not to get bogged down by critics or irrelevant philological debates.
- Genre/Form: lecture
- Subject: Bible -- Language, style; Hebrew language -- Study and teaching -- New York (State) -- New York;
- Notes: Library holds 3 copies. Copy 1 inscribed on cover: "From the author."
- References: Singerman 0421, Wolf 67, Shoemaker 21499
- Call number: Y1825 .Moore
71. Smith, Ethan. View of the Hebrews; or The tribes of Israel in America: Exhibiting Chap. I. The destruction of Jerusalem. Chap. II. The certain restoration of Judah and Israel. Chap. III. The present state of Judah and Israel. Chap. IV. An address of the Prophet Isaiah to the United States relative to their restoration. 2nd ed. ([Poultney, Vt.]: Published and printed by Smith & Shute, Poultney, (Vt.), 1825).
Another attempt to identify the lost tribes of Israel with the North American Indians. Cites Edwards (Entry 14), Boudinot (Entry 47). Discusses the destruction of Jerusalem and the present state of the Jews, proves from Scripture that the restoration of the Jews must be literal, proves that the Native Americans resemble the ancient Israelites (see also Entries 21, 71, 81, and 85). Interprets an exhortation from Isaiah as speaking to modern Americans on the proper treatment of the Indians. In the appendix, challenges the Afghan theory of the lost tribes (see Entries 36 and 38) and responds to objections on the Indian theory. This second edition contains new proofs from Humboldt and American Archeology.
- Genre/Form: lost tribes
- Subject: Indians -- Origin; Jews -- Restoration; Lost tribes of Israel
- Notes: 2 pages of Recommendations. Edition statement transposed; precedes "By Ethan Smith ..." on title page; Errors in paging: p. 18, 247 misnumbered 13, 347
- References: Singerman 0431, Rosenbach 280, Shoemaker 22295
- Call number: E61 .S74
72. Frey, Joseph Samuel C. F. (Joseph Samuel Christian Frederick). The object of the American Society for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews, explained, and objections answered. (New-York: Printed by Daniel Fanshaw, American Tract Society House: sold by W.B. Gilley; G. & C. Carvill; Crocker & Brewster; and J.P. Haven, 1827).
Written in the form of a letter to a prospective member, Frey explains the objects of the ASMCJ (see also Entries 54, 64, 69, and 79) and responds to objections about the society. He stresses just how necessary it is to have a settlement in America for Jews who want to convert and claims that it’s almost insulting to have to prove why Christians have an obligation to “save” their Jewish brothers. Frey, himself a convert, defends the Jewish character from charges of greed and laziness and takes the time to defend his own actions at a recent contentious Society meeting. The appendix discusses the origins of the society and includes excerpts from letters written by ministers in Europe struggling to advise prospective Jewish converts.
- Genre/Form: society
- Subject: Christian converts from Judaism; Jews -- conversion to Christianity; American Society for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews.
- References: Singerman 0446, Rosenbach 293, Shoemaker 28961
- Call number: Y1827.Frey
73. Croly, George. Salathiel: a story of the past, the present, and the future : in two volumes. (New-York : G. and C. Carvill [and 8 others] ; Philadelphia : Carey, Lea and Carey, and R. Small, 1828).
An imaginative take on the legend of the “Wandering/Eternal Jew” condemned to live until the Second Coming for insulting Christ on his way to the cross. This version, which follows the adventures and sorrows of Second Temple priest Salathiel, marks the first time the protagonist is portrayed sympathetically (in a doomed Byronic hero sort of way) as a Jewish nationalist resisting the Romans and Christians. Set in the Mediterranean world of the first century, it most resembles romantic historical fiction with Gothic elements interspersed. Written by George Croly (1780-1860), Irish clergyman, poet and writer. Also called “Tarry till I Come.”
- Genre/Form: Novels -- New York (State) -- 19th century
- Subject: Wandering Jew; Jews in literature
- Notes: Library copy inscribed: H. Hewitt, and stamped: Henry Hewitt.
