The Federalist No. 64
Alexander Hamilton wrote the first essay of The Federalist series, and John Jay wrote the next four, the last on November 10. But then Jay became ill. He wrote only one more, No. 64, which appeared in the Independent Journal on March 5, 1788. The most important commissioner in negotiating the Treaty of Peace of 1783 that ended the Revolution, Jay had been the Confederation's secretary for foreign affairs since 1784. He was well aware of the importance of a strong national government in diplomacy. Here he defends the powers the Constitution gives to the president and the senate in the conduct of foreign policy.