The grueling journey from capture in Africa to enslavement in the Americas often took four months. It was called Middle Passage.

Typically living in the underbelly of a dark, stench-filled, airless wooden ship, men, women and children chained hand and foot were left near starvation.

New York City was part of a triangulated trade route, which went from Africa to New York to the South or the West Indies.

Therefore to many Africans who encountered it, New York City's harbor was just a frightening, floating stop on a horrible and arduous nightmare journey to other ports of call.

Nevertheless, a significant number of the enslaved were left in, and indeed brought to, this rapidly expanding Colonial town. Separated from family, friends, and loved ones, they were sold to the highest bidder. There was a slave market on Wall Street.

Links to Sites on the Middle Passage