- References: Singerman 0455 nn, Marcus 81, Shoemaker 32855
- Call number: PR4518 C94S16 1828
74. Harby, Isaac. A Selection from the miscellaneous writings of the late Isaac Harby : Arranged and published by Henry L. Pinckney and Abraham Moise, for the benefit of his family. To which is prefixed, a memoir of his life, by Abraham Moise. (Charleston: Printed by James S. Burges, 1829).
A collection of the writings of Isaac Harby (see Entry 68) prefaced by a short biography which praises him as a reformer. Includes his Discourse for the Reform Society, a play, political essays, and essays of literary and dramatic criticism. A letter of approval from Thomas Jefferson is added as well. In one of his literary essays, Harby criticizes Shakespeare for being swayed by anti-Semitic public prejudices when crafting the character of Shylock.
- Genre/Form: selected works
- Subject: Jewish authors -- United States.
- References: Singerman 0469 nn, Rosenbach 306, Shoemaker 38913
- Call number: PS1789 .H5 1829
75. In the Court for the Trial of Impeachments and the Correction of Errors : between Jacob Cram, plaintiff in error, and Harmon Hendricks, defendant in error. (New-York: C.S. Van Winkle, 1830).
The Court of Errors, the final court of appeal in New York, denies Jacob Cram his motion for a new trial against Hamon Hendricks. Hendricks (1771-1838) was a prominent member of the Sephardic Jewish community in New York and a pioneer in the American copper industry. He helped transform the United States from a copper importer to manufacturer. His son-in-law Aaron Lopez, was also involved in this case.
- Genre/Form: court case
- Subject: Actions on the case.
- Notes: Defendant’s points (1 leaf) tipped in.
- Call number: KB226.C835 H4
76. Peixotto, Daniel L. M. (Daniel Levy Maduro). Anniversary discourse: pronounced before the Society for the Education of Orphan Children, and the Relief of Indigent Persons of the Jewish Persuasion. ([New York] : Published by order of the society 1830 (New-York: Printed by J. Seymour).
Speech given at the society’s second anniversary reception. Peixotto (1800-1843), a pioneering Jewish doctor and philanthropist born in Amsterdam, stresses the importance of education and charity, praises the industry and intellect of the Jewish people (using Moses Mendelssohn as an example; see also Entries 06 and 54), and discusses how to eradicate the roots of anti-Semitism. The society’s main goals are to “dispense knowledge and charity to the ignorant and poor of the Jews,” because “the proudest badge of any sect is that none of its members are dependent on the public.” The society is raising money to make a school to educate teachers, who will in turn teach Hebrew to the community (necessary for preserving the faith). The recipient, Francis Jenks, was the editor of the Christian Examiner. Peixotto's gift to Jenks was no doubt driven by his desire to attain financial and moral support for his projects from the non-Jewish religious community.
- Genre/Form: charity society speech
- Subject: Society for the Education of Orphan Children, and the Relief of Indigent Persons of the Jewish Persuasion; Jewish orphans -- New York (State) -- New York; Jews -- Education -- New York (State) -- New York; Jews -- Charities.
- Notes: Bears author’s dedication to Joseph L. Joseph.
- References: Singerman 0500 nn, Rosenbach 324, Cooper 2972
- Call number: Pamphlets Pamph HV995.N52 .S63 1830
77. Milman, Henry Hart. The history of the Jews: from the earliest period to the present time. 3 volumes. (New-York: Published by J. & J. Harper, 82 Cliff-St., sold by Collins & Hannay, Collins & Co., G. & C. & H. Carvill, O. A. Roorbach, E. Bliss, W. B. Gilley, A. T. Goodrich, White, Gallagher & White; Philadelphia: Carey & Lea, John Grigg, U. Hunt, Towar & Hogan, M’Carty & Davis, E. L. Carey & A. Hart, J. Crissy; Albany [N.Y.]: O. Steele, and Weare C. Little, 1830).
