John McKesson (1734–1798)

[Votes], Convention of the State of New York on the adoption of the Federal Constitution

Poughkeepsie, July 25–26, 1788
New-York Historical Society Library, Department of Manuscripts, McKesson Papers

On July 25, the Committee of the Whole of the New York Convention voted 31 to 28 to approve its report, consisting of a declaration of rights, a form of ratification, and recommendatory amendments, all unconditionally accepting the Constitution. The committee then adjourned. The Convention re-convened at 5 p.m. The report was then considered by the Convention and approved by a vote of 30 to 25. The vote as recorded by McKesson: "In Convention. The Question to Agree with the report of the Committee [of the Whole]," was 30 to 25 in favor, with several Antifederalists voting in favor and others absenting themselves. New York had ratified the Constitution unconditionally.

Finally, at 9 a.m. on July 26, an engrossed copy of the declaration of rights, the form of ratification, and the explanatory or recommendatory amendments were read to the Convention. The president, Governor George Clinton, put the question to the Convention whether they should pass. The question was carried in the affirmative, 30 to 27. This is the official vote of the Convention to ratify the Constitution.