Framed set of American military buttons (61)

Framed set of American military buttons (61)
Framed set of American military buttons (61)
Title
Framed set of American military buttons (61)
Date 
1775-1783
Medium 
Pewter, brass, bronze, wood
Dimensions 
largest: 1 in. ( 2.5 cm )
Description 
Pewter, brass, or bronze military buttons; buttons have the emblem, number, or symbol of their regiment on front; one button has a wood back, covered by a thin pewter face with a regiment number in center flanked on the left by two dolphins forming a C; two buttons have a thin brass face with a cannon, and a flying flag with a Union Jack in the upper left corner; two other buttons have a thin brass face with a mortar; another button has a thin brass face with two cannons back-to-back surmounted by several flags; one button is of solid bronze and has an engraved deer on front; all other buttons are of solid pewter: one has a skull and crossbones and two have crossed swords below their regiment numbers; one has its number in the center, flanked on the left by two dolphins forming a C; one has a foliate inscription; one button has a mortar and another has a cannon, and a flying flag with a Union Jack in the upper left corner; two others have an eagle with a shield on its breast in the center, and an inscribed scroll at top.
Object Number 
INV.6194.1-61
Marks 
stamped: (1-12), on front: "USA" (Continental Army) stamped: (20), on front: "MASSA/2/REG" (2nd Massachusetts Regiment; coat button) stamped: (21), on front: "MAS/II/REG" (coat button) stamped: (23), on front: "MASSA/IV/REG" (4th Massachusetts Regiment; coat) stamped: (24), on front: "MAS/V/REG" (5th Massachusetts Regiment; coat) stamped: (25), on front: "MAS/VI" (6th Massachusetts Regiment; crossed swords; coat) stamped: (26), on front: "MASS/VII" (7th Massachusetts Regiment; coat) stamped: (27), on front: "MASS/1" (1st Massachusetts Regiment) stamped: (28), on front: "MASS/III/REG" (3rd Massachusetts Regiment) stamped: (29), on front: "MASSA/IV/REG" (4th Massachusetts Regiment) stamped: (30), on front: "MASSA/II/REG" (2nd Massachusetts Regiment) stamped: (31), on front: "MAS/VI" (6th Massachusetts Regiment; crossed swords) stamped: (32), on front: "MASS/VIII" (8th Massachusetts Regiment; skull and crossbones) stamped: (33), on front: "IX" (probably 11th Massachusetts Regiment) stamped: (34), on front: "MAS/X/REGT" (10th Massachusetts Regiment) stamped: (35), on front: "1/C.R." (1st Connecticut Regiment; coat) stamped: (36), on front: "2" (2nd Connecticut Regiment; officer's coat button probably made in France; dolphins around number) stamped: (37), on front: "3 C.R." (3rd Connecticut Regiment; probably coat) stamped: (38), on front: "3" (3rd Connecticut Regiment; dolphins around number; coat) stamped: (39), on front: "4TH/CR" (4th Connecticut Regiment; foliate script; coat) stamped: (40), on front: "4/C.R." (4th Connecticut Regiment; coat) stamped: (41), on front: "5/C.R." (5th Connecticut Regiment; coat) stamped: (42), on front: "NY" (New York troops) stamped: (43), on front: "3B/P" (3rd Battalion, Pennsylvania Line) stamped: (47-8, 51), on front: "2" (probably 2nd Connecticut Regiment; No. 51 is a coat button) stamped: (49-50), on front: "5" (probably 5th Connecticut Regiment) stamped: (52-3), on front: "7" (probably 7th Connecticut Regiment) stamped: (54-5), on front: "9" (probably 9th Connecticut Regiment) stamped: (56), on front: "3" (probably Continental Army button) stamped: (57), on front: "V" (probably Continental Army; coat) stamped: (58), on front: "7" (probably Continental Army; coat) stamped: (59), on front: "12" (probably Continental Army; coat) stamped: (60), on front: "13" (probably Continental Army; coat) stamped: (61), on front: "24" (probably Continental Army; coat) stamped: (45-6), on front, inside scroll: "FEDERAL" (Federal Army; c. 1786)
Gallery Label 
These buttons were excavated by the Field Exploration Committee at West Point and at Revolutionary War camps in the Hudson Highlands of New York. The two pewter buttons with the eagle and scroll were worn on the uniforms of Federal troops stationed at West Point after the Revolution; all other solid pewter buttons were worn by Continental Army privates. The button engraved with a deer was worn by an officer in the Bucks of America, an African-American corps recruited from New England.
Due to ongoing research, information about this object is subject to change.
Creative: Tronvig Group