The history of the Jews from the time of Abraham until the present day. Includes fold-out maps of Palestine and floor plans of the Temple. Hart claims that “nothing is.. .more calculated to confirm the veracity of the Old Testament history, than the remarkable picture it presents of the gradual development of human society.” He sees Jewish history as inseparable from world history and looks to the Bible to learn about the customs (dress, agriculture, money, etc.) of ancient peoples. His history follows the Biblical narrative, but he corroborates with outside sources, rationalizes miracles, and is the first English clergyman to treat the Jews as an Oriental tribe. His openness to Biblical criticism led to this book being condemned.
- Genre/Form: Publishers’ advertisements -- New York (State) -- New York; Publishers’ cloth bindings (Binding) -- 1830
- Subject: Jews -- History.
- Notes: Francis L. Hawks copy, gift of William Niblo, 1867 ; each vol. has bookplate of John B. Moreau, with mss. numbering "101" for v. 1, "102" for v. 2, "103" for v. 3 ; bookplates have engraver’s signature: "Howlands."
- References: Singerman 0493 nn, Rosenbach 322, Cooper 2576
- Call number: Hawks-Niblo Collection AC1 .H37 no. 1-3
78. Judson, Roswell. Two epistles of free stricture, on the American dictionary of Mr. Webster, on the Hebrew grammar and Hebrew chrestomathy of Mr. Stuart, and on the manual Hebrew lexicon of Mr. Gibbs addressed to Rev. Eleazar T. Fitch, D.D. divinity professor in Yale College. (New-Haven: : Printed at the Herald Office., 1830).
- Genre/Form: Encyclopedias and dictionaries.
- Subject: Classical dictionaries; Webster, Noah, 1758-1843. American dictionary of the English language; Stuart, Moses, 1780-1852. Hebrew chrestomathy; Gibbs, Josiah W. (Josiah Willard), 1790-1861. Manual Hebrew and English lexicon; Stuart, Moses, 1780-1852. Grammar of the Hebrew language
- Call number: Offsite PE1617.W4 J83 1830
79. Frey, Joseph Samuel C. F. (Joseph Samuel Christian Frederick). A new edition of a Hebrew grammar, considerably altered and much enlarged. (New York: S. Hoyt & Co., Frankling Buildings, 1831).
Frey, a Hebrew teacher and a Jewish convert to Christianity (and founder of the American Society for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews; see also Entries 54, 64, 69, and 72), wrote this “simple yet comprehensive” grammar to aid Christians in both understanding the Old Testament and converting Jews. Every chapter includes rules and exercises, “so that practice and theory” might go hand in hand. Adapted from a grammar originally used by a missionary school in Germany. Reading passages come from the Old and New Testament and include the genealogy of Jesus. In the preface to the current edition, Frey expresses hope that the increase in Hebrew learning he’s witnessing will soon be followed by the salvation of the Jews.
- Genre/Form: Hebrew grammar
- Subject: Hebrew language -- Grammar.
- Notes: Inscribed by “Samuel H….” in 1838
- Call number: Y1831 .Fre
80. Turner, Samuel Hulbeart. The claims of the Hebrew language and literature:in three lectures delivered in the chapel of Columbia College, 1831. (Andover: Printed by Flagg and Gould, 1831).
Three lectures by Samuel Turner, Professor of Biblical Learning at the Episcopal Theological Seminary and Professor of Hebrew Language and Literature at Columbia College. Turner defends the Hebrew language from criticisms of it being “unoriginal” and “impoverished” and explains why people should invest the time in learning it just as they do Greek and Latin. He discusses the merits gained by learning Hebrew as with any language (history, poetry, discipline) and the merits specific to Hebrew itself (insight into divine wisdom and instruction, better understanding of the Hebraistic New Testament Greek). He refutes the German Bible critics who try to undermine the religious reverence Hebrew deserves but also urges people who are not religious to give the language a chance. While Hebrew may be “imperfect,” “no language is more vividly poetic.”
- Genre/Form: lecture on Hebrew
- Subject: Hebrew language; Bible -- Language, style.
