Melancton Smith (1744–1798), ca. 1803–1810

From: John Fiske, The Critical Period of American History, 1783–89 (Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1891), p. 367.

Melancton Smith (1744–1798) was a merchant and lawyer and a close adviser of Governor George Clinton who served in the New York Ratifying Convention (elected from Dutchess County). Smith was one of the strongest Antifederalists at the Convention but also led the opposition in voting for the Constitution as a compromise that he felt was necessary for the young nation, an act which did not please all the Antifederalists and had a negative effect on Smith's subsequent political career.