"Publius" (James Madison)

The Federalist No. 10
New York Journal

New York: November 24, 1787
New-York Historical Society Library

The Federalist was written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. These 85 essays, which appeared in the newspapers of New York City and other states, and in two volumes, are the greatest writings in support of the Constitution. The first essay, by Hamilton, was published on October 27, 1787, in New York's Independent Journal. The Federalist No. 10 is probably the most famous essay and was the first written by Madison. Madison argues against the prevailing idea that republics could only exist in small territories with homogeneous populations. He argues that in a large country it would be hard for one faction to become or stay a majority. Thus, large republican governments would succeed.