- References: Singerman 0521 nn, Rosenbach 339, Bruntjen 9464
- Call number: Pamph BS537 .T87 1831
81. Livermore, Harriet. Millennial tidings. 4 volumes.(Philadelphia: Published by Harriet Livermore, 1831-1839).
Livermore hoped to pass on to the American public Joseph Wolf’s great news that the restoration of the Jews and the Second Coming of Jesus would be happening in 1847, just 16 years away. Wolf was a Jewish convert to Christianity engaged in missionary work among Jewish communities in Europe and Palestine. Over the course of four volumes, Livermore gives a detailed sketch of Wolf’s history (drawing from his journal and letters), an overview of the Millennium (“a new and strange doctrine”), the restoration of the Jews, and proof that the “poor, afflicted” Native Americans are descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes (see also Entries 14, 21, 47, 71, and 85). In the preface to the second volume, she admits that the first volume was met with “cold contempt,” but that won’t stop her from spreading love of Jesus.
- Subject: Wolff, Joseph, 1795-1862; Millennialism -- United States; Millennium (Eschatology); Lost tribes of Israel; Indians of North America -- Missions; United States -- Church history -- 19th century.
- Notes: N-YHS has author’s autograph presentation copy to William [Crickman?], dated July, 1839.
- References: Singerman 0513
- Call number: BT890 .L58 1831
82. Irving, C. (Christopher). A catechism of Jewish antiquities: containing an account of the classes, institutions, rites, ceremonies, manners, customs, &c. of the ancient Jews: adapted to the use of schools in the United States. Fifth edition. (New-York: Published by Collins and Hannay, Pearl-Street, 1832, c).
Written by a Christian for Christian schoolchildren who needed an education in Judaism to understand obscure passages in Scripture. Written in question-answer format. Divided into three sections: civil state, ecclesiastical state, and domestic conditions. Ends with Maimonides’s 13 Principles. Addresses Jewish festivals, customs, ancient rites. Very detailed, littered with sarcastic/cynical comments about Jews.
- Genre/Form: Juvenile literature -- New York (State) -- New York -- 1832; Catechisms -- New York (State) -- New York -- 1832
- Subject: Jews -- Antiquities.
- Notes: Library copy bears signature of Catherine Moulle on cover and verso of frontispiece; Moulle’s notes pasted and laid in library copy.
- References: Singerman 0348, Wolf 57, Shoemaker 9121
- Call number: YC1832.Irv
83. Gibbs, Josiah W. (Josiah Willard). A manual Hebrew and English lexicon: including the Biblical Chaldee. Designed particularly for beginners. 2d ed. (New Haven: Hezekiah Howe; New York: J. Leavitt; Boston: Crocker & Brewster; Andover: Flagg & Gould, 1832).
A lexicon of Biblical Hebrew for beginner students in higher schools and colleges. An abridged version of the 1826 Andover edition. Includes important proper names and definitions with verse references. Follows the example of Gesenius (see Entry 40) and Stuart (see Entries 36 and 50). Gibbs (1790-1861) was a linguist, theologian, abolitionist, and professor of sacred literature at Harvard (as well as the father of renowned scientist Josiah W. Gibbs Jr., of the Gibbs energy constant). He compiled vocabularies of Hebrew, Greek, Arabic, as well as several American Indian languages.
- Genre/Form: Dictionary-- Hebrew-- English
- Subject: Hebrew language -- Dictionaries -- English; English language -- Dictionaries -- Hebrew.
- Notes: Inscription on cover and first page “Russell Trevett”; on flyleaf “Russell Trevett August 1832 New York” with additional handwritten notes about his progress learning Hebrew
- Call number: Hawks-Niblo Collection PJ4833 .G53 1832
84. Stokes, George [for the Religious Tract Society, London]. The manners and customs of the Jews, and other nations, mentioned in the Bible. (Hartford: Henry Benton, 1833).
- Subject: Jews
- References: Singerman 0565, Rosenbach 362, Bruntjen 21371
- Call number: offsite DS112 .S87 1833
85. Tufts, M. (Marshall). Shores of Vespucci; or, Romance without fiction. (Lexington, Ms. M. Tufts, 1833).
The purpose of this “original” book is to give an accurate yet exciting account of the American story by combining “the interest of romance with the truth of history.” See p.191-196 for parallels between the American Indians and the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel (see also Entries 14, 21, 47, 71, and 81). The author writes that is is “surprising” that interest in this subject seems to have dropped off.
- Genre/Form: history
- Subject: Indians of North America -- Northwest, Pacific; Fur trade -- Northwest, Pacific.
- References: Singerman 0566, Bruntjen 21570, Wright I 2622
- Call number: PS3109.T39 S6
86. Bush, George. A grammar of the Hebrew language; with a brief chrestomathy for the use of the beginners. (New York: Leavitt, Lord & Co.; Boston: Crocker & Brewster, 1835).
- Genre/Form: Hebrew grammar
- Subject: grammar
- Call number: Offsite PJ4566. B86 1835.
87. David and Uriah; a drama in five acts founded on the exploits of the man after God’s own heart. (Philadelphia, Pub. by author, 1835).
A play about the “holy” King David of Israel, of whom “there is scarcely to be found on the records of human depravity an individual whose life has been marked with more acts of atrocity.” While Milman’s play (see Entry 56) was meant to provide evidence of Christianity, this play “is offered to the public, not from any dislike toward those who honestly support a system of theology founded upon the Jewish Legends; but from a desire that people should examine these incredible tales through the medium of plain, unsophisticated common sense.” The playwright wants people to break free from their “blind and slavish devotion” to religion, and he hopes to find favor with the people who already “do not acknowledge the Jewish records of ancient ignorance, barbarism, and cruelty, as the proper basis of just laws and enlightened morality."
- Genre/Form: religious drama
- Subject: David, King of Israel -- Drama
- Notes: Some debate whether the author is Samuel Judah or William Sinclair
- References: Singerman 0598, Wolf 108b
- Call number: PS991 .A1 D24 1835
88. Yeadon, Richard. The amenability of Northern incendiaries as well to Southern as to Northern laws, without prejudice to the right of free discussion; to which is added an inquiry into the lawfulness of slavery, under the Jewish and Christian dispensations; together with other views of the same subject, being a series of essays recently published in the Charleston Courier. (Charleston [S.C.]. : Printed by T.A. Hayden, 44 Queen-St., 1835).
Series of essays defending the southern states’ right to slavery and criticizing the northern “incendiaries” who rabble-rouse with their call for abolition. Includes an essay entitled “Slavery Consistent with Religion and Christianity” (p.35-38) which uses Old Testament examples to prove that God not only does not condemn slavery but sanctions it; what God condones no man can call immoral or wrong.
- Genre/Form: Anti-abolition literature.
- Subject: Abolitionists; Slavery -- United States; Slavery in the Bible
- Call number: E441 Box.Y375 A4 1835
89. Reynolds, Edward. Hints to students on the use of the eyes. Edinburgh : Thomas Clark, 38, George Street, MDCCCXXXV  (Edinburgh : Printed by James Burnet, 5, Shakspeare Square).
- Subject: Eye -- Care and hygiene; Eye -- Protection; Light; Vision; Hebrew language -- Study and teaching -- Physiological effect; Greek language -- Study and teaching -- Physiological effect.
- Call number: Offsite RE51 .R46 1835
90. A Serious and comical dialogue, that lately happened between Murdock Martin, a Scots Jew, of the thirteenth or lost tribe, a miserable miser, and his lunatick son John, at Albany Pier. (New York, N.Y.? : s.n., 18--?).
One page of a dialogue between a Jew, his son, and a fellow miser. Full of anti-Semitic tropes—the Jew as a traitor to his country, a miserly cheat, charging interest, and taking advantage of the good-hearted Christian public.
- Genre/Form: broadsides
- Subject: dialogue
- Call number: Broadsides SY18-- no.69